A491 road


A491 road

UK road routebox
road= A491
length-mi= 12
length-km= 19
direction= South-North
start= Lydiate Ash
destinations= Stourbridge
end= Wall Heath
construction-date=
completion-date=
junctions= Junction 4
ukroadsmall|38
ukroadsmall|456
ukroadsmall|4036
ukroadsmall|458
ukroadsmall|451
ukroadsmall|461
ukroadsmall|449

The A491 is an A road in Zone 4 of the Great Britain numbering scheme.

History

The road north of Oldswinford forms part of an ancient road, probably of Anglo-Saxon origin, joining the burhs of Worcester and Stafford. The crossing of the River Stour was probably the swine-ford that gave rise to the placenames Kingswinford and Oldswinford, and later to the name Stourbridge. [P. W. King, 'Some roads out of north Worcestershire' "Transactions of Worcesterhire Archaeological Society" 3rd ser. 20 (2006), 88. ]

The road from Wordsley Green to the Market House in Stourbidge and so to Bromsgrove was turnpiked in 1753. The same act also dealt with several other roads from that Market House, as well as the road from Birmingham through Halesowen and Hagley to Blakedown Pool, but that was managed by separate trustees from 1773. [Statutes, 26 Geo. II, c.47; 13 Geo. III, c.107. ] Its continuation north of Wordsley Green, through Wolverhampton, and Stafford to Stone, much of it now part of A449 road was turnpiked by the Wolverhampton Turnpike Act of 1760. [Statute, 1 Geo. III, c.38. ]

In the original 1922 road numberings, A491 was the number assigned to the Shrewsbury - Welshpool - Mallwydd - Cemmaes Road route, now part of the A458 and A470. The route between Wall Heath and Bromsgrove was assigned the A449 number. [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =SABRE 1922 Road Lists
work =
publisher =
date =
url =http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/roadlists/1922.shtml
format =
doi =
accessdate =2008-09-20
]

Route

Lydiate Ash - Stourbridge

Starting at junction 4 of the M5, the road heads West on a single carriageway alignment, meeting the B4091 at a roundabout, then becoming a dual carriageway. There are local accesses for the villages of Belbroughton, Clent, Romsley and Holy Cross Following a roundabout in Hagley the A491 is concurrent with the A456 for a short period before heading North towards Stourbridge. At Pedmore the A4036 leaves at a roundabout towards Dudley. The A491 then continues to join the Stourbridge ring road.

tourbridge - Wall Heath

The A491 resumes again on the Northern side of the Stourbridge ring road. This final section is entirely single carriageway in an urban environment. The road passes through Amblecote, Wordsley and Kingswinford, passing numerous traffic light controlled junctions, before terminating on the A449 at a roundabout just North of Wall Heath.

Former Routes

Bypasses and Realignments

* Holy Cross (Now bypassed by a dual carriageway to the North)
* Stourbridge Town Centre (Traffic now uses the ring road)

Downgrading

* Fairfield - Finstall (Part of this route is now B4091, A448 and unclassified)

References

External Links

* [http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/roadlists/r10/notes.php?number=A491|SABRE Roads by 10 - A491]


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