- Joseph S. Clark
Infobox Senator | name=Joseph S. Clark
jr/sr=United States Senator
January 3, 1957– January 3, 1969
James H. Duff(R)
Richard S. Schweiker(R)
date of birth=birth date |1901|10|21
place of birth=
date of death=death date and age |1990|01|12|1901|10|21
place of death=Philadelphia
Joseph Sill Clark, Jr. (
October 21, 1901– January 12, 1990) was a U.S. lawyerand Democratic Party politicianin the mid-20th century. He served as the mayor of Philadelphia from 1952 until 1956, and as a United States Senator from Pennsylvaniafrom 1957 until 1969. Clark was the only Unitarian Universalistelected to a major Pennsylvania office in the modern era.
Clark was a native of
Philadelphia. After graduating from Middlesex School, he received his bachelor's degree "magna cum laude" from Harvard Universityin 1923 and his law degree from the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a member of St. Anthony Hall, in 1926. He was a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciencesand a member of the American Philosophical Society.
Clark began his career as a lawyer when, in 1941, he was called up to military service for
World War II, rising to colonelin the United States Army Air Forcesbefore mustering out in 1945. He won the Bronze Star, the Legion of Merit, and an honorary OBE for his wartime service in the China-Burma-India theater.
After the war, Clark became involved in Philadelphia city politics as a reform Democrat. Running against a long-entrenched and openly corrupt Republican machine, he won the
city controllerposition in 1949, then moving up to mayor three years later. His Administration was distinguished by a new Home Rule Charter, and by a newly-active Philadelphia City Planning Commission, led after 1949 by Edmund N. Bacon. On the strength of his mayoral record, he won the Democratic nomination for the U.S. Senate in 1956, and went on to beat incumbent James H. Duffin the general election. Clark was succeeded by his reform colleague H. Richardson Dilworth.
Clark won re-election to the Senate in 1962. Clark's relatively liberal record, including opposition to the
Vietnam War, and support for gun control after the assassinations of Sen. Robert F. Kennedyand Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., caused his defeat in the 1968 senatorial election to Republican Richard Schweiker, whose career in the Senate was as a liberal Republican.
After his defeat, Clark became president of World Federalists USA until 1971. He lived the rest of his life in Philadelphia, dying at age 88 on January 12, 1990.
*"The Senate Establishment" (1963)
*"Congress: The Sapless Branch" (1964)
*"Who's Who in America". Chicago : Marquis, 1984.
* [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000444 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: Clark, Joseph Sill]
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