Pālivasso, Sanskritunicode|varṣaḥ, both "rain", _th. พรรษา, "pansa" or "phansaa"; _my. ဝါဆိုး), also called Rains Retreat, is the traditional retreat during the rainy seasonlasting for three lunar months from July to October. During this time Buddhist monks remain in a single place, generally in their temples. In some monasteries, monks dedicate the Vassa to intensive meditation. During Vassa, many Buddhist lay people reinvigorate their spiritual training and adopt more ascetic practices, such as giving up meat, alcohol, or smoking (Vassa is therefore sometimes known as "Buddhist Lent"). And in countries such as Thailand, the laitywill often take monastic vowsfor period of Vassa and return to lay life afterwards. Commonly, the number of years a monk has spent in monastic life is expressed by counting the number of Vassas he has observed.
The Vassa retreat has largely been given up by
MahayanaBuddhists, as Mahayana Buddhism has typically flourished in regions without a rainy season, however for Mahayana schools such as Zenand Tibetan Buddhismother forms of retreat are common.
The observation of Vassa is said to originate with the Buddha himself.
Gautama Buddhaordered his disciples to observe a pre-existing practice whereby holy men avoided travel for a three month period during the rainy season, in order to avoid damaging crops.
Vassa begins on the first day of the waning
moonof the eighth lunar month; the preceding day is Asalha Puja. The focus of celebration by the laity is the first day of Vassa (or Wan Kao Pansa) during which worshippers donate candles and other necessities to temples, in a ceremony which has reached its most extravagant form in the Ubon Ratchathani Candle Festival.
Vassa is followed by two of the major
festivals of the year among TheravadaBuddhists, Wan Awk Pansaand Kathina.
The end of vassa is marked by joyous celebration. The following month, the
Kathinaceremony is held, during which the laity gathers to make formal offerings of robe cloth and other requisites to the Sangha.
* Thai Lunar Calendar
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZUM_Pcen-L8 Rains Retreat Music]
* [http://126.96.36.199/search?q=cache:Ve57ncW8ROIJ:www.asiantribune.com/index.php%3Fq%3Dnode/7732+antonio+graceffo+buddhist+lent&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1/ Antonio Graceffo writes about Vassa, Buddhist Lent]
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Vassa — (von Pāli vasso, Sanskrit varṣaḥ, beides etwa: Regen; Birmanisch: ဝါဆို, Khmer: វស្សា oder ព្រះវស្សា; Lao: ພັນສາ pʰán săː, manchmal ວັດສາ wāt săː; Thai: พรรษา … Deutsch Wikipedia
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vässa — v ( de, t) … Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok
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slipa — • vässa … Svensk synonymlexikon