Preslav Literary School

Preslav Literary School

The Preslav Literary School (Pliska Literary School) was the first literary school in the medieval Bulgarian Empire. It was established by Boris I in 885 or 886 in Bulgaria's capital, Pliska. In 893, Simeon I moved the seat of the school from Pliska to the new capital, Preslav.

The Preslav Literary School was the most important literary and cultural centre of Bulgaria and all Slavs until the capture and burning of Preslav by the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimisces in 972. A number of prominent Bulgarian writers and scholars worked at the school, including Naum of Preslav (until 893), Constantine of Preslav, John Exarch, Chernorizets Hrabar, etc.

The school was also a centre of translation, mostly of Byzantine authors, as well as of poetry, painting and painted ceramics. The school is likely to have had a key role for the development of the Cyrillic alphabet, as the earliest Cyrillic inscriptions have been found in the area of Preslav (see also Cyrillic alphabet).

Preslav School scriptoria were scattered over much of present-day northeastern Bulgaria, including monasteries at Pliska, Patleina, Khan Krum, Chernoglavtsi (present-day Shumen Province), Ravna, Varna (present-day Varna Province), and Murfatlar in Dobruja (now in Romania).

ee also

*History of Bulgaria
*Ohrid Literary School
*Naum of Preslav
*Cyrillic alphabet

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ohrid Literary School — Codex Assemanianus, an early example of Old Slavonic text written in glagolitic script, may have been created in the Ohrid Literary School The Ohrid Literary School was one of the two major medieval Bulgarian cultural centres, along with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Preslav — ( bg. Преслав) was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire from 893 to 972 and one of the most important cities of medieval Southeastern Europe. The ruins of the city are situated in modern northeastern Bulgaria, some 20 kilometres southwest of …   Wikipedia

  • Constantine of Preslav — (Bulgarian: Константин Преславски) was a medieval Bulgarian scholar, writer and translator, one of the most important men of letters working at the Preslav Literary School at the end of the 9th and the beginning of the 10th century. Biographical… …   Wikipedia

  • First Bulgarian Empire — Първo българско царство Părvo Bălgarsko Tsarstvo ← …   Wikipedia

  • Old Church Slavonic — словѣньскъ ѩзꙑкъ slověnĭskŭ językŭ Spoken in formerly in Slavic areas, under the influence of Byzantium (both Catholic and Orthodox) Region Eastern Europe Era …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgarian Orthodox Church — Българска православна църква Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Sofia Founder Apostle Andrew, Boris I of Bulgaria Independence …   Wikipedia

  • Simeon I of Bulgaria — Infobox Monarch | name =Simeon I title =Tsar of the Bulgarians and the Byzantines caption =Anonymous seal of Simeon I reign =893 ndash;27 May 927 coronation = predecessor =Vladimir successor =Peter I consort =two, names unknown issue = see below… …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgars — Not to be confused with Bulgarians. Victorious Bulgar soldiers killing their East Roman (Byzantine) opponents, from the Menology of Basil II, 10th century …   Wikipedia

  • Clement of Ohrid — This article is about the medieval Slavic saint. For other uses, see Clement (disambiguation). Свети Климент Охридски Saint Clement of Ohrid Icon of Saint Clement of Ohrid One of the Seven Apostles of Bul …   Wikipedia

  • Medieval Bulgarian army — Participant in the wars of the Bulgarian Empire Khan Krum feasts with a skull cup made of Emperor Nicephorus Is head following the victory in t …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.