- Russian Empire–United States relations
The relations between the
Russian Empireand the United States(1776-1922) predate the Soviet-United States relations(1922-1991) and the Russo-United States relations(1991-present). The relations between the two countries were established in 1776.
Establishment of relations (1776)
The relations between the two states are usually considered to have begun in 1776, when the United States declared its independence from the
British Empireand became a state. Earlier contacts had occurred between Americans and Russians however: In 1698, Peter the Greatand William Pennhad met in London, and in 1763 a Boston merchant had anchored his ship at the port of Kronstadtafter a direct transatlantic voyage.
During the 19th century, Russian and American frontiers met in
Alaska. Russia had colonized Alaska. During the American Civil War, Russia was one of the few European powers to fully support the Union. This was prompted by France and Britain's lukewarm relations with Russia and their contemplation of supporting the Confederacy. France and Britain were considering war with Russia at the time over the latter's actions in the Bosphorus. As a result, during the winter of 1861-2, the Imperial Russian Navysent two fleets to join the Union Navy, to prevent the possibility of them being trapped in ice and therefore immobilized for possible use against the French and British.
1867, Russian Alaskawas sold to the United States. The United States claimed Wrangel Island, Herald Island, Bennett Island, Jeannette Island, and Henrietta Islandin 1881.
In 1900, Russia and America were allied during the
Boxer Rebellion. They defeated the Boxer rebels in the Qing Empire. Russia had occupied Manchuriaat this time.
World War I, the United States allied with Russia in 1917.
Russian Civil Warstarted in 1918, and the Americans aided the anti-communists forces, however, they failed and the Soviet Union was established in 1922.
Russo-United States relations
Soviet-United States relations
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