- Ardennes (department)
img_coa=Blason département fr Ardennes.svg
Ardennes is a department in the northeast part of
Francenamed after the Ardennesarea.
The department is one of the original 83 departments created during the
French Revolutionon March 4, 1790. It was named after the Ardenneshills, which are located in northeast France, southern Belgiumand Luxembourg. It is constituted of parts of the former provinces of Champagne and Argonne(Celtic: "Ar Gonn", meaning "deep forest")Fact|date=August 2007, and the principality of Sedan.
Origins: The name of "Ardennes" ("Ar Denn", from Celtic : "the forest") was first mentioned by Julius Caesar who talked in his "War of Gaules" about a celtic female god, who was named "Arduinna" (warrior god usually painted as riding a wild boar).
The area has been the location of much fighting, both in
World War Iand World War II, such as the Battle of the Ardennesand the Battle of the Bulge.
The department is surrounded by the French departments of
Meuse, Marne, and Aisneand by Belgium on the north.
Situated in the
Ardennesuplands on the border with Belgium, the department of Ardennes includes many areas of very dense woodland.
The principal river is the
Robert de Sorbon(1201-1274), who created in Paris la Sorbonne, the famous French university, was born in the village of Sorbon, near Rethel
Guillaume de Machaut(1284-1370), poet/composer and author of "Le Voir Dit", was born in Machault;
* Turenne (1611-1675), maréchal de France, was born in Sedan;
Jean-Nicolas Corvisart(1755-1821), famous doctor and scientist, was born in Dricourt, near Vouziers;
Hippolyte Taine(1828-1893), philosopher and historian, member of the Académie française, was born in Vouziers;
Arthur Rimbaud(1854-1891), one of the most famous poets from France, was born in Charleville.
YVES CONGAR(April 8th, 1904-June 22,1995) [http://www.answers.com/topic/yves-congar] , A Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church, was born in Sedan. [http://dlibrary.acu.edu.au/research/theology/ejournal/aejt_4/nugent.htm]
The population of Ardennes has been in steady decrease since 1982 due to exodus to the cities. With 290,000 people (a density of 55/km²), it is one of France's least-populated regions.
Cantons of the Ardennes department
Communes of the Ardennes department
Arrondissements of the Ardennes department
* [http://www.ardennes.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.cg08.fr/ Conseil général website]
* [http://www.ardennes.witb.net/ Arden'Net website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Arrondissements of the Ardennes department — The 4 arrondissements of the Ardennes department are: # Arrondissement of Charleville Mézières, (prefecture of the Ardennes department: Charleville Mézières) with 17 cantons and 160 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 175,374 in… … Wikipedia
Cantons of the Ardennes department — The following is a list of the 37 cantons of the Ardennes department, in France, sorted by arrondissement:Arrondissement of Charleville Mézières (17 cantons)* Charleville Centre * Charleville La Houillère * Flize * Fumay * Givet * Mézières Centre … Wikipedia
Communes of the Ardennes department — The following is a list of the 463 communes of the Ardennes département in France. INSEE Postal Commune 0800 … Wikipedia
Ardennes — For the political subdivision of France, see Ardennes (department). For the Ardennes horse, see Ardennes (horse). The Ardennes (pronEng|ɑrˈdɛn; Dutch: Ardennen ) is a region of extensive forests, rolling hills and old mountains formed on the… … Wikipedia
Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial — Infobox Military Cemetery name=Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial body=American Battle Monuments Commission caption=View of the memorial, with headstones visible behind. use dates=1941 1945 established=8 February 1945 designer=Reinhard,… … Wikipedia
Ardennes — /ahr den /; Fr. /annrdd den /, n. 1. Forest of, a wooded plateau region in W Europe, in NE France, SE Belgium, and Luxembourg: World War I battle 1914; World War II battle 1944 45. 2. a department in NE France. 309,306; 2028 sq. mi. (5255 sq. km) … Universalium
ARDENNES — a forest, a tract of rugged woodland on the confines of France and Belgium; also department of France (325), on the borders of Belgium … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Ardennes — /aˈdɛn/ (say ah den) noun 1. a department in north eastern France. 5255 km2. Capital: Charleville Mézières. 2. Forest of, a wooded plateau along the river Meuse, in north eastern France, south eastern Belgium, and Luxembourg; German… … Australian English dictionary
Chooz, Ardennes — Chooz … Wikipedia
Deville, Ardennes — Deville … Wikipedia