- Ford Focus (international)
:"This is the article about the European and worldwide Ford Focus. For the Focus sold in North America, see
Ford Focus (North America)."
name = Ford Focus (International)
Ford Motor Company
production = 1998-present
predecessor = Ford Escort (
Europe) Ford Laser( Asiaand Oceania)
class = Compact
Small family car
body_style = 3- and 5-door
Saarlouis, Germany Setubal, Portugal
Spain Santa Rosa, Laguna, Philippines General Pacheco, Argentina Chongqing, China Vsevolozhsk, Russia Pretoria, South Africa
designer = John DoughtyCite web|url=http://www.autoworld.com/news/Ford/2000Focus.htm|title=2000 Ford Focus - Raising the Standard for Small Cars|accessdate=2008-05-24|work=autoworld.com]
The Ford Focus is a
small family carmade by Ford and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. It was launched in 1998 in Europeand 2002 in Australia. Since then, it has become the United Kingdom's best selling car, following in the success of its predecessor, the Escort. In 2001 and 2002, the Focus was the world’s best selling car.Fact|date=March 2007 A new version of the Focus (Mk 2) was launched in Europe in January 2005 and a face lifted version in January 2008.
Europe, South America, North Americaand South Africa, the Focus replaced the Ford Escort. In Australia, New Zealandand Japan, it replaced the Ford Laser.
Ford Focus Mark 1 (1998–2004)
Infobox Automobile generation
name = First generation
production = 1998–2004
platform = Ford C170 platform
body_style = 3- and 5-door
engine = 1.4 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.6 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.8 L I4 Zetec-E
1.8 L I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4 Zetec-E
wheelbase = auto mm|2615|0
Hatchback: auto mm|4175|0
Saloon: auto mm|4380|0
Estate: auto mm|4455|0
width = auto mm|1700|0
Hatchbackand saloon: auto mm|1440|0
Estate: auto mm|1460|0
weight = convert|1150|kg|lb|0|abbr=on-convert|1364|kg|lb|0|abbr=on
Ford Focus (North America)
Citroën Xsara Fiat Stilo Honda Civic Nissan Almera Opel Astra Peugeot 306 Peugeot 307 Renault Mégane SEAT León Škoda Octavia Toyota Corolla Volkswagen Golf
Design and engineering
Codenamed CW170 during its development, and briefly known to some Ford contractors as the Ford Fusion Fact|date=March 2007, the original Focus took its eventual name from a
Ghiaconcept car which was shown at the Geneva Motor Show in 1991. Certain elements of the design had been seen even earlier in prototypes used by Ford to demonstrate forthcoming safety features, such as the eye-level rear lighting clusters. Initial spy photographs of the car seen in 1995 showed a continuation of Ford's New Edgestyling philosophy, first seen in the Ford Kain 1996, and Ford Cougarin 1998.
The decision to call the new car the Ford Focus was made in early 1998, as Ford's overheads had been planning to keep the Escort nameplate for its new generation of small family cars.
The interior of the car was also radically styled featuring many curves and sweeping lines. Although the design was clearly influenced by the Ka the interior design was more akin to those of American cars, in the same way the original
Ford Mondeowas.POV-statement|date=September 2008
The Focus also introduced high specification components. The car featured a highly sophisticated fully independent multi-link rear suspension (dubbed "Control Blade") which was derived from the system used on the
Ford Mondeoestate and was intended to give the car class-leading handling and ride. Although fully independent multi-link rear suspension is costly, Ford managed to design and produce the suspension in an ingenious and cost effective way by using pressed metal techniques. Until then a high proportion of other cars in the class had used Twist-beam rear suspensions [cite web
title=Spicer Twist Beam Axles
publisher=dana.com] , or other beam type suspensions.
The motoring press praised the handling and ride of the Ford Focus for its rare mix of passenger comfort and lively driver responsiveness which was considered far superior to its rivals at the time (such as the
Opel Astraand especially the Mk 4 Volkswagen Golf). [cite web
title=Ford Focus Hatchback (98-04) Review
publisher=parkers.co.uk] The reviews also hailed the Focus' independent rear suspension, performance and accommodation. The interior design polarised opinion largely due to the curves and sweeping lines. The quality of the interior materials was criticised relative to the Opel Astra and even more so relative to the Mk 4 Volkswagen Golf, although the Mk4 Golf was considerably more expensive than the Focus from new. Fact|date=March 2007
The Mk 1 Ford Focus received 4 out of 5 stars for occupant safety, and 2 out of 4 stars for pedestrian safety in its
EuroNCAPtests (69% frontal, 83% side, 28% pedestrian). [cite web
title=Euro NCAP - For safer cars - Ford Focus 1999
EuroNCAP] In Australia, the 2002–2005 Ford Focus was assessed in the Used Car Safety Ratings 2006 as providing "average" protection for its occupants in the event of a crash. [cite web
title=Light & small cars' Used Car Safety Ratings
In 2001 the Mk 1 Focus was subtly facelifted. Changes included:
*Revised headlamps with integrated indicators and separate main and dipped bulbs
*Revised bumpers without indicators, but with the addition of removable bump strips
*Revised upper and lower grille and fog lights
*Optional Xenon headlights
*Optional 6-disc CD changer
*Optional Navigation System
*Optional Digital Climate Control
*Features of certain trim levels changed
*Modified centre console with rubber cup holders
*Different centre dash colours
*New seat trims
*Different instrument cluster finishes
*Damped and lit glovebox
*Rear power point
*TDCi Engine introduced to the range
*Versatility Pack Option added
flexfuelengine was introduced, based on the European Zetec1.6 L version. This could use both petroland bioethanol, but only on the Swedish market. This version is still available in some countries despite the advent of an all-new Mk 2 Focus.Fact|date=March 2007
Petrol engines available were the well-proven 1.8 L and 2.0 L Zetec-E units from the
Ford Mondeoand 1.4 L and 1.6 L versions of the Zetec-SE units found in the Ford Fiestaand Ford Puma. The ST170 and RS performance models used modified versions of the 2.0 L Zetec-E. Originally, the only diesel engine available was the Endura TDDI (a development of the old Deutz-designed motor which Ford had been using since the 1980s). This was replaced in 2002 by the Duratorq TDCI.
Trim levels (European)
*CL (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate (1.6 only available in
UKin 5-door estate)
*LX (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3-door hatchback, 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate
*Zetec (1.4 petrol, 1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
*Ghia (1.6 petrol, 1.8 petrol, 2.0 petrol, 1.8 turbodiesel), 5-door hatchback, 4-door saloon, 5-door estate.
*ST170 (2.0 petrol), 3/5-door hatchback, 5-door estate
*RS (2.0 turbo petrol), 3-door hatchback (In production from 2002–2004)
Adapted from the Facelift Mk 1 Focus, the ST170 had the following cosmetic revisions: 17" Multi-Spoke Alloy Wheels; Alarm; Side Airbags; Optional
Recaroleather seats; Optional 9006 Stereo system with Subwoofer; and Locally developed bodykit (Australia only). The engine was developed by Cosworth and tuning bumped the horsepower from 130 to 170. Upgrades included: High-flow aluminum cylinder head; Variable valve timing; Dual state intake manifold; Stainless steel exhaust system; Sports catalytic converter; Larger brake discs (300mm front, 280mm rear); Getrag6 speed manual gearbox; and Revised power steering pump.
In 2002 the more
bespokeengineered and performance oriented RS badge made a return to a Ford product following the demise of the Escort RS 2000 in 1996. Using a turbocharged version of the 2.0 litre Zetec-E, the Focus RS produced roughly convert|212|hp|kW. A total of 4501 were produced at Ford's Saarlouisplant.
Mk 2 (2004-present)
Infobox Automobile generation
name = Second generation
production = 2004–present
Ford C1 platform
body_style = 3- and 5-door
engine = 1.4 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.6 L I4 Zetec-SE
1.6 L I4 Zetec-SE Ti-VCT
1.6 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.8 L I4 Duratec HE
1.8 L I4
1.8 L I4 Duratec HE Flexi-fuel
2.0 L I4 Duratec HE
2.0 L I4
2.5 L I5
wheelbase = auto mm|2640|0
Hatchback: auto mm|4340|0
Saloon: auto mm|4480|0
Estate: auto mm|4470|0
ST: auto mm|4360|0
Coupé cabriolet: auto mm|4510|0
width = Coupé cabriolet: auto mm|1835|0
Saloon, hatchback and estate: auto mm|1840|0
Hatchback: auto mm|1500|0
Saloon: auto mm|1495|0
Estate: auto mm|1500|0
Coupé cabriolet: auto mm|1455|0
weight = convert|1229|kg|lb|0|abbr=on-convert|1630|kg|lb|0|abbr=on
Ford C-MAX Ford Kuga Mazda3 Mazda5 Volvo C30 Volvo S40 Volvo V50
Fiat Stilo Honda Civic Kia Cee'd Opel Astra Peugeot 307 Renault Mégane SEAT León Škoda Octavia Toyota Auris Volkswagen Golf
The all-new Mk 2 Ford Focus was launched at the
Paris Motor Showon September 232004 as a three and five-door hatchback and an estate, although the new car was previewed, in 4-door saloon form, as the 'Focus Concept' developed by Ford Europe at the BeijingMotor Show in mid-2004.
Design and engineering
The basic suspension design, which contributed much to the Mk 1's success, has been carried over largely unchanged from its predecessor which, along with a 10% stiffer bodyshell, offers even better handling and ride according to Ford. The same body styles as the Mk 1 Focus were offered, though the saloon did not appear until mid-2005.
The Focus Mk 2 is much larger than its predecessor with a 25 mm (1 in) increase in wheelbase, 168 mm (6.6 in) longer, 8 mm (0.3 in) taller and 138 mm (5.4 in) wider. As a result the interior and boot space has increased. New technologies include a KeyFree system, a solar-reflect windshield, adaptive front lighting, Bluetooth hands-free phones and voice control for audio, telephone and climate control systems.
It also features either a
Durashift6-speed manual, Durashift4-speed automatic transmissionor the all-new Durashiftadvanced manual transmissionor just the standard manual.
Stylistically, the Mk 2's styling features the same design language found in the Mondeo and Fiesta. Although still recognisable as a Focus the new car uses styling features from the abandoned B-Proposal for the "original" Focus which never reached production.
The interior and dashboard follows on from the Mk 2 Mondeo and is constructed from higher quality plastics than before.
The Focus Mk 2 is also built in
South Africafor export to Australiaand New Zealand. However shortly after launch, Ford New Zealand surrendered its supply to satisfy Australia's high demand, and now receives vehicles from the German factory in Saarlouis. In 2006 the Mk 2 made its debut on the Americas, with its launch on the Mexican market as the 4 door Sedan or the sporty 3 door in ST trim, being the only market on the continent where Ford currently offers the model. The Mk 1 Focus is still available in some other markets worldwide such as Brazil, Argentinaand Chile. In Argentina, the Mk 1 Focus is build alongside the Mk 2 in the Pacheco Factory. In the U.S., the Mk 1 Focus is offered in a much revised form.
Dynamically, the Focus Mk 2 is held in high regard by the motoring press. Although they claim the latest generation Opel/Vauxhall/Holden Astra and
Volkswagen Golfhave much improved handling over their respective predecessors, they still were short of the all-round ability offered by the Mk 2 Focus. The Mk 2 Focus offers further improvements, including better handling and ride and, as with its predecessor, is regarded by critics as having the best chassis in its class. Although many journalists claim the rear-wheel drive BMW 1 Seriesoffers marginally better handling, and the Volkswagen Golf a slightly better ride, they proclaim the Focus still offers the best handling/ride compromise, and is superior even over its Mazda and Volvo cousins who share the same platform and suspension.
Styling-wise, like the Mk 2 Mondeo and Mk 3 Fiesta the Focus has been criticised by the motoring press for what some perceive as a lack of flair, originality and boldness compared to its predecessor's New Edge design although many critics do say the new model looks more mature.
The interior design has not faced such harsh criticism with many journalists believing it represents a significant improvement through more sober 'German' styling and, more importantly, better quality plastics than the first generation design, although the general consensus from journalists is that the Focus' interior is still a notch down from the Mk 5 Volkswagen Golf.
The second-generation Ford Focus sold in Australia did not feature side curtain SRS airbags (XR5 excluded) when launched in 2005, and due to this, the Focus sat behind many of its close rivals in terms of safety. The lack of side curtain SRS airbags was due to the fact that Australia receives the Focus from the factory in South Africa. This means the car is normally marked down in various car comparisons, despite being one of the best cars dynamically. [cite web
title=New Car Comparison
accessdate=2008-02-27] However, since August 2007 side curtain SRS airbags and Dynamic Stability Control have been available upon facelift.
The new car has gained the best ever
EuroNCAPratings for its class (5 stars for adult protection, 4 of 5 for child protection and 2 of 5 for pedestrian protection), [cite web
title=Euro NCAP - For safer cars - Ford Focus 2004
accessdate=2008-02-27] beating such contenders as the
Renault Méganeand Volkswagen Golf, including full (16/16) marks for the front impact test.
The engine line up for the Mk 2 is a mixture of old and new. Revised versions of the 1.4 L and 1.6 L all aluminium Zetec-SE engines from the previous generation Focus were carried over, although the units were now renamed
Duratec, with the addition of 1.6 L Duratec Ti-VCT engine with variable valve timing.
The 1.8 L and 2.0 L "Zetec" petrol engines of the original were heavily revised and renamed "Duratec HE". This engine is not based on a Mazda MZR engine as in the American Focus, and is very different to the smaller 1.25L, 1.4 L and 1.6 L Duratec engines (which are versions of the Yamaha-developed Sigma/Zetec-SE engines first used in the 97 facelift Fiesta).
PSA-developed "Duratorq" Dieselengine in 1.6 L convert|90|hp|abbr=on and convert|110|hp|abbr=on editions, Ford's own 'Lynx' Duratorq 1.8L convert|115|hp|abbr=on diesel carried over from the previous model and the PSA DW10 diesel in 2.0 L form rounds off the range in standard Focus guise (this is a different unit to the 'Puma' diesel in the Mondeo).
The main trim levels of the pre-facelift Focus Mk 2 in the
United Kingdomare listed below. For other countries, the range is either a cut down version of this list (e.g. for New Zealand) or it is almost completely different altogether (e.g. for South Africa, or Australia, which continues to use the old CL/LX/Zetec/Ghia trim levels)
*Studio (Base model)
*Style (adds alloy-style wheel trims, air-conditioning and a sports steering wheel)
*Zetec Climate (adds Sport Suspension and various interior/exterior styling enhancements, heated windscreen and air conditioning)
*Ghia (adds a great deal including alarm, auto-dimming rear-view mirror and only model to have
Cruise Controlas standard)
*Titanium (adds Sony
CD/ MP3player as standard, privacy glass and sports seats)
From September 2006, Ford revised the standard trim specifications slightly, to allow for the introduction of further options called X-Packs.
Ford unveiled a facelifted Mk2 Ford Focus at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007, to go on sale in early 2008 in the hatchback, estate and saloon bodystyles, with the Coupé-Cabriolet and ST to follow in Spring 2008. Went on sale in the UK on 2nd Feb 2008. Changes include:
*Cosmetically, the facelift brings the Focus in line with the "Kinetic Design" language seen on the 2007
Ford Mondeo, and 2006 Ford S-MAXand Ford Galaxy, whilst keeping with the general shape of the pre-facelift model. Every exterior panel (except the roof) underwent a reworking with the following key detail changes: trapezoidal grilles, swept back headlamps, bold wheel arches, newly shaped rear glass, a contoured tailgate and new tail lamps
*Greater use of soft-touch plastics in the interior
*Revised instrument binnacle and interior controls, now with red lighting
*New design centre console primarily for the top line Titanium trim and optional Zetec
*Ford PowerShift transmission (similar to Volkswagen's "DSG") added to range
*Introduction of a Ford Power Button
*Introduction of a 110PS version of the 2.0 Duratorq TDCi engine.
*Revised trim range consisting of Studio, Style, ECOnetic, Zetec, Titanium and ST trims.
Prices are set to be similar (if not identical) to that of the pre-facelift Focus, as its lead at the top of the British car sales charts has quickly been cut by the
Vauxhall Astrain the last couple of years.
Ford collaborated with dance floor superstar
Alesha Dixonin January 2008 to create an exclusive special edition remix and video to celebrate the launch of the new Ford Focus. [cite web
title=Strictly Star fronts Ford Focus Orcar-stra
In 2005 Ford unveiled a
hot hatchversion of the Mk 2 Focus. Called Focus ST, and available in either three or five door hatchback variant, the car uses the same T5 enginefrom the Volvo S40/V50 T5 models, a turbocharged2.5 L 5-cylinder engine producing convert|225|hp|kW PS|abbr=on. The Ford Focus Mk 2 ST is also known as the XR5 Turbo in the Australian and New Zealand market, but is sold as a five door hatchback only. According to Top Gear a new version called ST260 will appear in 2008 with a convert|260|hp|kW PS|abbr=on version of the same engine. [cite news
title=ST gets focussed
The Focus Coupé-Cabriolet, a two-piece
retractable hardtop, was introduced at the Geneva Motor Showin February 2006 and went on sale in October 2006. Originally named the Vignale by designer Pininfarina, it was previewed at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show. Pininfarina performs final assembly. Ford plans to sell about 20,000 annually in Europe.
In February 2008, Ford revealed a new Focus Coupé-Cabriolet sporting the new 'Kinetic Design' front end of the generic Ford Focus. Notably however, unlike the generic Focus models, the side and rear body panels were not changed, and neither were the door mirrors upgraded to the new-style units, as on the rest of the new Focus models. Nor were bodyside mouldings removed, as with the rest of the Focus range. Some press outlets had expected such changes in line with the rest of the range.
Shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2007 as part of the facelifted range, the Focus ECOnetic is an emissions-friendly model, similar to Volkswagen's "
BlueMotion" range, using a 109PS 1.6 Duratorq TDCi engine with a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF). Aerodynamic features including low-resistance tyres contribute to 65mpg fuel consumption figure with average CO2 emissions of 115g/km.
Focus RS Mk 2
On December 17 2007 Ford of Europe confirmed that a Mk 2 Focus RS will be launched in 2009. The press release also notes that a concept version of the RS is due in mid-2008. [cite web
title=FORD CONFIRMS NEW HIGH PERFORMANCE FOCUS RS IS ON THE WAY
publisher=media.ford.com] Contrary to numerous rumours and speculation [cite news
title=It's official: Focus RS on the way
publisher=topgear.com] [cite news
publisher=autoexpress.co.uk] [cite news
title=Ford Focus RS
publisher=carmagazine.co.uk] the RS was announced by Ford to have a conventional FWD layout with an upgraded Volvo T5 engine, gearbox, suspension, and LSD. [cite news|url=http://paultan.org/archives/2008/07/04/new-ford-focus-rs-unveiled-with-300-ps-inline-5/|title=New Ford Focus RS unveiled with 300 PS inline-5|date=2008-07-04|accessdate=2008-07-04|publisher=
Reports have repeatedly surfaced that the third generation will debut in 2009 or 2010. This generation is to re-unite the International Ford Focus with the North American Ford Focus. [cite news
title=Big plans for tiny Focus
July 23, 2007, Australian Industry Minister Ian MacFarlane announced that the next generation Ford Focus would be built at Ford Australia's Broadmeadows manufacturing plant from 2011. [cite news
title=Ford shifts focus to new car
The first Focus World Rally Car made its debut in
rallyingand the World Rally Championshipon the 1999 Monte Carlo Rallywith Colin McRaeand Simon Jean-Josephat the wheels of the two cars, replacing, for the first time in a generation, the venerable Escort. It was immediately on the pace, setting many fastest stage times, but a vehicle weight issue meant that the two cars were excluded from that event. McRae went on to give the Focus WRC its maiden victory on the Safari Rallyin February of the same year and took victory again in the following rally, the Rally Portugal.
The MkI Focus WRC went on scoop further victories over the years for McRae,
Carlos Sainzand Markko Märtinfrom then until it was phased out in favour of the MkII offering in late 2005. [cite news
title=Ford drivers excited by new Focus debut.
publisher=crash.net] This car, a winner in both
Marcus Grönholm's and Mikko Hirvonen's hands in the two-car factory BP-Ford World Rally Teamthat contested the 2006 World Rally Championship season, duly racked up the manufacturers' title, [cite news
title=Wilson Sr: I will treasure this moment forever.
publisher=crash.net] spelling the end of a formidable twenty-seven year wait for such an honour in this series for the Blue Oval. The team successfully defended the manufacturers' title in the 2007 season. [cite news
title=Ford secures manufacturers' title - again.
All the rally cars are built, prepared and run for Ford by
M-Sport, the motorsport team based in Cockermouth, Cumbriain Northern England. The team is managed by Malcolm Wilson, a well known former British rally driver. [cite web
title=BP-Ford Abu Dhabi World Rally Team
Besides rallies, the Focus has also been used in the SCCA Speed World Challenge Touring Car Series.
Overall sales and history
Europe, the hatchbackis the biggest selling body style. Ford attempted to market the saloon in Europe as a mini- executive carby only offering it in the Ghia trim level, something that it had tried before with the Orion of the 1980s. It has since given up on this strategy, and has started selling lower specified versions of the saloon.
Despite its radical styling (the hatchback version in particular), and some controversial safety recalls in North America, the car has been a runaway success across the globe, even in the United States, where Ford has traditionally failed to successfully sell its European models. This was the best-selling car in the world in 1999 through 2004. It was elected
Car of the Yearin 1999. The Focus won the " North American Car of the Year" award for 2000.
The Focus, unlike the Escort, was never offered in a
panel vanbody style in the U.S.; however, a commercial Focus is available in Europe.
Ford was therefore left without a light-duty commercial vehicle when the Escort finally went out of production in 2000. The purpose-designed Transit Connect, introduced in 2002, largely served as its replacement. A
convertibleversion was another notable omission that was rectified with the Mk2 Coupe-Cabriolet.
The European Focus would also suffer from some recall issues, but in 2002, according to German reports and surveys, the Focus was claimed to be the most reliable car between one and three years old in the German car market. [cite web
title=Focus TÜV Award
publisher=ffoc.co.uk] This was a remarkable feat as the Focus was competing against German prestige manufacturers as well as
Japanese manufacturers, all of which have strong reputations for quality and reliability.
Since its launch in 1998 the Focus Mk I has won over 60 awards including 13 Car of the Year awards in both Europe and North America, and more recently, the best
family carever (Autocar UK 2003). In 2005, in a poll by the Men & MotorsTV channel in the UK, it was placed 19th in the nation's favourite 100 cars of all time. Auto Expressin 2005 hailed the European Focus Mk 2 "Supreme Champion" in its New Car of the Year awards. The Focus also won the subcategory of Best Compact Family Car in the same awards. What green carin 2008 named the "green" version of the Focus, The Ford Focus ECOnetic as its Green Car of the year 2008. It won for its class-leading low emissions and high fuel economy [ [http://www.whatgreencar.com/news-item.php?Ford-Focus-ECOnetic-Green-Car-of-the-Year-08 Focus ECOnetic Green Car of the Year 2008 ] ] .
Focus in the UK
The first British buyers of the Focus took delivery of their cars during the autumn of 1998. Its predecessor, the Escort, continued in limited production alongside the Focus for two years, as the Focus was a distinctive design that Ford feared might take time for buyers to get used to.
But the Focus quickly became popular thanks to its competitive asking price, sharp handling, generous equipment, spacious interior and comfortable seats. It has been Britain's best-selling new car every year since 1999, and the second generation model (on sale since the end of 2004) has just strengthened its position.
The majority of motoring surveys have given the Focus a good rating for reliability, build quality, driver appeal and overall satisfaction, and helped it compete with reputable
Japanese and German brands in terms of quality.
In November 2007, the
BBCreported Sheffield Universitysurvey data as showing that 40% of UK families owned two cars, and one was 'likely to be a Focus'. [cite news
title=The UK family: In statistics
The Focus was Britain's best selling car once again for 2007 - the ninth successive year that it has achieved this success. It is now just one year away from achieving the Ford Cortina's record of ten successive years as Britain's best selling car. [cite news
title=New car sales 2007: The results
Ford Focus FFV( Flexible-fuel vehicle).
Ford Fusion (European)
Ford Focus (North America)
* [http://www.ford.com/about-ford/company-information/ford-international-websites Official Ford website]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZfjgumCmTc Video footage of the Ford Focus XR5 EuroNCAP crash test]
* [http://www.fordst170.co.uk Ford Focus ST170 information]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/2402217.stm Ford recalls almost 600,000 cars]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/396061.stm Ford recalls Focus cars]
* [http://www.parkers.co.uk/choosing/carreviews/review.aspx?model_id=1321 Ford Focus hatchback (2005)] UK roadtest and specs
* [http://www.strikeengine.com/ford_focus_rs/buying_guide Strike Engine - Ford Focus RS Buying Guide]
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