- Land grant
A land grant is a gift of
real estate- land or privileges - made by a government or other authority as a rewardfor services to an individual, especially as rewards for military service. Grants of land are also awarded to individuals and companies as incentives to develop unused land in relatively unpopulated countries; the process of awarding land grants are not limited to the countries named below.
Roman soldiers were given rewards at the end of their service including cash or land ("praemia").
Augustusfixed the amount in AD 5 at 3000 denarii and by the time of Caracallait had risen to 5000 denarii. [ [http://www.roman-empire.net/army/army.html The Roman Army ] ]
Starting from 1788, the British crown granted land to released convicts in the colony of
New South Wales. [ [http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/guides/short_guide_8_land_grants_1788-1856_9703.asp#Historicalbackground State Records NSW] , citing "Historical Records of Australia" 1.1.14, 1.1.124-8, 1.7.268, 1.12.107-125, 1.16.22.]
Males were allowed 30 acres, plus 20 acres if they were married, and 10 additional acres per child. Instructions were issued on 20 August, 1789 that non-commissioned Marine Officers were to be entitled to 100 additional acres and privates to 50 additional acres.
Governor Macquarie canceled land grants issued during the
Rum Rebellion1808-09, although some were later renewed.
Land grants started to be phased out when private tendering was introduced, and stricter limits were placed on grants without purchase. The instructions to Governor Brisbane were issued on 17 July, 1825. Eventually, on 9 January, 1831,
Viscount Goderichcommanded that all land was to be sold at public auction.
There were also significant
land grants in the Swan River Colony, and in Van Diemen's Landfrom 1803. Canada
* See Canadian Pacific Railway
New World, starting in the 16th century, land grants were given for the purpose of establishing settlements, missions, and farms. Countries granting land included Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, and Britain.
Under colonial law, a patentee had to improve the land. Under this doctrine of planting and seating, the patentee "was required to cultivate an acre of land and build a small house on the property, otherwise the patent would revert to the government." [ [http://www.rootsweb.com/~rwguide/lesson29a.htm Roots web] ] [ [http://www.squirreljumper.com/legalterms.html Squirrel-jumper web site] ]
Starting with the
American Revolutionary War, United Statesveterans often received land grants in lieu of other remuneration.
Between 1783 and 1821, Spain offered land grants to anyone who settled in their colony of
Florida. When that colony was transferred to the United States, the resulting treaty agreed to honor all valid land grants. As a result, years of litigation ensued over the validity of many of the Spanish Land Grants.
Controversy over community land grant claims in
New Mexicopersist to this day.cite web|url=http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0459.pdf|title=Treaty of Guadalpe Hidalgo: Findings and Possible Options Regarding Longstanding Community Land Grant Claims in New Mexico|publisher=General Accounting Office|accessdate=05 June|accessyear=2008|format=PDF]
During the 19th century, four out of the five
transcontinental railroads in the United States were built using land grant incentives.
Since the conclusion of the Spanish-American war, there has not been a legitimate use of Land Grants. [ [http://ag.ca.gov/newsalerts/release.php?id=1561] , California Department of Justice: Office of the Attorney General, May 22, 2008]
* [http://www.floridamemory.com/Collections/SpanishLandGrants/ Online collection and history of the Spanish Land Grants in Florida; made available for public use by the State Archives of Florida.]
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Look at other dictionaries:
land-grant — ☆ land grant [land′grant΄ ] adj. designating any of a number of colleges and universities originally given federal aid, esp. by land grants, on condition that they offer instruction in agriculture and the mechanical arts: they are now supported… … Universalium
land-grant — ☆ land grant [land′grant΄ ] adj. designating any of a number of colleges and universities originally given federal aid, esp. by land grants, on condition that they offer instruction in agriculture and the mechanical arts: they are now supported… … English World dictionary
land grant — A conveyance of public property to a subordinate government or corporation; a muniment of title (See muniments of title) issued by a state or government for the donation of some part of the public domain. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of… … Law dictionary
land grant — land′ grant n. gov a tract of land given by the government, as for colleges or railroads • Etymology: 1850–55 … From formal English to slang
land grant — ☆ land grant n. an appropriation of public land by the government for a railroad, state college, etc … English World dictionary
land grant — noun a grant of public land (as to a railway or college) (Freq. 1) • Hypernyms: ↑grant, ↑assignment * * * a tract of land given by the government, as for colleges or railroads. [1850 55] * * * land grant noun A grant of public land (to a college … Useful english dictionary
land grant — /ˈlænd grænt/ (say land grant) noun the grant of Crown land, as to an individual, government body, organisation, etc … Australian English dictionary
Land grant — Une land grant est, dans les pays anglo saxons, une concession de terres, accordée à une personne morale ou physique en remerciement de services rendus ou afin de l inciter à développer économiquement une certaine région. La Couronne britannique… … Wikipédia en Français
land grant — noun Land grant is used before these nouns: ↑university … Collocations dictionary
land grant — Broadly, a transfer of title to real estate. In the accepted sense of the term, a grant of public lands by the United States or a state. A grant of land in the public domain made by Congress from time to time for the support of education in the… … Ballentine's law dictionary