Albert W. Tucker


Albert W. Tucker

Infobox_Scientist
name = Albert W. Tucker
image_width = 300px
caption = Albert William Tucker
birth_date = birth date|1905|11|28|df=y
birth_place = Ontario, Canada
death_date = death date and age|1995|1|25|1905|11|28|df=y
death_place = Highstown, N.J., U.S.
residence = U.S.
nationality = American, Canadian
field = Mathematician
work_institution = Princeton University
alma_mater = Princeton University
doctoral_advisor = Solomon Lefschetz
doctoral_students = David Gale
Marvin Minsky
John Forbes Nash
Torrence Parsons
Lloyd Shapley
known_for = Prisoner's dilemma
Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Albert William Tucker (28 November 190525 January, 1995) was a Canadian-born American mathematician who made important contributions in topology, game theory, and non-linear programming.

Albert Tucker was born in Ontario, Canada, and earned his B.A. at the University of Toronto in 1928. In 1932, he completed his Ph.D. at the Princeton University under the supervision of Solomon Lefschetz, with the thesis "An Abstract Approach to Manifolds".

In 1932–33 he was a National Research Fellow at Cambridge, Harvard, and the University of Chicago. He then returned to Princeton to join the faculty in 1933, where he stayed till 1970. He chaired the mathematics department for about twenty years. Almost no one else was there for such a long time. Tucker also knew everyone and remembered everything making him a great source for oral histories of the mathematics community.

His Ph.D. students include Michel Balinski, David Gale, Alan Goldman, John Isbell, Stephen Maurer, Marvin Minsky, Nobel Prize winner John Nash, Torrence Parsons, Lloyd Shapley, Robert Singleton, and Marjorie Stein. Although he wasn't his dissertation advisor, Tucker did advise and collaborated with Harold W. Kuhn on a number of papers and models.

In 1950, Albert Tucker gave the name and interpretation "prisoner's dilemma" to Merrill M. Flood and Melvin Dresher's model of cooperation and conflict, resulting in the most well-known game theoretic paradox. He is also well known for the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker conditions, a basic result in non-linear programming, which was published in conference proceedings, rather than in a journal.

In the 1960s, he was heavily involved in mathematics education, as chair of the AP Calculus committee for the College Board (1960–1963), through work with the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM) of the MAA (he was president of the MAA in 1961–1962), and through many NSF summer workshops for high school and college teachers.

In the early 1980s, Tucker recruited Princeton history professor Charles Gillispie to help him set up an oral history project to preserve stories about the Princeton mathematical community in the 1930s. [http://infoshare1.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/finding_aids/mathoral/pm03.htm] With funding from the Sloan Foundation, this project later expanded its scope. Among those who shared their memories of such figures as Einstein, von Neumann, and Gödel [http://infoshare1.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/finding_aids/mathoral/pm05.htm] were computer pioneer Herman Goldstine and Nobel laureates John Bardeen and Eugene Wigner.

Albert Tucker received an honorary degree from Dartmouth College. He died in Highstown, N.J. in 1995 at age 89.

External links

* [http://www.princeton.edu/pr/news/95/q1/0126tucker.html News from PRINCETON UNIVERSITY]
*MathGenealogy|id=8581
* [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/utcah/00301/cah-00301.html#a0 A Guide to Albert William Tucker Papers]
* [http://www.economics.utoronto.ca/osborne/MathTutorial/TUCKER.HTM Extract from an obituary]
* [http://www.economics.utoronto.ca/osborne/MathTutorial/KTCF.HTM Kuhn Tucker conditions]
* [http://infoshare1.princeton.edu/libraries/firestone/rbsc/finding_aids/mathoral/pm02.htm The Princeton Mathematics Community in the 1930s] Contains a series of interviews with Tucker.

Persondata
NAME= Tucker, Albert W.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= American Mathematician
DATE OF BIRTH= 28 November 1905
PLACE OF BIRTH= Ontario, Canada
DATE OF DEATH= 25 January, 1995
PLACE OF DEATH= Highstown, N.J., U.S.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Albert William Tucker — Albert W. Tucker Albert William Tucker (28 novembre 1905 25 janvier 1995) était un mathématicien américain d origine canadienne qui a produit d importantes contributions en topologie, théorie des jeux et programmation non… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert W. Tucker — Nacimiento 28 de noviembre de 1905 Ontario, Canadá Fallecimiento 25 de enero, 1995 Highstown, N.J., Estados Unidos Residencia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albert W. Tucker — Albert William Tucker (28 novembre 1905 25 janvier 1995) était un mathématicien américain d origine canadienne qui a produit d importantes contributions en topologie, théorie des jeux et optimisation non linéaire. Biographie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert W. Tucker — Albert William Tucker (* 28. November 1905 in Ontario, Kanada; † 25. Januar 1995 in Highstown, New Jersey) war ein in Kanada geborener US amerikanischer Mathematiker, der wichtige Beiträge zu Topologie, Spieltheorie und Nichtlinearer Optimierung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert William Tucker — (* 28. November 1905 in Ontario, Kanada; † 25. Januar 1995 in Highstown, New Jersey) war ein in Kanada geborener US amerikanischer Mathematiker, der wichtige Beiträge zu Topologie, Spieltheorie und Lineare Programmierung lieferte. Er studierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tucker (surname) — Tucker is a surname.Derivation of nameThe origin of the name is not entirely sure, but since it has a long history as a surname on both the continent as in England and from thereon also in the United States it presumably has the same Saxon roots …   Wikipedia

  • Albert Tucker — may refer to:*Albert Tucker (artist) (1914 ndash;1999) *Albert W. Tucker (1905 ndash;1995), mathematician …   Wikipedia

  • Albert Tucker — ist der Name folgender Personen: Albert Tucker (Maler) (1914–1999), australischer Maler Albert William Tucker (1905–1995), amerikanischer Mathematiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tucker — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abi Tucker (* 1973 als Abigail Anne Tucker), australische Schauspielerin und Rocksängerin Albert William Tucker (1905–1995), US amerikanischer Mathematiker Audrey Tucker (* um 1957), australische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tucker — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Food 3 Fictional characters 4 Places 5 Film and television …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.