Ardennes (department)


Ardennes (department)

Infobox_Department_of_France
department=Ardennes
number=08
region=Champagne-Ardenne
prefecture=Charleville-Mézières
subprefectures=Rethel
Sedan
Vouziers
population=290,130|pop_date=1999|pop_rank=75th|density=55
area=5229|area_scale=9
arrond=4|cantons=37|communes=463
president=Benoît Huré|pres_party=UMP
img_coa=Blason département fr Ardennes.svg

Ardennes is a department in the northeast part of France named after the Ardennes area.

History

The department is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was named after the Ardennes hills, which are located in northeast France, southern Belgium and Luxembourg. It is constituted of parts of the former provinces of Champagne and Argonne (Celtic: "Ar Gonn", meaning "deep forest")Fact|date=August 2007, and the principality of Sedan.

Origins: The name of "Ardennes" ("Ar Denn", from Celtic : "the forest") was first mentioned by Julius Caesar who talked in his "War of Gaules" about a celtic female god, who was named "Arduinna" (warrior god usually painted as riding a wild boar).

The area has been the location of much fighting, both in World War I and World War II, such as the Battle of the Ardennes and the Battle of the Bulge.

Geography

The department is surrounded by the French departments of Meuse, Marne, and Aisne and by Belgium on the north.

Situated in the Ardennes uplands on the border with Belgium, the department of Ardennes includes many areas of very dense woodland.

The principal river is the Meuse River.

Famous "Ardennais"

* Robert de Sorbon (1201-1274), who created in Paris la Sorbonne, the famous French university, was born in the village of Sorbon, near Rethel
* Guillaume de Machaut (1284-1370), poet/composer and author of "Le Voir Dit", was born in Machault;
* Turenne (1611-1675), maréchal de France, was born in Sedan;
* Jean-Nicolas Corvisart (1755-1821), famous doctor and scientist, was born in Dricourt, near Vouziers;
* Hippolyte Taine (1828-1893), philosopher and historian, member of the Académie française, was born in Vouziers;
* Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891), one of the most famous poets from France, was born in Charleville.
* YVES CONGAR (April 8th, 1904-June 22,1995) [http://www.answers.com/topic/yves-congar] , A Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, was born in Sedan. [http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/research/theology/ejournal/aejt_4/nugent.htm]

Demographics

The population of Ardennes has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to exodus to the cities. With 290,000 people (a density of 55/km²), it is one of France's least-populated regions.

See also

*Cantons of the Ardennes department
*Communes of the Ardennes department
*Arrondissements of the Ardennes department

References

External links

* [http://www.ardennes.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.cg08.fr/ Conseil général website]
* ODP|Regional/Europe/France/Regions/Champagne-Ardenne/Ardennes|Ardennes

* [http://www.ardennes.witb.net/ Arden'Net website]


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cantons of the Ardennes department — The following is a list of the 37 cantons of the Ardennes department, in France, sorted by arrondissement:Arrondissement of Charleville Mézières (17 cantons)* Charleville Centre * Charleville La Houillère * Flize * Fumay * Givet * Mézières Centre …   Wikipedia

  • Communes of the Ardennes department — The following is a list of the 463 communes of the Ardennes département in France. INSEE Postal Commune 0800 …   Wikipedia

  • Ardennes — For the political subdivision of France, see Ardennes (department). For the Ardennes horse, see Ardennes (horse). The Ardennes (pronEng|ɑrˈdɛn; Dutch: Ardennen ) is a region of extensive forests, rolling hills and old mountains formed on the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial — Infobox Military Cemetery name=Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial body=American Battle Monuments Commission caption=View of the memorial, with headstones visible behind. use dates=1941 1945 established=8 February 1945 designer=Reinhard,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ardennes — /ahr den /; Fr. /annrdd den /, n. 1. Forest of, a wooded plateau region in W Europe, in NE France, SE Belgium, and Luxembourg: World War I battle 1914; World War II battle 1944 45. 2. a department in NE France. 309,306; 2028 sq. mi. (5255 sq. km) …   Universalium

  • ARDENNES —    a forest, a tract of rugged woodland on the confines of France and Belgium; also department of France (325), on the borders of Belgium …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ardennes — /aˈdɛn/ (say ah den) noun 1. a department in north eastern France. 5255 km2. Capital: Charleville Mézières. 2. Forest of, a wooded plateau along the river Meuse, in north eastern France, south eastern Belgium, and Luxembourg; German… …   Australian English dictionary

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