- Archelaus I of Macedon
Archelaus I (Greek: Άρχέλαος Α΄) was king of
Macedonfrom 413 to 399 BC, following the death of Perdiccas II. The son of Perdiccas by a slave woman, Archelaus obtained the throne by murdering his uncle, his cousin, and his half-brother, the legitimate heir, but proved a capable and beneficent ruler, known for the sweeping changes he made in state administration, the military, and commerce.
Almost immediately after he took power, Archelaus was faced with a situation which allowed him to completely reverse Macedon's relationship with
Athens, which had been a major threat for the past half century. The Athenians experienced a crushing defeat at Syracuse in late 413 during which most of their ships were destroyed. This left the Athenians in desperate need of a huge amount of timber to build new ships and Archelaus in a position to set the price. Archelaus generously supplied the Athenians with the timber they needed. In recognition of this, the Athenians honored Archelaus and his children with the titles of " proxenos" and " euergetes" of the people.
Archelaus went on to institute many internal reforms. He issued an abundance of good quality coinage. He built strongholds, cut straight roads (important for movement of the military), and improved the organization of the military, particularly the cavalry and hoplite infantry.
Archelaus was also known as a man of culture and extended cultural and artistic contacts with southern Greece. In his new palace at
Pella(where he moved the capital from the old capital at Aigai), he hosted great poets, tragedians, including Euripides(who wrote his tragedies "Archelaus" and " The Bacchae" while in Macedon), musicians, and painters, including Zeuxis(the most celebrated painter of his time). Archelaus reorganized the Olympia, a religious festival with musical and athletic competitions honoring Olympian Zeusand the Musesat Dion, the Olympia of Macedon. The greatest athletes and artists of Greece came to Macedon to participate in this event.In addition, Archelaus competed and won in Tethripponin both Olympic and Pythian Games. [ Solinus, [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/solinus2a.html 9.16] . "Pythias et Olympiacas palmas quadrigis adeptus" (Hammond and Griffith. "A History of Macedonia", 150n5).]
According to Aelian, Archelaus was killed in 399 B.C. during a hunt, by one of the royal pages. [Aelian. "Varia Historia," 8.9.] By the time that he died, Archelaus had succeeded in converting Macedon into a significantly stronger power.
Thucydidescredited Archelaus with doing more for his kingdom than all of his predecessors together.
* [http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/greece/macedonia/kings/archelaus/t.html Coinage of Archelaus]
* [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~jamesdow/s022/f236099.htm Ancestry of Archelaus]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Archelaus II of Macedon — Archelaus the second succeeded his father Archelaus and having reigned seven years, he was slain in hunting, either by chance. He was brother of Orestes of Macedon. According to the Chronicon he reigned four years. References*History of the World … Wikipedia
Archelaus of Macedon — can refer to: * Archelaus I of Macedon * Archelaus II of Macedon … Wikipedia
Archelaus — The name Archelaus may refer to: Historical Persons *Archelaus (philosopher), pupil of Anaxagoras, 5th century BC *Archelaus I of Macedon, reigned 413 399 BC *Archelaus of Chersonesus in Egypt, Hellenistic Greek poet, flourished 125 BC *Archelaus … Wikipedia
Macedon — Infobox Former Country native name = Μακεδονία Makedonía conventional long name = Macedon common name = Macedonia continent = Europe region = Mediterranean era = Classical Antiquity status = status text = empire = government type = Monarchy year… … Wikipedia
Crateuas of Macedon — Crateuas (Greek: Κρατεύας), also called Craterus, was King of Macedon for four days in 399 BC. He was lover of Archelaus I of Macedon, whom he killed to become a king himself. According to another version, Craterus killed the king, because… … Wikipedia
Craterus of Macedon — Craterus (Greek: Κρατερός), also called Crateuas, was King of Macedon for four days in 399 BC. He was lover of Archelaus I of Macedon, whom he killed to become a king himself. [Ps. Plato, Alcibiades II , [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi… … Wikipedia
List of kings of Macedon — Macedon (also known as Macedonia) was an ancient kingdom centered around the present day region of Macedonia in northern Greece, and was inhabited by the Ancient Macedonians, an ancient tribe. At various points in its history the kingdom proper… … Wikipedia
Demetrius I of Macedon — Demetrius I Poliorcetes Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337 BC – 283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής The Besieger ), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). He belonged to the Antigonid… … Wikipedia
Orestes of Macedon — (Greek: Ὀρέστης ὁ Μακεδών) was son of Archelaus and successor king of his murdered father. He reigned between 399 396 BC along with his guardian Aeropus II. References History of the Macedonians Page 43 By Edward Farr 1850 Preceded by… … Wikipedia
Amyntas III of Macedon — Amyntas III (Greek Αμύντας Γ΄ ), (Unknown 370 BC) son of Arrhidaeus and father of Philip II, was king of Macedon in 393 BC, and again from 392 to 369 BC.He came to the throne after the ten years of confusion which followed the death of Archelaus… … Wikipedia