- Feminist art movement
160pxThe feminist art movement refers to the efforts and accomplishments of feminists internationally to make art that reflects women's lives and experience as well as to change the foundation for the production and reception of contemporary art; it also sought to bring more visibility to women within
art historyand art practice. Corresponding with general developments within feminism, the movement began in the late 1960s and flourished throughout the 1970s as an outgrowth of the so-called third wave of feminism; its effects continue to the present. The strength of the feminist movement allowed for the flowering and visibility of many new types of work by women, but also including a whole range of new practices by men.
A small number of mostly American women, among the many thousands associated with feminist art, are artists
Judy Chicagoand Miriam Schapiro, founders of the first known Feminist Art Program (in California), Suzanne Lacy, Faith Wilding, Martha Rosler, Mary Kelly, Kate Millett, Nancy Spero, Faith Ringgold, June Wayne, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Dara Birnbaum, art-world agitators The Guerrilla Girls and critics, historians, and curators Lucy Lippard, Griselda Pollock, Arlene Raven, Catherine de Zegher, and Eleanor Tufts. The Woman's Buildingwas an important center of the Los Angeles feminist artist movement in the 1970s and 1980s in which informal meetings, workshops, performances, and exhibitions regularly took place. The Women's Interart Center in New York, founded in the 1970s in New York City, is still in operation. The Women's Video Festival was held yearly for a number of years in the early 1970s, also in New York City. Many women artists organized and working groups, collectives, and nonprofit galleries in locales around the world.
Inside the Visible, curated by Catherine de Zegher in 1996 at the Institute for Contemporary Art (ICA), Boston, exhibited works by 35 international women artists from the 30s, the 70s, and the 90s and presented a new theoretical interpretation for the art of the twentieth century ("Inside the Visible," MIT press). The book "Women Artists at the Millennium" (Carol Armstrong and de Zegher, MIT Press/October books, 2006) was based on a conference of historians and artists held at Princeton University in 2001. [http://www.moca.org/wack/ Wack! Art and the Feminist Revolution] , (2007) curated by Connie Butler for Los Angeles' Geffen Center, or Museum of Contemporary Art
MOCA, a recent, more comprehensive, historical exhibition, examines the international foundations and legacy of feminist art, focusing on the period 1965–1980, during which the majority of feminist activism and artmaking occurred. The exhibition, which is currently (April 2008) in its third venue, at PS1 in New York City, focuses on artists from the United States but also includes the work of a number of women from Central and Eastern Europe, Canada, Latin America, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. Inclusion in these shows and books did not suggest that the women have announced an "allegiance" to feminism but only that the work has been deemed important and influential. Feminist artist, particularly those living in Europe, have a significant presence in so-called new media (electronic media and internet-based work).
New Media art
* [http://feministartproject.rutgers.edu/about/?page=9 Feminist Art Project Timeline]
* [http://feministartproject.rutgers.edu/ Feminist Art Project (Rutgers University)]
* [http://www.womansbuilding.org/ The Woman's Building (Los Angeles)]
* [http://womansbuilding.org/fromsitetovision/ "From Site to Vision", a complete e-book about the Los Angeles Woman's Building]
* [http://www.nationalwca.com/ Women's Caucus for Art]
* [http://www.nyfai.org/ New York Feminist Art Institute]
* [http://www.judychicago.com/ Judy Chicago]
* [http://www.rochester.edu/in_visible_culture/Issue4-IVC/de_Zegher.html In: "In Visible Culture" Catherine de Zegher presents feminist art theory and women artists]
* [http://www.ktpress.co.uk/ n.paradoxa:international Feminist Art Journal] - The only known international journal addressing the work of contemporary women artists and feminist theory, founded in December 1996.
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