Nukufetau


Nukufetau
Nukufetau
—  Atoll  —
Nukufetau atoll from space
Nukufetau is located in Tuvalu
Nukufetau
Location in Tuvalu
Coordinates: 08°00′S 178°30′E / 8°S 178.5°E / -8; 178.5Coordinates: 08°00′S 178°30′E / 8°S 178.5°E / -8; 178.5
Country Tuvalu
Population (2002)
 - Total 586

Nukufetau is an atoll that is part of the nation of Tuvalu. The atoll was claimed by the US under the Guano Islands Act some time in the 19th century and was ceded in a treaty of friendship concluded in 1979 and coming into force in 1983. It has a population (2002 census) of 586 and consists of at least 33 isles:

The biggest island is Motulalo. Savave has a village. The junior school is Tutasi Primary School.

Contents

History

Tuvaluan man in traditional costume drawn by Alfred Agate in 1841 during the United States Exploring Expedition.
A man from the Nukufetau atoll, drawn by Alfred Agate in 1841.

Arent Schuyler de Peyster, of New York, captain of the armed brigantine or privateer Rebecca, sailing under British colours,[1] passed through the southern Tuvalu waters in May 1819 sighting Nukufetau.[2] In 1820 the Russian explorer Mikhail Lazarev visited Nukufetau as commander of the Mirny.[3] [4]

The United States Exploring Expedition under Charles Wilkes visited Nukufetau in 1841.[5]

Louis Becke, who later became a writer, operated a store on Nukufetau from February 1881 to August 1881.[6] Becke later wrote a story about a fishing expedition: The Fisher Folk Of Nukufetau[7]

The population of Nukufetau from 1860-1900 is estimated to be 250 people.[8] [9]

Notable local person

A notable local person is Saufatu Sopoanga, Prime Minister of Tuvalu 2002-2004, who represented Nukufetau in the Parliament of Tuvalu for a number of years.

See also

  • List of Guano Island claims

References

  1. ^ Miscellanies: by an officer, Volume 1, Ch. LXXX By John Watts De Peyster, A.E. Chasmer & Co. (1888)
  2. ^ Laumua Kofe, Palagi and Pastors, Tuvalu: A History, Ch. 15, Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Government of Tuvalu, 1983
  3. ^ Keith S. Chambers & Doug Munro, The Mystery of Gran Cocal: European Discovery and Mis-Discovery in Tuvalu, 89(2) (1980) The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 167-198
  4. ^ Laumua Kofe, Palagi and Pastors, Tuvalu: A History, Ch. 15, Institute of Pacific Studies, University of the South Pacific and Government of Tuvalu, 1983
  5. ^ Tyler, David B. - 1968 The Wilkes Expedition. The First United States Exploring Expedition (1838-42). Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society
  6. ^ 'Louis Beck, Adventurer and Writer', Chapter 8, Rascals in Paradise, James A. Michener and Arthur Grove Day, Secker and Warburg (1957)
  7. ^ http://www.readbookonline.net/readOnLine/22405/
  8. ^ W.F. Newton, The Early Population of the Ellice Islands, 76(2) (1967) The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 197-204.
  9. ^ Richard Bedford, Barrie Macdonald & Doug Monro, Population Estimates for Kiribati and Tuvalu (1980) 89(1) J. of the Polynesian Society 199




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