Adelaide of Susa


Adelaide of Susa
Adelaide of Susa

Adelaide of Susa (also Adelheid, Adelais, or Adeline; ca. 1014/1020 – 19 December 1091[1]) was the Marchioness of Turin from 1034 to her death. She moved the seat of the march from Turin to Susa and settled the itinerant court there. She was the last of the Arduinici.

Contents

Biography

Born in Turin to Ulric Manfred II and Bertha, daughter of Oberto II around 1014/1020, Adelaide's early life is not well known. Her only brother predeceased her father in 1034, though she had two younger sisters, Immilla and Bertha. Thus, on Ulric's death, the great margraviate was divided between his three daughters, though the greatest part by far went to Adelaide. She received the counties of Ivrea, Auriate, Aosta, and Turin. The margravial title, however, had primarily a military purpose at the time and, thus, was not considered suitable for a woman.

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, therefore arranged a marriage between Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia, to serve as margrave of Turin after Ulric's death (1034). The two were married in January 1037, but Herman died of the plague while fighting at Naples in July 1038.[2]

Adelaide remarried in order to secure her vast march to Henry of Montferrat (1041), but he died in 1045 and left her a widow for the second time. Immediately, a third marriage was undertaken, this time to Otto of Savoy (1046). With Otto she had three sons, Peter I, Amadeus II, and Otto. She also had two daughters, Bertha and Adelaide. Bertha, the countess of Maurienne, married the Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, while Adelaide married Rudolf of Rheinfeld, who opposed Henry as King of Germany.

After 1060, Adelaide acted as regent for her sons. In 1068, Henry tried to divorce Bertha and consequently drove Adelaide to an intense hatred of him and his family. However, through the intervention of Bertha, Henry received Adelaide's support when he came to Italy to submit to Pope Gregory VII and Matilda of Tuscany at Canossa. Adelaide and Amadeus accompanied the humiliated emperor to Canossa. In gratitude for her mediation, Henry donated Bugey to Adelaide and her family and took back Bertha as his wife, returning to Germany.

Adelaide later played the mediator between her two royal sons-in-law, Henry and the aforementioned Rudolf during the wars of the 1080s in Germany. She was an opponent of the Gregorian reform, though she honoured the papacy, and defender of the autonomy of abbacies.

In 1091, Adelaide died, to the general mourning of her people, and was buried in the parochial church of Canischio (Canisculum), a small village on the Cuorgnè in the Valle dell'Orco, to which she had retired in her later years.[3] In the cathedral of Susa, in a niche in the wall, there is a statue of walnut wood, beneath a bronze veneer, representing Adelaide, genuflecting in prayer. Above it can be read the inscription: Questa è Adelaide, cui l'istessa Roma Cole, e primo d'Ausonia onor la noma.

Personality

Adelaide had passed her childhood amongst the retainers of her father and had even learned the martial arts when young, bearing her own arms and armour. She was reputed to be beautiful and virtuous. She was pious, putting eternal things ahead of temporal. Strong in temperament, she did not hesitate to punish even the bishops and grandees of her realm. She patronised the minstrels and always received them at her court, urging them to compose songs emphasising religious values. She was a founder of cloisters and monasteries that transmitted the history of the region. One failure of Adelaide's career was the loss of the County of Albon.

Family

Adelaide and Herman IV, Duke of Swabia had at least three children:

  • Gebhard I, Count of Sulzbach
  • Adalbert I, Count of Windberg
  • Adelaide, married Hermann von Peugen

Adelaide and Otto of Savoy had five children:

Notes

  1. ^ Also given as 27 December.[1]
  2. ^ Herman is stated to have died after eighteen months of matrimony in July 1038.[2]
  3. ^ Her burial is also placed in the former abbey church of San Giusto, Susa, now Susa Cathedral, or in Turin Cathedral[3].

External links


Preceded by
Ulric Manfred II
Marchioness of Turin and Susa
1034-1091
Succeeded by
Otto I

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Susa (Piemont) — Susa Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Italien/Wartung/Wappen fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adelaide (disambiguation) — Adelaide is the English form of a Germanic given name, from Old High German Adalheidis nobility . The name Addie is a diminutive of Adelaide. French: Adélaïde or Adélaide ; the modern German form is Adelheid . Heidi, a nickname for Adelheid,… …   Wikipedia

  • Adelaide of Maurienne — Adelaide of Savoy or Adelaide of Maurienne (Italian: Adelaide di Savoia or Adelasia di Moriana , French: Adélaïde or Adèle de Maurienne ; 1092 ndash;November 18, 1154) was the daughter of Humbert II of Savoy and Gisela of Burgundy, and niece of… …   Wikipedia

  • Susa (TO) — Infobox CityIT img coa =Susa Stemma.gif official name = Comune di Susa name = Susa region = Piedmont province = Turin (TO) elevation m = 503 area total km2 = 11.26 mapx=45.17|mapy=7.07 name=Susa population as of = December 31, 2004 population… …   Wikipedia

  • Susa Cathedral — The Cathedral of San Giusto is the main religious edifice in Susa, Piedmont, in northern Italy.The church was erected around 1100 and was later restored several times. Until 1772, when it became a bishopric seat, the church was part of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Adelheid von Susa — Adelaide of Susa Adelheid von Susa (auch Adelheid, Adelais oder Adeline; * um 1014/1020; † 19. Dezember 1091[1]) war seit 1034 bis zu ihrem Tod die Markgräfin von Turin. Sie verlegte den Regierungssitz von Turin nach Susa und richtete hier den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diocese of Susa —     Diocese of Susa     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Diocese of Susa     (SEGUSIN; SEGUSIENSIS)     Diocese in the Province of Turin, Piedmont, Northern Italy. The city is situated at an elevation of about 1600 feet above sea level, in a wide valley …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Segusio — Susa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Этаж наследия — «Этаж наследия» (англ. Heritage Floor)  композиция, составляющая единый объект с инсталляцией «Званый ужин» Джуди Чикаго, отдающей дань уважения достижениям и тяготам женского труда и имеющей форму треугольного банкетного стола на 39… …   Википедия

  • Ulric Manfred II of Turin — Ulric Manfred II (or Olderico Manfredi II or Manfredo Udalrico; 992 – 29 October 1034) was the Margrave of Turin and Susa in the early 11th century. Contents 1 Biography 2 Family 3 Sources 4 Notes …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.