- 12th Army (Soviet Union)
Soviet Union's 12th Army was a field armyformed multiple times during the Russian Civil Warand Second World War.
Civil War & Polish-Soviet War
The 12th Army (
Russian Civil War1st Formation) of the Soviet Red Army was first formed from Soviet forces in the north-eastern Caucasus in 1918.
The 12th Army (
Russian Civil War2nd Formation) was formed from the 1st and 3rd Ukrainian Red Armies in central Ukraine in the summer of 1919.
econd World War
The 12th Army (1st Formation) (RKKA) of the Soviet
Red Armywas formed from the Southern (Cavalry-Mechanised) Army Group of the Kiev Special Military District during 1939-40. [http://victory.mil.ru/rkka/units/03/26.html 12th Army (Russian)]
It was then involved in the
Soviet invasion of Poland (1939). It entered the Second World War as part of the Soviet Southwestern Front, comprising the 13th and 17th Rifle, 16th mechanized Corps, 10th, 11th and 12th Fortified Regions, and some artillery, engineering and other units. It participated in the frontier battle to the west of Stanislav. In the second half of July in structure of Soviet Southern Frontit conducted defensive fights in the direction of Uman. During the Battle of Uman, the Twelfth Army was caught in a huge encirclement south of Kievalong with the 6th Army. Thus the army's headquarters was disbanded on 10 August 1941, after the battle.
The 12th Army was reformed in August 1941 as part of the
Soviet Southern Fronton the basis of 17th Rifle Corps. [http://victory.mil.ru/rkka/units/03/26.html 12th Army (Russian)] Originally its structure included 270th and 274th Rifle Divisions, the 11th Tank Division and a number of separate formations. The Army defended the left coast of the Dnepraround Zaporozhye, from the end of September to the beginning of December, 1941. It participated in the Donbassdefensive, Rostovdefensive and offensive, in January, 1942 in the Barvenkovo-Lozove offensive operations, in the subsequent conducted defensive fights in Donbass and on Northern Caucasus (part of the Battle of the Caucasus). In the middle of April 1942 the 261st Rifle Division under Colonel A.M.Ilina, the 4th Rifle Division (Colonel I.P.Roslogo), the 74th Rifle Division under General F.E.Sheverdina, the 176th Rifle Division (General V.N.Martsinkevicha) and 54th Tank Brigade (тбр) under Colonel K.S. Minarova were assigned to the Army.
It was later in 1942 reorganised as a defensive zone HQ, but then reformed again by conversion of the previous 5th Tank Army in mid April 1943. [Glantz, 2005, p.231, Poirier and Conner, p.38] It joined the Southwestern Front. Its structure included the 172nd, 203rd, 244th, 333rd and 350th Rifle Divisions and other formations. In April - July the Army was in Front reserve, and then participated in the Donbass and Zaporozhye offensive operations. In November the army HQ was disbanded, with its forces transferred to other armies. Commanders included Lieutenant-General I.Shlemin (April - May 1943), and Major-General Danilov (May - October 1943).
*Grechko A., " fight for Caucasus ", 2 изд., Moscow, 1973
*Grechko A., " years of war ", Moscow, 1976
*Арушанян, " Operations of 12th army in an initial stage of war ", "ВИЖ", 1973, № 6
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
8th Army (Soviet Union) — 8th Army Active 1939 (1939) 1945 Country Soviet Union Branch Red Army Size several … Wikipedia
26th Army (Soviet Union) — The 26th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union s Red Army, active from 1941. Operational history 26th Army was a part of the Southwestern Front (Soviet Union) and defended the Soviet German border between Przemyśl and Carpathian Mountains in… … Wikipedia
9th Army (Soviet Union) — The 9th Army of the Soviet Union s Red Army was a Soviet field army, active from 1939 – 43, and then after the war from 1966 to 1989. It was active during the Winter War against Finland as part of the Leningrad Military District, beginning… … Wikipedia
4th Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=4th Army caption= country=Soviet Union type= branch=Red Army, Soviet Army dates=1939 circa 1991 2? command structure= Transcaucasian Military District (1950s 1990s) size=two or more Rifle corps garrison=Baku… … Wikipedia
6th Army (Soviet Union) — Infobox Military Unit unit name=6th Army caption= country=Soviet Union type= branch=Red Army, Soviet Army dates=1939 1998 command structure= Leningrad Military District (1960 1998) size=several corps or divisions garrison=Petrozavodsk (c.1960… … Wikipedia
Air Army (Soviet Union) — An Air Army was a formation of the Soviet Air Force from 1936 until its dissolution in 1991. Air Armies continue to be used in the successor Russian Air Force.The first three Air Armies, designated Air Armies of Special Purpose were created… … Wikipedia
18th Army (Soviet Union) — The 18th Army of the Soviet Union s Red Army was formed on 21 June 1941 on the basis of HQ Kharkov Military District and armies of the Kiev Special Military District. The Army s commander in 1941 was General Leitenant Andrew Kirilovych Smirnov.… … Wikipedia
21st Army (Soviet Union) — Operational History = 21st Army was a part of the Second Operational Echelon of the RKKA. On 27th June it was proposed to Stalin that the Soviet armies (13th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd) would defend the line going through River Dvina Polotsk Vitebsk … Wikipedia
29th Army (Soviet Union) — The Soviet Red Army s 29th Army was a field army of the Red Army and later the Russian Ground Forces.It was first formed in July 1941 in the Moscow Military District on the basis of 30th Rifle Corps. The 245th, 252nd, 254th and 256th Rifle… … Wikipedia
3rd Shock Army (Soviet Union) — The 3rd Shock Army ( ru. Третья ударная армия) was a field army of the Red Army formed during the Second World War. The Shock armies were created with the specific structure to engage and destroy significant enemy forces, and were reinforced with … Wikipedia