- Isabella de Coucy
Isabella Plantagenet, also known as Dame Isabella de Coucy (
16 June 1332- either April 1379 or 1382), was the daughter of Edward III of Englandand Philippa of Hainaultand the wife of Enguerrand VII of Coucy.
Isabella was the royal couple's second child, and eldest daughter. Named after her paternal grandmother, Isabella is believed to have been her father's favourite daughter.
Woodstock Palace, in Oxfordshireon 16 June 1332, she was a pampered baby lying in a gilded cradle, lined with taffeta and covered with a fur coverlet. She wore gowns of Italian silk, embroidered with jewels and lined with fur. She had, along with her siblings, a household of servants which included a personal chaplain, musicians, a noble governor and governess and three waiting women as well as a staff of esquires, clerks, butlers, cooks, grooms, and other attendants. [ [Barbara W. Tuchman "A Distant Mirror", pages 215-16] Isabella spent her childhood in the household of William and Elizabeth St Omer, which also included Isabella's older brother Edward and younger sister Joan. When she was just 3 years old, her father attempted to arrange a marriage between Isabella and Pedro of Castile, the Castilian King's heir; however, Joan later became Pedro's chosen bride.
Described as being over-indulged, wilful, and wildly extravagant, Isabella - unusually for the times - remained unmarried until the age of 33. She had previously been the subject of various betrothal proposals, however, which had failed. She was physically described as dark-haired, dark-eyed and rather sallow in complexion. Eventually, she was permitted to marry
Enguerrand VII, Lord of Coucy, a wealthy French lord with whom she had fallen in love. He was a son of Enguerrand VI, Lord of Coucyand Katharina von Habsburg.
Her husband had been brought to
Englandin 1360 as a hostage exchanged for the freedom of John II of France, an English prisoner. They married on 27 July, 1365, at Windsor Castle. Her father, Edward III, gave her a large lifetime annual income, together with expensive amounts of jewelry and lands; de Coucy was restored his family lands in Yorkshire, Lancaster, Westmorlandand Cumberland, and was released as a hostage without any need for ransom.
In November 1365, Isabella and her husband were permitted to enter France; their first daughter, Marie, was born at the family lands at Coucy in April 1366. They later returned for a visit to England; on this occasion, Enguerrand was made
Earl of Bedfordon 11 May 1366, which made Isabella the Countess consort of Bedford as well as the Lady consort of Coucy. After the birth of Isabella's second daughter, Philippa, in 1367, Enguerrand and Isabella were also made Count and Countess of Soissons by Edward.
Because her husband also served the King of France as a military leader, he was frequently away from home; consequently, Isabella, though living principally with Enguerrand at Coucy, made frequent visits to her family in England. She was made a Lady of the Garter in 1376.
Isabella bore two children by her marriage to Enguerrand de Coucy:
* Marie de Coucy, also called
Marie de Bar(April 1366-1404). She married Henri de Bar, a nephew of Charles V of France. After her father's death, she disputed the inheritance of his lands with her stepmother, Isabelle of Lorraine, before dying suddenly. After her death, her patrimony was absorbed into the French royal estates.
Philippa de Coucy(1367-1411). She married Robert de Vere, the Earl of Oxford, in 1371, and lived thereafter in England.
Isabella was at her father's side when he died on
21 June 1377having been urgently summoned home from France by couriers the previous April. [Tuchman, page 318] After the accession of Richard II, Isabella's nephew, in August 1377, Enguerrand resigned all of his English ties and possessions. Isabella then died in England under mysterious circumstances, separated from her husband and eldest child. Her death was either in April 1379, or between 17 June and 5 October 1382. She was buried in Greyfriars Church, Greenwich, London.
Seven years after her death, her husband remarried, to Isabelle, daughter of
John I, Duke of Lorraineand Sophie of Württemberg.
Molly Costain Haycraft, daughter of noted Plantagenet historian Thomas B. Costain, wrote a fictionalized account of Isabella's life and courtship with her husband. Titled "The Lady Royal", the novel recounts several incidents in the lives of the princess and other members of Edward III's family. It is not to be interpreted as a bona fide biography, however, as it contains a number of errors. Chief among these is the explanation of the book's title; according to the story, Isabella (or Isabel, as she is identified in the story) was titled Princess Royaland later promoted to "Lady Royal" by her parents. This is impossible, given that the title of Princess Royal was not created until the reign of Charles I of England.
# Barbara W. Tuchman "A Distant Mirror",published by Alfred A. Knopf, New York,1978
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10188.htm#i101874 Isabella de Coucy on thepeerage.com]
* [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/14485?_fromAuth=1 Oxford Biography Entry]
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Isabella of England — For Isabella of England, the daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, see Isabella de Coucy. Infobox German Royalty|majesty|consort name=Isabella of England title= Holy Roman Emperess Queen consort of the Romans and Sicily… … Wikipedia
Coucy — (spr. Kuhsi), berühmtes Geschlecht in Frankreich. 1) Raoul, geb. um 1134; begleitete den König Philipp August nach Palästina u. blieb 1190 vor Acre. 2) Raoul, Neffe des Vorigen, Held u. Dichter; begleitete Philipp August nach Palästina u. st. vor … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Enguerrand VII. de Coucy — Enguerrand VII. de Coucy, (veraltet auch Ingelram von Coucy) (* um1339; † 18. Februar 1397 in Bursa, Türkei) war der letzte Herr von Coucy in der Picardie (Nordfrankreich), zudem ein englischer Peer und Ritter des Hosenbandordens … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Marie I de Coucy, Countess of Soissons — For other people named Marie de Coucy, see Marie de Coucy (disambiguation). Marie I de Coucy suo jure Dame de Coucy and d Oisy suo jure Countess of Soissons Spouse(s) Henry of Bar, Marquis de Pont à Mousson Issue Enguerrand of Bar Robert of Bar… … Wikipedia
Ingelram von Coucy — Wappen Enguerrands de Coucy Enguerrand VII. de Coucy, (veraltet auch Ingelram von Coucy) (* 1339; † 18. Februar 1397 in Bursa, Türkei) war letzter Herr von Coucy in der Picardie (Nordfrankreich). Enguerrand VII. war der Sohn Enguerrands VI. de… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Philippa de Coucy — (1367 ndash; 1411) was a first cousin of King Richard II of England and the wife of his favourite, Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland.Philippa was born at Eltham Palace, the younger daughter of Enguerrand VII, Lord of Coucy, by his wife Isabella,… … Wikipedia
Raoul I. de Coucy — (* nach 1142; † November 1191 vor Akkon) war ein Herr (Sire) von Coucy, Marle, Vervins, Pinon, Crépy, Crécy und La Fère. Raoul war ein Sohn von Enguerrand II. († vor 1147) und dessen Ehefrau, Agnes de Beaugency. Er unterstützte 1181 König Philipp … Deutsch Wikipedia
Marie de Coucy (disambiguation) — Marie de Coucy may refer to: Marie de Coucy (c.1218 1285), Queen consort of Alexander II of Scotland Marie I de Coucy, Countess of Soissons (1366 after 1405), daughter of Enguerrand VII de Coucy and Isabella of England This disambiguation page… … Wikipedia
Yolande of Jerusalem — For Isabella of England, the daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, see Isabella de Coucy. Infobox German Royalty|majesty|consort name= Yolande/Isabella II title= Holy Roman Empress; Queen consort of the Romans and Sicily;… … Wikipedia