The Producers (1968 film)


The Producers (1968 film)

Infobox Film
name = The Producers (1968)


caption = Theatrical release poster.
director = Mel Brooks
producer = Sidney Glazier
writer = Mel Brooks
starring = Zero Mostel
Gene Wilder
Kenneth Mars
Lee Meredith
Christopher Hewett
music = Brian Morris
John Morris
cinematography = Joseph Coffey
editing = Ralph Rosenblum
distributor = Embassy Pictures
released = March 18, 1968
runtime = 90 min.
country = USA
awards = Academy 1968:
Best Original Screenplay
Best Supporting Actor
Golden Globe 1968:
Best Actor-Comedy
Best Screenplay
Library of Congress
language = English
budget = $947,000 USD [TCM interview of Gene Wilder by Alec Baldwin, originally aired April 15 2008]
preceded_by =
followed_by =
amg_id = 1:39399
imdb_id = 0063462

"The Producers" is a 1968 feature-length comedy film written and directed by Mel Brooks. In the film, two New York City con men (Max Bialystock and Leo Bloom) attempt to cheat theater 'angels' (investors) out of their investment money by deliberately producing a "flop," or unsuccessful show.

This was the first film directed by Mel Brooks, who won an Academy Award for his screenplay.

Plot

Max Bialystock is a failed, aging Broadway producer who ekes out a living romancing rich old women in exchange for money for his "next play." Nebbish accountant Leo Bloom arrives at Bialystock's office to do his books and discovers a two thousand dollar error in the accounts of Bialystock's last play. Bialystock cons Bloom into hiding the fraud, and while shuffling numbers, Bloom has a revelation which Bialystock immediately puts into action: a scheme to massively oversell shares in a Broadway production, then purposely make a horrific flop, so that no one will ever audit its books, thus avoiding a payout and leaving the duo free to flee to Rio de Janeiro with the profits. Leo is hesitant to commit to the criminal venture, but is eventually convinced by Max that he deserves some happiness, and his current drab existence is no better than being in prison.

After an extensive search the now-partners find an unproduced play worthy of their efforts: "Springtime for Hitler: A Gay Romp with Adolf and Eva at Berchtesgaden", a work which Bialystock gleefully describes as "a love letter to Hitler," written in total sincerity by deranged ex-Nazi Franz Liebkind. They convince Liebkind to sign over the stage rights, telling him they want to show the world "the true Hitler, the Hitler with a song in his heart". Bialystock then collects money from dozens of little old ladies—ultimately selling 25,000 percent of the play—and hires the monumentally untalented (and comically gay) director Roger De Bris to stage the production. The part of Hitler goes to a charismatic but semi-coherent hippie named Lorenzo St. Dubois (aka LSD), who wanders into the wrong theater by accident during the casting call.

The result of all of this is a cheerfully upbeat, utterly tasteless musical detailing the life of the dictator, which opens with a lavish production number, also titled "Springtime For Hitler," celebrating Nazi Germany overrunning Europe. Unfortunately for the protagonists, their attempt to make an unwatchable play backfires as, after initial dumbfounded disbelief, the audience finds LSD's beatnik-like portrayal of Hitler to be hilarious, and the play is a universally praised hit. (The film doesn't clarify if De Bris & LSD's staging of the play as a farce is intentional, or a serendipity of tastelessness, enthusiasm, and lack of talent.)

After an enraged Liebkind attempts to shoot the producers in their office, the three of them band together and, in desperation, try to blow up the theater to end the production. They get caught in the explosion and are arrested. Found "incredibly guilty" in their criminal trial, they are sent to prison, where they proceed to create a new play starring their fellow convicts entitled "Prisoners of Love," running the same scam as before.

Cast

*Zero Mostel as Max Bialystock
*Gene Wilder as Leo Bloom
*Kenneth Mars as Franz Liebkind
*Lee Meredith as Ulla
*Estelle Winwood as Hold Me-Touch Me
*Christopher Hewett as Roger De Bris
*Andréas Voutsinas as Carmen Ghia
*Dick Shawn as Lorenzo St. DuBois (L.S.D.)
*Renée Taylor as Eva Braun

* The foreman of the jury is played by Bill Macy, who would later star in the 1970s sitcom, "Maude", and numerous Hollywood films. The film also features Barney Martin, who would later achieve fame as Jerry Seinfeld's father Morty on "Seinfeld", and William Hickey, best known as the Godfather in Prizzi's Honor, as the drunk in the bar.
* Writer-director Mel Brooks is heard briefly in the film, singing "Don't be stupid, be a smarty/Come and join the Nazi Party" in the song "Springtime For Hitler". His version of line is also dubbed into each performance of the musical and in the movie version of the musical.
* In an interview on the movie's DVD, Brooks says that Dustin Hoffman was originally cast as Franz Liebkind, but the night before shooting he bowed out to star in "The Graduate", which co-starred Brooks' wife, Anne Bancroft.

Note

The original screenplay had Franz Liebkind having Max and Leo swearing on "The Siegfried Oath", accompanied by "The Ride of the Valkyries" and promising fealty to "Siegfried", Wagner, Nietzche, Hindenburg, The Graf Spee, the Blue Max, and Adolph "You know who." This explains Franz's outraged cry when entering Max's office, "You have broken the Siegfried Oath - you must die!" The Oath was restored in the musical version. [ [http://www.script-o-rama.com/movie_scripts/p/the-producers-script-screenplay.html Original 1967 "The Producers" screenplay] ]

Influences

* Max Bialystock is named after the Polish city of Białystok. A 'bialystoker,' is a roll similar to a bagel.
* Leo Bloom is named for the subject of the novel "Ulysses", Leopold Bloom. Leo meets Max on June 16, the date that all of the action in "Ulysses" takes place. Bialystock at one point also compares Leo to Prince Myshkin, the titular protagonist in Fyodor Dostoevsky's novel "The Idiot".
* One of the rejected manuscripts in the search for "the worst play ever" features the opening sentence to Franz Kafka's "The Metamorphosis", where a character named Gregor Samsa wakes up to find himself transformed into a "giant cockroach". Bialystock quickly dismisses the story idea as "too good".
* Carmen Ghia is named after the Volkswagen Karmann Ghia, a popular car in production in 1968.
* A showman overselling shares in a deliberately produced Broadway flop so he could pocket the excess investment was the basis for the RKO Radio feature film "New Faces Of 1937". The film starred comedian Milton Berle, dancer Ann Miller and singer Harriet Hilliard (later Harriet Nelson of "Ozzie and Harriet" fame). The 1937 film itself was based on an earlier play entitled "Shoestring". An obscure murder mystery film released in 1944 entitled "The Falcon in Hollywood" also had a similar premise, but with a much darker take on it, with a scheming movie producer resorting to sabotage & murder when the surprisingly good performance of the inexperienced director & cast threatened to sink his investment scam.
* In the British sitcom "Bottom", one of the main characters is named Edward 'Elizabeth' Hitler, referencing the character Franz Liebkind, who states that Adolf Hitler's middle name was Elizabeth.

Release history

According to Brooks, after the film was completed, Embassy executives declined to release it due to "bad taste" until Peter Sellers saw the film privately and placed an advertisement in Variety in support of the film's wider release [The Producers(1968): Deluxe Edition DVD: The Making of The Producers | Interview with Mel Brooks] . It was still only released to a small number of theaters [cite web
url=http://www.dvdjournal.com/reviews/p/producers68_de.shtml
title=The Producers(1968): Deluxe Edition DVD review"
author=Mark Bourne
work=dvdjournal.com
date=
accessdate=2007-02-02
] . "The Producers" was rated PG by the MPAA for brief mild language.

In 2002 "The Producers" was re-issued to three theaters by [http://www.rialtopictures.com Rialto Pictures] and earned $111,866 [cite web| url=http://imdb.com/title/tt0063462/business
title=Business Data for The Producers (1968)
work=imdb.com
accessdate=2007-02-02
] [cite web| url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=producers02.htm
title=Business Data for The Producers (Re-issue)
work=boxofficemojo.com
accessdate=2007-02-02
] at the box office.

In 2001 Brooks adapted the film into a Broadway musical of the same name ("The Producers"). In 2005, a film, based in turn on that musical, was released ("The Producers").

"The Producers" is currently available on [http://www.mgm.com/title_title.do?title_star=PRODUCER-SE DVD] , released by MGM. As of 2007, the film continues to be distributed to art-film and repertory cinemas by Rialto.

Reception

The film received harsh reviews from New York critics Renata Adler ("shoddy and gross and cruel" in "The New York Times"), Stanley Kauffmann ("the film bloats into sogginess." -- "The New Republic"), Pauline Kael ("amateurishly crude" in "The New Yorker") and Andrew Sarris, partly due to its directorial style and broad ethnic humor. [cite web
url=http://www.filmforum.org/archivedfilms/prodnytimes.html
title=When The Nazis Became Nudniks
author=J. Hoberman
date=2001-04-15
work=New York Times
accessdate=2007-02-02
] Negative reviewers noted the bad taste and insensitivity of devising a broad comedy about two Jewish men conspiring to cheat theatrical investors by devising a designed-to-fail singing, dancing, tasteless Broadway musical show about Hitler (a mere 23 years after the end of World War II).cite web
title=An audience for Mel Brooks's The Producers: the avant-garde of the masses.(Critical essay)
author=Symons, Alex
url=http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-17530754_ITM
work=Journal of Popular Film and Television
date=2006-03-22
accessdate=2007-02-02
] "Time Magazine"'s reviewers wrote, "...hilariously funny ... Unfortunately, the film is burdened with the kind of plot that demands resolution ... ends in a whimper of sentimentality ... The movie is disjointed and inconsistent ..." [cite web| url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,837773-1,00.html
title=The Producers (review)
date=1968-01-26
author=
work=time.com
accessdate=2007-02-02
] and "... a wildly funny joy ride ...", [cite web| url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,838198-3,00.html
title=Arts & Entertainment (Cinema)
date=1968-04-19
author=
work=time.com
accessdate=2007-02-02
] "...despite its bad moments, is some of the funniest American cinema comedy in years." [cite web| url=http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,902162-3,00.html
title=Arts & Entertainment (Cinema)
date=1968-05-10
author=
work=time.com
accessdate=2007-02-02
] The film industry trade paper "Variety magazine" wrote, "The film is unmatched in the scenes featuring Mostel and Wilder alone together, and several episodes with other actors are truly rare." [cite web| url=http://www.variety.com/review/VE1117794183.html?categoryID=31&cs=1
title=The Producers (review)
date=1968-01-01
author=Variety Staff
work=variety.com
accessdate=2007-02-02
] Over the years, the film has gained much more positive praises, garnering a 90% fresh rating from Rotten Tomatoes. Roger Ebert later claimed that "this is one of the funniest movies ever made." [cite web| url=http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1016819-producers/ |title=The Producers (1968)] In his review, Ebert writes,

I remember finding myself in an elevator with Brooks and his wife, actress Anne Bancroft, in New York City a few months after "The Producers" was released. A woman got onto the elevator, recognized him and said, "I have to tell you, Mr. Brooks, that your movie is vulgar." Brooks smiled benevolently. "Lady," he said, "it rose below vulgarity."

Reviews in the U.K. were positive to very positive.See Symons]

Despite the complaints about the content, many of the people involved in the project, such as Brooks, Mostel, Wilder etc were all of Jewish origin. Both Eva Braun and Hitler are played by Jewish actors, and Goebbels is briefly represented by a black actor.

Awards and recognition

In 1968, "The Producers" won an Academy Award for Best Writing, Story and Screenplay—Written Directly for the Screen and was nominated for Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Gene Wilder).

In 1969, "The Producers" won a Writers Guild of America, East Best Original Screenplay award.

In 1996, this film was deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.

In 2004, "The Producers" was placed at #11 of the American Film Institute list of [http://www.afi.com/tvevents/100years/laughs.aspx The 100 Funniest Films Of All Time] .

Cultural legacy

* Peter Sellers was a fan of the film and appeared on Michael Parkinson's BBC1 chat show "Parkinson" in a Nazi helmet reciting the entire "Hitler was a better painter than Churchill" speech. ("Parkinson" BBC1 09/11/74 & BBC Audiobooks (5 Feb 1996))
* The title of the U2 album "Achtung Baby" comes from a line in the movie. [cite web| url=http://www.u2faqs.com/history/d.html#2
title=U2 History FAQ - Everything You Know Is Wrong
work=U2faqs.com
accessdate=2008-04-15|
]
*At its theatrical release in Sweden, the film was given the Swedish title "Producenterna" ("The Producers"), but it was not a success then. After it was re-released under the title "Det våras för Hitler" ("Springtime for Hitler"), it scored with the Swedish audience. Because of this, all of Mel Brooks' films were given a title with "Det våras för..." ("Springtime For...") in Sweden, up until "Life Stinks" ("Det våras för slummen", "Springtime For The Slums"). For example, "Blazing Saddles" was retitled "Det våras för sheriffen" ("Springtime For The Sheriff") and "Spaceballs" was retitled "Det våras för rymden" ("Springtime For Space"). After this, Mel Brooks himself has complained at the Swedish habit of always calling his films something with 'Springtime For...' and so, his last two films have been called "Robin Hood: Karlar i trikåer" (') and "Dracula: Död men lycklig" ('), although the latter is called "Det våras för Dracula" on the Swedish DVD cover. [cite web| url=http://www.nordicposters.com/cgi-bin/seek?seek=Mel+Brooks
title=Mel Brooks Movie Posters, 1917-2007
work=nordicposters.com
accessdate=2008-04-17|
]
* Season four of "Curb Your Enthusiasm" revolves around "The Producers". Larry David is hired by Mel Brooks as a surefire way of ruining the show and ending its run. Instead, reflecting the actual plotline of the play, David turns it into a huge success.
* The movie introduced the term "creative accounting."Fact|date=December 2007
*In an episode of "House", Dr. House is looking for a new employee and after the interview, which Dr. Wilson felt went well, Wilson exclaims "That's our Hitler!"

Quotations

From Mel Brooks' "U.S. News and World Report" interview: :"I was never crazy about Hitler...If you stand on a soapbox and trade rhetoric with a dictator you never win...That's what they do so well: they seduce people. But if you ridicule them, bring them down with laughter, they can't win. You show how crazy they are." [Shute, Nancy. [http://www.usnews.com/usnews/culture/articles/010820/archive_038235.htm Mel Brooks: His humor brings down Hitler, and the house] "U.S. News and World Report". August 12, 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-04]

References

External links

*
*
*
* [http://www.hope-unknown.net/roger Roger de Bris Fanlisting]


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