Houses at Ressel Square
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Pardubice
District Chrudim
Commune Chrudim
River Chrudimka
Elevation 240 m (787 ft)
Coordinates 49°57′4″N 15°47′44″E / 49.95111°N 15.79556°E / 49.95111; 15.79556
Area 33.20 km2 (12.82 sq mi)
Population 23,484 (2006)
Density 707 / km2 (1,831 / sq mi)
First mentioned 995
Mayor Jan Čechlovský
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 537 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Chrudim
The Renaissance Mydlářs House - today a museum of puppetry
Church of Assumption

Chrudim (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxruɟɪm]) is a city in eastern Bohemia, in the Pardubice region of the Czech Republic.

The oldest archaeological findings which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC. Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today’s town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon after became to be a dowry town of Bohemian Queens.

During the reign of Maria Theresa, Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices. The town was not only the natural but also the administrative centre of Chrudim region. The 18th and especially the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements. The population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, and a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life also greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century. Remarkable number of schools and cultural and social events led Chrudim to well-known as “Athens of Eastern Bohemia”.

Famous people

  • Viktorin Kornel ze Všehrd (* cca 1460 at Chrudim, + Sept.,25,1520 at Prague), writer, lawyer, since 1484 Dean of Charles´ University at Prague
  • Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek (1783–1844), actor, theatre director
  • Josef Ressel (1793–1857), inventor. Gymnasium school in Chrudim is named after him.
  • Petr Průcha (1982 - ), KHL hockey player for SKA Saint Petersburg.
  • Dušan Salfický (1972 - ) Hockey player, goaltender

Twin cities

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chrudim — Chrudim …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Chrudim — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chrudim — Chrudim, 1) Bezirk (bis 1850 Kreis) im österreichischen Kreise Pardubitz (Böhmen); 91 QM., 54,000 czechische Ew.; 2) (Hrudim), Bezirksstadt darin, in getreidereicher Gegend, an der Chrudimka; Domkirche mit wunderthätigem Salvatorbilde, 5 andere… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chrudīm — Chrudīm, Stadt in Böhmen, liegt 270 m ü. M. an der Chrudimka, die oberhalb Hlinsko entspringt und nach 75 km langem Laufe bei Pardubitz in die Elbe mündet, an der Nordwestbahn (Linie Deutsch Brod Rositz) und der Staatsbahnlinie Heřmanměstetz… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chrudim — Chrudīm, Bezirksstadt in Böhmen, an der Chrudimka (zur Elbe), (1900) 13.017 E.; Roßmärkte …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chrudim — Chrudim, böhm. Stadt im Kreise Pardubitz an der Chrudinka, Sitz einer Bezirkshauptmannschaft und eines Bezirksgerichts, mit 6200 E.; Getreidebau, wichtige Pferdemärkte …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Chrudim — Original name in latin Chrudim Name in other language State code CZ Continent/City Europe/Prague longitude 49.95109 latitude 15.79558 altitude 274 Population 23630 Date 2013 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Chrudim — Sp Chrùdimas Ap Chrudim L Čekija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Chrudim — Chrụdim   [x ], Stadt im Ostböhmischen Gebiet, Tschechische Republik, an der Chrudimka, 24 400 Einwohner; Puppenspielmuseum; Maschinenbau (Seilbahnen), Textil und Nahrungsmittelindustrie.   Stadtbild:   Kirchen Mariä Himmelfahrt (14. Jahrhundert …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Chrudim District — Okres Chrudim   District   Chrudim town …   Wikipedia

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