- Imperial Fascist League
The IFL was a small group with never more than a few hundred members, including its "Fascist Legions" who wore black shirts (modelled on the Milizia Volontaria per la Sicurezza Nazionale in
Benito Mussolini's Italy) and were organised for street battles. Initially using the fascesas its symbol, the movement became more admiring of Nazismand Adolf Hitlerand, after he came to power in Germany, adopted the swastikasuperimposed on the Union Flagas its new emblem.
Like their contemporaries in the
British Fasciststhe IFL sought a version of Fascism that would be tailored to British peculiarities. Amongst their ideas was an adaptation of Corporatism, as the call for Parliament to be converted into a lower housedrawn from the occupations and an upper chamber to consist of the great and the good on an appointed basis. Anti-Semitismwas the central theme of the IFL and the party had contacts with the notorious Nazi Julius Streicherbefore the War. The extremismof the League was legendary. Leese accused Oswald Mosleyand his British Union of Fascists(BUF) of being under the control of the Jews("the British Jewnion of Fascists" was a favourite retort).
The arrival of the BUF saw a significant slump in IFL membership, as Mosley was much more highly regarded than the relatively unknown Leese. The two groups were in harsh competition, and more than once there were battles between their supporters. Eventually, the BUF proved too strong a check to IFL ambitions and by the time war broke out they had largely disappeared. After 1940 Leese was interned under
Defence Regulation 18band although he continued to be politically active after the war the IFL was not reformed.
List of British fascist parties
* [http://www.heretical.org.uk/British/fascist.html"The Fascist"] contains excerpts from a 1934 issue of "The Fascist", published by the Imperial Fascist League
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