- Norman Banks
Norman Tyrell Banks MBE (12 October 1905 – 15 September 1985) was a pioneering radio broadcaster of Australian rules football in Melbourne for over 50 years from the 1930s. Banks is also famous as the founder of Carols by Candlelight, but was known in later years for his strongly conservative viewpoint and intolerance of minorities and social diversity in a rapidly changing Australia.
Banks was born at Sandringham, Melbourne on 12 October 1905.
Banks studied for nine years for the Anglican priesthood, first at St Aidan's Theological College, Ballarat, and then at Ridley College, Melbourne.
At age 24, he decided he could not proceed as a priest, and went to work as a car salesman and married Lorna Banks. He then had four children: Rod, Felicity, John and Beverly.
Banks had an interest in public speaking, drama and the creative arts, and the emerging medium of radio soon provided an ideal opportunity to display those interests.
Norman Banks started at 3KZ on a salary of four pounds a week in December 1930, but within a month his instant success had seen his wages rise to eight pounds a week. Over the next 20 years, Banks was a leading figure in broadcasting in Melbourne, initiating programs such as Voice of the Voyager, Voice of the People, Voice of the Business Girl, Voice of the Shopper, Husbands and Wives, Junior Information, Spelling Bee, Victoree Varieties, Myer Musicale plus "OBs" (outside broadcasts) of football, tennis, athletics, swimming and other events.
Although not the first to broadcast VFL football (Melbourne's 3AR was broadcasting ex-Carlton player Rod McGregor's descriptions of play at least as early as 1927), Banks was certainly a pioneer of football radio broadcasts, often overcoming extraordinary working conditions. At Princes Park, Carlton in 1931 he broadcast his first football match standing on a ladder at the end of the dressing room. On another occasion at Princes Park he had the luxury of broadcasting from a hardwood plank protruding from a ladies toilet, with no protection from the weather. At Lakeside Oval he broadcast from an 18 metre steel tower.
One of Banks’ notable broadcasts was on VE Day 1945 to celebrate the end of World War II. Banks broadcast continuously from the Manchester Unity building, opposite the Melbourne Town Hall at the corner of Swanston and Collins Streets.
Carols by Candlelight
On Christmas Eve 1937 Banks saw a woman listening to carols alone by the light of a candle. The image prompted him to try to organise a community event to overcome what to many people was a lonely time of the year. With much effort Banks overcame sceptics and difficulties to stage the first Carols by Candlelight in 1938. On that first night 10,000 people gathered at midnight in the Alexandra Gardens to sing carols with a 30 strong choir, two soloists and the Metropolitan Fire Brigade Band.
Since then the event has grown dramatically to become a tradition the world over and is often a fund raiser for charitable purposes. In Melbourne it is a fundraiser for Vision Australia.
Move to 3AW
Banks applied to 3KZ management in 1952 to be allowed leave to attend the Helsinki Olympics. Banks told the station boss that if he was not allowed to go then he would resign. His resignation was accepted on the spot.
Within a matter of days he had signed with the rival station 3AW at about double the salary he was getting at 3KZ—what was described as a "five-figure sum". And he was allowed to go to the Helsinki Olympic Games (indeed he published his notes as The world in my diary; from Melbourne to Helsinki for the Olympic Games in 1953).
At 3AW he covered the Olympics, football, current affairs, outside broadcasts around Melbourne and in-studio programs as well. He became effectively the station’s News Editor for a time. He was an agile broadcaster, with a fast-thinking brain to boot. He worked at 3AW until 1978, a 26-year career.
Although Barry Jones was actually the first to talk to people live on air in Australia, Banks pioneered talk back radio in 1960.
An accident at the football, followed by another in the 3AW corridors, severely reduced his vision (bringing to an end his legendary football descriptions); his vision was so impaired that he qualified for the Australian Government's free of income and assets test Blind Pension.
He became well known on radio in the 1960s and 1970s for his strongly conservative viewpoint, including a strident defence of apartheid in South Africa, and the monarchy. He was also accused of anti-Semitism. These views were often played out on air in debate with the radical journalist Claudia Wright or the broadcaster Ormsby Wilkins, who called him "a sanctimonious old hypocrite". Furthermore, despite his moral conservatism and appeal to the traditional anglo middle class, his own personal relationships were subject to press speculation. Nevertheless, he had a very large radio following. His final on-air words were "the humble people, the little people . . . for your trust, loyalty and support".
Banks was made an MBE for his services to broadcasting.
He was inducted to the Melbourne Cricket Ground's Rogues Gallery in 1998, with his citation reading—
- An original football caller with 3KZ in 1931, he later moved to 3AW, combining sport and current affairs. (He) Called football for three decades. (He) Covered Helsinki and Melbourne Olympics.
In 1996 Banks was an inaugural inductee into the Australian Football Hall of Fame in the Media category. His citation read—
- A pioneer of football broadcasts on 3AW and 3KZ. In 1931, (he) broadcast his first match from Princes Park standing on a ladder at the end of the dressing rooms. (His) Broadcasting career spanned 60 years.
- ^ "A tradition is born". Vision Australia. http://www.visionaustralia.org.au/info.aspx?page=1209#tradition. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- ^ "Wright, Claudia (1934 - 2005)". The Australian Women's Register. http://www.womenaustralia.info/biogs/AWE3823b.htm. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
- ^ Lack, John (2009). "Banks, Norman Tyrell (1905–1985)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A170055b.htm. Retrieved 24 December 2010.
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