Phlebitis


Phlebitis

eMedicine2|med|3201 | MeshID = D010689

Phlebitis is an inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs.

When phlebitis is associated with the formation of blood clots (thrombosis), usually in the deep veins of the legs, the condition is called thrombophlebitis.

Etiology

*Bacterial: Pathogenic organisms can gain access and stimulate inflammation.
*Chemical: caused by irritating or vesicant solutions.
*Mechanical: physical trauma from the skin puncture and movement of the cannula into the vein during insertion; any subsequent manipulation and movement of the cannula; clotting; or excessively large cannula.
*Medications including Celebrex, Olanzepine, antidepressants, and others.
*Lupus
*Genetic as it is known to run in families.

igns and Symptoms

* Redness (erythema) and warmth with a temperature elevation of a degree or more above the baseline
* Pain or burning along the length of the vein
* Swelling (edema)

* Vein being hard, and cordlike
* If occurring due to an intravenous infusion line, then slowed infusion rate

Notable cases

* Former United States President Richard Nixon and former Vice President Dan Quayle suffered from phlebitis.
* Truman Capote, famed author of "In Cold Blood" and many other works, suffered from phlebitis. Pablo Neruda, the famous poet, also suffered from it.
* During the shooting of Sense and Sensibility (1995), actress Kate Winslet, who played the role of Marianne Dashwood, suffered from phlebitis.
* Mario Lanza suffered from phlebitis, and his cause of death in 1959 was from a blood clot going from his leg to his lungs.
* Orson Welles also suffered from chronic phlebitis and it may have contributed to his death in 1985, as it is listed on his death certificate. [http://www.findadeath.com/Deceased/w/orson/dc.jpg]

Cultural references

* The condition was detailed in "The Dharma Bums" and other writings by Beat author Jack Kerouac, who suffered from the disease probably brought on by years of benzedrine and alcohol abuse.
* In Henry Morton Robinson's best selling 1949 novel "The Cardinal", (later made into a motion picture by Otto Preminger), a severe case of phlebitis is a prominent plot device as sustained by the main protagonist Stephen Fermoyle.
* In the Seinfeld episode The Shower Head Jerry's Mother tells Jerry that Morty's "Phlebitis is acting up."
* In The Simpsons episode Bart Gets an F, the school nurse believes Bart has phlebitis.
* In All in the Family episode "Too Good Edith", Edith has phlebitis.
* Peter Boyle's character on Everybody Loves Raymond suffers from phlebitis. Or at least it is used as an excuse for getting out of undesirable family functions.
* In King Of The Hill, when Mr. Strickland took bible study class in the pool with Luanne, Hank noted that it was "good for his phlebitis".
* In the M*A*S*H episode "The Young and the Restless", Colonel Potter suffers through a bout of phlebitis, aggravated by his initial refusal to acknowledge his condition.
* In Futurama, Richard Nixon's head reminisces about his "Good Republican body" that was "riddled with phlebitis."

See also

* Collapsed vein

References

Intravenous Infusion Therapy for Nurses (Second Edition) by Dianne L. Josephson (ISBN 1-4018-0935-9)

External links

* [http://www.mothernature.com/Library/Bookshelf/Books/62/73.cfm Phlebitis at MotherNature.com]
* [http://www.emedicinehealth.com/articles/11161-1.asp eMedicine Health: Phlebitis] provides an overview of phlebitis and its causes, symptoms, and treatment.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Phlebitis — Phle*bi tis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a vein + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a vein. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Phlebītis — (griech.), Entzündung der Venen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • phlebitis — (n.) 1822, Modern Latin, from Gk. phleps (gen. phlebos) vein + ITIS (Cf. itis) inflammation …   Etymology dictionary

  • phlebitis — ► NOUN Medicine ▪ inflammation of the walls of a vein. ORIGIN from Greek phleps vein …   English terms dictionary

  • phlebitis — [flə bīt′is] n. [ModL: see PHLEBO & ITIS] inflammation of a vein or veins phlebitic [flēbit′ik, flibit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Phlebitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 I80 Thrombose, Phlebitis und Thrombophlebitis I82.1 Thrombophlebitis migrans O08.7 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • phlebitis — phlebitic /fleuh bit ik/, adj. /fleuh buy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a vein, often occurring in the legs and involving the formation of a thrombus, characterized by swelling, pain, and change of skin color. [1815 25; < NL; see PHLEB , ITIS] …   Universalium

  • Phlebitis — Inflammation of a vein. With phlebitis, there is infiltration of the walls of the vein and, usually, the formation of a clot (thrombus) in the vein (thrombophlebitis). Phlebitis in a leg, for example, will cause the leg to swell with edema fluid… …   Medical dictionary

  • phlebitis — n. inflammation of the wall of a vein, which is most commonly seen in the legs as a complication of varicose veins. A segment of vein becomes painful and tender and the surrounding skin feels hot and appears red. Thrombosis commonly develops (see …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Phlebitis — Venenentzündung * * * Phle|bi|tis 〈f.; , ti|den〉 = Venenentzündung [zu grch. phleps, Gen. phlebos „Blutader“] * * * Phlebitis   die, /... tiden, die Venenentzündung. * * * Phle|bi|tis, die; , ...itiden (Med.): Venenentzündung …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.