- 1932 Summer Olympics
Name = Games of the X Olympiad
Size = 200
Optional caption =
Nations participating = 37
Athletes participating = 1,332 (1,206 men, 126 women)
Events = 116 in 14
Opening ceremony =
July 30, 1932
Closing ceremony =
August 14, 1932
Officially opened by = Vice President
Athlete's Oath =
Judge's Oath =
Olympic Torch =
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were an
international multi-sport eventwhich was celebrated in 1932in Los Angeles, California, United States. No other cities made a bid to host these Olympics. Held during the worldwide Great Depression, many nations and athletes were unable to pay for the trip to Los Angeles. Fewer than half the participants of the 1928 Summer Olympicsin Amsterdamreturned to compete in 1932. U.S. President Herbert Hooverdid not attend the Games, becoming the first sitting head of government not to appear at an Olympics hosted in that country.cite journal | last = Zarnowski | first = C. Frank | year = 1992 | month = Summer | title = A Look at Olympic Costs | journal = Citius, Altius, Fortius | volume = 1 | issue = 1 | pages = 16–32 | url = http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/JOH/JOHv1n1/JOHv1n1f.pdf | accessdate = 2007-03-24]
The organizing committee put no record of the finances of the Games in their report, though contemporary newspapers reported that the Games had made a profit of US$1,000,000.
Olympic Villagewas built for the first time, in the Baldwin Hills, occupied by the male athletes. [ [http://www.baldwinhillspark.info/olympicvillage.html 1932 Los Angeles Olympic Athlete's Village in the Baldwin Hills] , "Accessed November 12, 2007."] Female athletes were housed at the Chapman Park Hotelon Wilshire Boulevard.
* The first use of a victory podium. [http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1884&ResourceType=Structure Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum] , National Landmarks Program, National Park Service, "Accessed November 12, 2007."]
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseumwas known in 1932 as "Olympic Stadium".
* Tenth Street, a major thoroughfare in Los Angeles, was renamed Olympic Boulevard in honor of the Games.
Babe Didriksonwon two gold medals in the javelin and the hurdles event, and competed in a jump-off for a third in the high jump. Her technique in the jump-off was ruled illegal, leaving Didrikson with second place.
field hockey, only three nations took part. The host nation lost both matches, 1-24 to Indiaand 2-9 to Japan, but still won a "bronze medal".
Poland's Stanisława Walasiewiczwon the gold medal in the women's 100 meters; she would also win the silver medal in the event four years later. After her death in 1980, it was discovered that she was intersexand would have been ineligible to participate.
* Finnish star
Paavo Nurmiwas barred from competing in the Olympics for being a professional.
Eddie Tolanwon both the 100 m and 200 m sprint events.
Helene Madisonwon three gold medals in swimming, while the Japanese upset the men's events and took all but one title.
Takeichi Nishi(Baron Nishi) was the gold medalist with his horse Uranus in the equestrian show jumping individual event. Nishi's gold medal is Japan's only gold medal in the equestrian event to this day. Nishi would later die in 1945 as an officer stationed in the defense of the island of Iwo Jima, and as such is a main character in Clint Eastwood's film, Letters from Iwo Jima.
See the medal winners, ordered by sport:
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/index_uk.asp?OLGT=1&OLGY=1932 IOC Site on 1932 Summer Olympics]
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/games/past/collector_uk.asp?type=5&id=32&OLGT=1&OLGY=1932 Link to 1932 Olympic Logo]
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