Football in Yorkshire


Football in Yorkshire

Football in Yorkshire refers to the sport of association football in relation to its participation and history within Yorkshire, England. The county was the largest in the United Kingdom and as thus has many football clubs professional and amateur.

Sheffield in South Yorkshire is recognised by FIFA and UEFA as the birth place of club football, due to the fact that Sheffield FC are the oldest association football club in the world.cite web|url=http://www.thefa.com/TheFA/NewsFromTheFA/Postings/2006/12/OldestClub.htm|author=TheFA.com|title=World's Oldest Football Club|accessdate=2007-06-27] With its origins in the "Sheffield Rules" code, the game eventually spread to other parts of the county after Hull local Ebenezer Cobb Morley wrote The Football Association's "Laws of the Game", which are still used worldwide today.

History as footballing innovators

The county has a very long tradition in the sport; it is officially recognized by FIFA as being the birthplace of club football as the world's oldest club Sheffield FC was formed in Yorkshire during 1857.cite web|url=http://www.thefa.com/TheFA/NewsFromTheFA/Postings/2006/12/OldestClub.htm|author=TheFA.com|title=World's Oldest Football Club|accessdate=2007-06-27] Two men from Sheffield, South Yorkshire codified a set of rules for the game in 1857, these were known as the Sheffield rules and the Football Association rules which were created in 1863 were based in part on them. Ebenezer Cobb Morley was the first secretary of The Football Association, its second ever president and the man who drafted the FA's laws of the game at his home was a Yorkshireman from Hull.

The world's first ever inter-club match took place on 26 December 1860 in Yorkshire; the match was between Sheffield F.C. and a newly formed club named Hallam F.C.; Sheffield won 2–0. As Hallam were also from the city of Sheffield, this would also prove to be the world's first ever local derby in club football. Notably, Hallam's home ground Sandygate Road, at which they still play at today, was first opened in 1804 and is recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest ground in the world. [cite web
url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/southyorkshire/students/a_z/index.shtml
title=The Ultimate A-Z of Sheffield
month=September | year=2003
accessdate=2008-02-08
author=Rob Power
publisher=bbc.co.uk
]

Top level of English football

Below is information pertaining to the number of seasons each Yorkshire football club has spent at the top level in English football. This includes the top level of The Football League from 1888 until 1992, the Football Alliance and the Premier League.:"Correct as of the 2007–08 season"
*Sheffield Wednesday — 69
*Sheffield United — 59
*Middlesbrough — 57
*Leeds United — 50
*Huddersfield Town — 30
*Bradford City — 12
*Bradford Park Avenue — 3
*Barnsley — 1

Overall success

Northern Counties East Football League Division One
*AFC Emley
*Dinnington Town
*Hall Road Rangers
*Leeds Met Carnegie
*Pontefract Collieries
*Rossington Main
*Scarborough Athletic
*Tadcaster Albion
*Worsbrough Bridge MW
*Yorkshire Amateur

Central Midlands Football League Supreme Division
*Askern Welfare
*Bentley Colliery
*Hatfield Main

Central Midlands Football League Premier Division
*Kiveton Park
*Yorkshire Main

Defunct

Notable Yorkshire footballing figures

Below are some football players and general figures born in Yorkshire or from Yorkshire families, who have achieved notability in the game. They are ordered into the time period in which they made their first team debut.

1860s to 1920s

*Ernie Blenkinsop — played for Sheffield Wednesday, Hull City and Liverpool amongst others. Blenkinsop won The Football League twice with Sheffield Wednesday and was capped by England 26 times—five as captain.

*Herbert Chapman — played for many teams, but was most noted as a manager for Huddersfield Town and Arsenal winning the top honours in English football. He is credited with being one of the game's first modernisers, introducing new tactics and training regime; Chapman is also credited with the introduction of shirt numbers in the sport. [ [http://football.guardian.co.uk/news/theknowledge/0,9204,468481,00.html Guardian.co.uk] ]

*Charles Clegg — chairman of the Football Association from 1890 until his death in 1937. He also became president of the FA in 1923, a position he also held until he died. His power within the game was such that he became known as the Napoleon of Football.

*Thomas Hogg and Chris Hogg — brothers from Skelton, Yorkshire introduced football to Argentina, they organised a meeting on 9 May 1867 where the oldest football club in Argentina was founded in the form of Buenos Aires Football Club.cite web | last =Gorgazzi | first =Osvaldo José| authorlink =| coauthors =Bobrowsky, Josef| title =Some Information on the Early History of Football in Argentina| publisher =RSSSF| date =1999-02-18| url =http://www.rsssf.com/tablesa/arg-early-info.html| accessdate =2008-01-08 ]

*Joseph Whitaker — one of the key figures in the foundation of US Palermo, the second oldest football club in Sicily. His family were wealthy 19th century tycoons from West Yorkshire, [ [http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmricha/id45.htm Whitaker Family] ] who moved to develop a wine industry in Sicily.

*Arthur Witty and Ernest Witty — the Witty brothers were born in Spain but their parents emigrated there from a Yorkshire family. The brothers played for FC Barcelona very early in the club's history. Arthur became president of the club in 1903.

*Frank Womack — played for Birmingham City, he holds the all-time league appearances record for the club, turning out a total of 491 times. [ [http://www.soccerbase.com/team_records.sd?teamid=291 Birmingham City records] at Soccerbase]

1930s to 1950s

*Wally Ardron — played for Rotherham United and Nottingham Forest. Ardron was a prolific striker and holds the record, for most goals scored in a season at Forest; he is third in their all-time goalscorer records.

*Gordon Banks — played club football largely at Leicester City and Stoke City. With England, he was part of the 1966 FIFA World Cup winning squad, he represented the country 73 times. Banks was elected in a poll by the IFFHS as the second best goalkeeper of the 20th Century. [ [http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/iffhs-century.html IFFHS' Century Elections] - rsssf.com - by Karel Stokkermans, RSSSF.] He is also acknowledged by FIFA to have made one of the finest saves in the history of the World Cup, at the 1970 tournament, against Pelé of Brazil. [ [http://fifaworldcup.yahoo.com/06/en/p/pwc/ph/1970.html?i=1&d=1 World Cup 1970 Photo Gallery] - fifaworldcup.yahoo.com - FIFA.] He has been awarded an OBE for his contributions to sport.

*Mark Jones, Tommy Taylor and David Pegg — three Yorkshiremen who played for Manchester United and were part of the Busby Babes, Jones and Taylor were from Barnsley, Pegg near Doncaster. Tragically the three men were amongst the eight United players who died in the Munich air disaster on February 6, 1958. Despite their youthful age, the three men had all played over 100 games for the club, two also appearing for England internationally with Taylor earning 19 caps and scoring 16 goals.

*Bill Nicholson — played for Tottenham Hotspur and represented England one time. He gained more prominence as a manager with Spurs however, leading the club to success in the FA Cup and European football, he was awarded an OBE.

*Albert Quixall — played for Sheffield Wednesday and Manchester United amongst others; upon joining Manchester United his transfer was a British record at the time. He represented England five times.

*George Raynor — player turned manager, he is most notable for managing Sweden, who he managed to gold at the 1948 Summer Olympics, and earned respectable success at the 1950 and 1958 FIFA World Cups; in the latter competition Sweden finished as runners-up losing to Pelé's Brazil in the final. At club level he also briefly managed Italian giants Lazio.

*George Robledo and Ted Robledo — the brothers were born in Iquique, Chile to a Yorkshire woman and Chilean man. They emigrated to their mother's home of Brampton, Yorkshire, due to troubles with war in 1932. They played for Barnsley, Newcastle United and Colo-Colo; George was by far the most prominent scoring many goals and even appearing for Chile over 30 times, including at the 1950 FIFA World Cup.

*Fred Tilson — played for Manchester City and Barnsley, with City he won The Football League and the FA Cup. At international level, Tilson represented England four times, scoring six goals.

*Len White — most noted for his time at Newcastle United where he is currently 3rd in the all-time goalscoring records for the club, he scored 153 goals and is behind only Alan Shearer and Jackie Milburn. He also spent some time playing for Yorkshire sides; Rotherham United and Huddersfield Town.

1960s and 1970s

*Kevin Keegan — played for Newcastle United, Liverpool, Hamburger SV and others, Keegan represented England 63 times scoring 21 goals. He is the only Englishman to have ever won the European Footballer of the Year award. Since retiring as a player he moved into football management.

*Trevor Hockey — played for numerous clubs including Newcastle United, Birmingham City and Sheffield United. He was born in Keighley, West Yorkshire, but due to his ancestry represented Wales nine times.

*Alan Sunderland — played for Wolves and Arsenal. For Arsenal he scored the winning goal in the 1979 FA Cup Final, the goal came in extra-time when he converted a cross from fellow Yorkshireman Graham Rix to put Arsenal 3–2 ahead to win the cup. Sunderland also played for England once.

*Graham Rix - played most of his career with Arsenal and represented England 17 times. He has also worked as a manager at clubs such as Chelsea and Hearts.

1980s and 1990s

*Stuart McCall — born in Leeds and played for Bradford City in two spells, Everton, Rangers and Sheffield United, and scored twice in the 1989 FA Cup Final and once in Italia 90 World Cup finals, having being capped 40 times for Scotland due to his father's birthplace. He now managers Bradford City.

*David Batty — played for Leeds United, Blackburn Rovers, Newcastle United, has also represented England 42 times.

*Andy Gray — played for Leeds United, Nottingham Forest, Bradford City, Sheffield United and Sunderland amongst others. He was born in Harrogate, North Yorkshire, but because of his ancestry his has played for Scotland once.

*Jonathan Greening — played for York City, Manchester United, Middlesbrough and West Bromwich Albion. Holds the record for highest ever transfer received by York City.

*Paddy Kenny — played for Sheffield United, although born in Halifax he has represented the Republic of Ireland seven times, due to his ancestry.

*Alan Kernaghan — played most of his career at Middlesbrough, also played for Manchester City and St. Johnstone amongst others. Kernaghan was born in Otley, West Yorkshire, but because of his ancestry he has been able to represent the Republic of Ireland 26 times. Since retirement he went into management.

*David Seaman — played for several clubs, most notably Arsenal. Seaman had an illustrious footballing career winning several league championships and FA Cup medals. He represented England 75 times, which makes him the second most capped goalkeeper in the nation's history after Peter Shilton. [cite web

url=http://www.englandfootballonline.com/TeamGkprs/GkprsMstApps.html
title=England's Goalkeepers in Most Appearance Order
work=England Football Online

] In 1997, Seaman was awarded an MBE for his services to sport.

*Alan Smith — played for Leeds United, Manchester United and Newcastle United has also represented England 18 times scoring twice.

*Billy Whitehurst — played for Sheffield United, Hull City and Newcastle United. He is widely regarded as the hardest man to have played the game; football pundit Alan Hansen claims that Whitehurst was the hardest footballer he played against, whilst other notable football hardmen Neil "Razor" Ruddock and Vinnie Jones have said the same.

2000s onwards

*Michael Dawson — played for Nottingham Forest and Tottenham Hotspur, as well as England U21.
*Aaron Lennon — played for afc|Leeds United, Tottenham Hotspur, and capped by England.
*James Milner — played for Leeds United and Newcastle United, and capped for England U21 36 times, scoring six goals.
*Paul Robinson — goalkeeper who has played for Leeds United and Tottenham Hotspur, as well as representing England over 40 times.

ee also

*Football in England

Notes

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