C-RAM is an initiative taken in response to an operational needs statement made by the
Multinational Force Iraq(MNF-I). The directive arose in response to the increasing number of casualties caused by attacks using rockets, artillery, and mortars in Iraq. The land-based "Phalanx B" was subsequently deployed in Iraq in the summer of 2005. It protects the Green Zoneand Camp Victoryin Baghdad, Logistics Support Area Anacondain Balad, Iraq, and is also deployed by the British Armyin southern Iraq. Israelis considering buying the system to counter rocket attacks and defending point military installations. Each system costs $15 million, and uses a 20 mm M61A1 Gatling gunfiring 3,000 or 4,500 M-246or M-940rounds per minute. The shells are fused to self-destruct in the air. [ [http://www.murdoconline.net/archives/003558.html CIWS now does surface targets] Murdoc online, March 20, 2006] [ [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1196847389509&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FPrinter "Israel may buy rapid-fire cannon"] Jerusalem Post. Dec 20, 2007]
ystem components and users
Proposed systems are as follows:
Close-in weapon system, a land based variant of the US Navy anti-ship missiledefense system;
Skyshield, a German rotary wing air defense system.
*Active Protection System, developed by the
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agencyfor anti-tank missiledefense.
Initial military units to deploy C-RAM were:
United States Army Air Defense Artillery(ADA)
**C/5-5 ADA(Intercept Battery) out of
**4-5 ADA(Sense and Warn Detachment) out of
Fort Hood, Texas.
**C/3-4 ADA(Intercept Battery)out of
Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
**473rd (Sense and Warn Detachment) out of
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/cram.htm GlobalSecurity.org] 's article on Counter Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar (C-RAM)
* [http://peoc3t.monmouth.army.mil/cram/cram.html C-RAM Project] ,
Fort Monmouth, C4ISTAR
* [http://www.omgvids.com/def.php omgvids.com] Video of C-RAM system in action.
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