Job enrichment


Job enrichment

Job enrichment is an attempt to motivate employees by giving them the opportunity to use the range of their abilities. It is an idea that was developed by the American psychologist Frederick Herzberg in the 1950s. It can be contrasted to job enlargement which simply increases the number of tasks without changing the challenge. As such job enrichment has been described as 'vertical loading' of a job, while job enlargement is 'horizontal loading'.An enriched job should ideally contain:
* A range of tasks and challenges of varying difficulties
* A complete unit of work - a meaningful task
* Feedback, encouragement and communication

Techniques

Job enrichment, as a managerial activity includes a three steps technique:Fact|date=January 2008

1. Turn employees' effort into performance:
* Ensuring that objectives are well-defined and understood by everyone. The overall corporate mission statement should be communicated to all. Individual's goals should also be clear. Each employee should know exactly how he/she fits into the overall process and be aware of how important their contributions are to the organization and its customers.
* Providing adequate resources for each employee to perform well. This includes support functions like information technology, communication technology, and personnel training and development.
* Creating a supportive corporate culture. This includes peer support networks, supportive management, and removing elements that foster mistrust and politicking.
* Free flow of information. Eliminate secrecy.
* Provide enough freedom to facilitate job excellence. Encourage and reward employee initiative. Flextime or compressed hours could be offered.
* Provide adequate recognition, appreciation, and other motivators.
* Provide skill improvement opportunities. This could include paid education at universities or on the job training.
* Provide job variety. This can be done by job sharing or job rotation programmes.
* It may be necessary to re-engineer the job process. This could involve redesigning the physical facility, redesign processes, change technologies, simplification of procedures, elimination of repetitiveness, redesigning authority structures.

2. Link employees performance directly to reward:Fact|date=January 2008
* Clear definition of the reward is a must
* Explanation of the link between performance and reward is important
* Make sure the employee gets the right reward if performs well
* If reward is not given, explanation is needed

3. Make sure the employee wants the reward. How to find out?Fact|date=January 2008
* Ask them
* Use surveys( checklist, listing, questions)

Literature

*Feder, B.J. 2000, "F.I. Herzberg, 76, Professor And Management Consultant", "New York Times", Feb 1, 2000, pg. C26. Available from: ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851 - 2003). [28 October 2006] .
*Hackman, J.R. & Oldham, G.R. 1976, 'Motivation through the design of work: Test of a Theory”, "Organizational Behavior and Human Performance", [Online] , vol. 16, no. 2 , pp. 250-279. Available from: Science Direct. [1 November 2006] .
*Mione, P. 2006, [http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/ARossett/pie/Interventions/jobdesign_1.htm" Job Enrichment"] , Online paper.

References

See also

*Job enlargement
*Socio-technical systems
*Sociotechnical systems theory
*Two factor theory


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • job enrichment — job en‧rich‧ment [ dʒɒb ɪnˌrɪtʆmənt] [ $ˈdʒɑːb ] noun [uncountable] HUMAN RESOURCES when employees are given more rewarding work or more responsibility in their job, in an effort to make them feel happier and perform better: • There has been… …   Financial and business terms

  • job enrichment — An approach to job design that aims to increase motivation and job satisfaction by giving workers a greater level of autonomous decision making and personal control. For example, production line workers might be given responsibility for… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • Job Enrichment — Arbeitsbereicherung; Maßnahme der ⇡ Arbeitsgestaltung, die durch eine Erweiterung des Entscheidungs und Kontrollspielraums auf eine Verminderung der Arbeitsteilung abzielt. Verbindet sich häufig mit der Förderung der ⇡ Arbeitsmotivation und ⇡… …   Lexikon der Economics

  • Job-Enrichment — Jobenrichment (Arbeitsbereicherung) ist eine Strategie der Arbeitsstrukturierung im unipersonellen Arbeitsfeld. Die bisherige Tätigkeit eines Mitarbeiters wird um Arbeitsumfänge auf höherem Anforderungsniveau (siehe Anforderungsermittlung)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Job Enrichment — Jobenrichment (Arbeitsbereicherung) ist eine Strategie der Arbeitsstrukturierung im unipersonellen Arbeitsfeld. Die bisherige Tätigkeit eines Mitarbeiters wird um Arbeitsumfänge auf höherem Anforderungsniveau (siehe Anforderungsermittlung)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Enrichment — may mean: *Education. *The process of making enriched uranium, i.e. isotope separation. *The process of adding nutrients to cereals or grain (e.g. in enriched flour). *Environmental enrichment, the practice of providing animals under managed care …   Wikipedia

  • Job satisfaction — describes how content an individual is with his or her job. The happier people are within their job, the more satisfied they are said to be. Job satisfaction is not the same as motivation, although it is clearly linked. Job design aims to enhance …   Wikipedia

  • Job enlargement — means increasing the scope of a job through extending the range of its job duties and responsibilities. This contradicts the principles of specialisation and the division of labour whereby work is divided into small units, each of which is… …   Wikipedia

  • job satisfaction — The sense of fulfilment and pride felt by people who enjoy their work and do it well. This feeling is enhanced if the significance of the work done and its value are recognized by those in authority (see empowerment; motivation; self… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • Job Enlargement — Arbeitserweiterung, Arbeitsfeldvergrößerung; Arbeitsgestaltungsmaßnahme, die durch Vergrößerung der Vielfältigkeit der Arbeitsvollzüge auf eine Verringerung der horizontalen Arbeitsteilung und der ⇡ Monotonie abzielt. Vgl. auch ⇡… …   Lexikon der Economics


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.