Magnus V of Norway


Magnus V of Norway
Magnus Erlingsson
King of Norway
Reign 1161 – 15 June 1184
Coronation Bergen, 1163/1164
Predecessor Inge Haraldsson and Haakon the Broadshouldered
Successor Sverre Sigurdsson
Spouse Estrid Bjørnsdotter
Issue
Sigurd Magnusson?
Inge Magnusson?
Erling Magnusson Steinvegg?
Father Erling Skakke
Mother Kristin Sigurdsdatter
Born 1156
Etne, Hordaland?
Died 15 June 1184 (aged 27–28)
Fimreite
Burial Bergen

Magnus V Erlingsson (Old Norse: Magnús Erlingsson) (1156–1184) was a King of Norway during the Civil war era in Norway.

Contents

Biography

Magnus Erlingsson was probably born in Etne in Hordaland. He was the son of Erling Skakke. His father was a Norwegian nobleman who earned his reputation crusading with Rögnvald Kali Kolsson, the Earl of Orkney. His mother was Kristin Sigurdsdatter, daughter of king Sigurd Jorsalfare who was king of Norway from 1103 to 1130. Magnus Erlingsson was named king in 1161 at the age of eight. He was the first Norwegian king to be crowned. His father Erling took the title of earl and held the real power since Magnus was a minor. Erling Skakke continued to be the country’s real ruler even after Magnus had come of age. [1]

In 1166, Sigurd Agnhatt and his foster son Olav Ugjæva raised a force in Oppland, and had Olav proclaimed king, while earl Erling Skakke was away in Denmark. Olav was the son of Maria Øysteinsdotter, the daughter of former king Øystein Magnusson. After Erling returned to Norway to fight this uprising, Olav and his men attacked Erling in an ambush at Rydjokul in Sørum. Erling was wounded and barely escaped. In 1168 Olav and his men ventured south to the Oslofjord area, but were there defeated in battle at Stanger in Våler. Sigurd was killed in the battle, but Olav escaped and went to Denmark.[2]

Magnus' reign saw the arrival in Norway of Sverre Sigurdsson, who claimed the throne for himself. In June 1177, Sverre first led his men to Trøndelag where Sverre was proclaimed as king. Erling's position was compromised and he fell at the Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros in 1179. Several more years of warfare ended with Magnus' defeat and death in the Battle of Fimreite on June 15, 1184. Sverre attacked Magnus' fleet sending his ships into battle in squadrons, to charge and overwhelm on one ship at a time, forcing the Magnus' men to jump over to the next. As the battle proceeded, the remaining ships became extremely crammed, and then started to go down because of the weight. King Magnus is reported to have gone down on one of the last of them.[3]

Historic context

Illustration for Magnus Erlingssons saga

The civil war era in Norway would not end with the victory of Sverre over Magnus. After the death of Magnus, Sigurd Magnusson, Inge Magnusson and Erling Magnusson Steinvegg came forth all stating to be sons of Magnus and claiming the Norwegian throne. The civil war era in Norway extended over a 110 year period. It started with the death of King Sigurd I of Norway in 1130 and ended with the death of Duke Skule Baardsson in 1240.

During this period there were several interlocked conflicts of varying scale and intensity. The background for these conflicts were the unclear Norwegian succession laws, social conditions and the struggle between Church and King. There were then two main parties, firstly known by varying names or no names at all, but finally condensed into parties of Bagler and Birkebeiner. The rallying point regularly was a royal son, who was set up as the head figure of the party in question, to oppose the rule of king from the contesting party.

References

Other sources

  • Snorre Sturlason, The Heimskringla: A History of the Norse Kings, vol. 3 (London: Norroena Society, 1907)
  • Finlay, Alison editor and translator Fagrskinna, a Catalogue of the Kings of Norway (Brill Academic. 2004)
  • Gjerset, Knut History of the Norwegian People (The MacMillan Company, Volume I. 1915)
  • Heggland, Johannes Den unge kongen (Eide Forlag, 1999) Norwegian

Ancestry

Magnus Erlingsson
Cadet branch of the Fairhair dynasty
Born: 1156 Died: 15 June 1184
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Inge Haraldsson &
Haakon Herdebrei
King of Norway
1161–1184
with Haakon Herdebrei (1161–1162)
Succeeded by
Sverre Sigurdsson

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Magnus III of Norway — Magnus Barefoot (Barfoot) King of Norway Reign 1093–1103 Predecessor Olaf Kyrre Successor Olaf Magnusson, Eystein Magnusson and Sigurd the Crusader Consort …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus I of Norway — Magnus the Good Coin of Magnus I. King of Norway Reign 1035–1047 Predecessor Cnut the Great Successor Harald …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus VI of Norway — Magnus VI Lagabøte King of Norway Co reign Solo reign 1257 1263 1263–1280 …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus IV of Norway — Magnus IV the Blind King of Norway Reign 1130–1135 Predecessor Sigurd the Crusader Successor Harald Gille Reign 1137–1139 Predecessor Harald Gille Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus II of Norway — Magnus Haraldsson redirects here. For 10th century Norse Gael king, see Maccus mac Arailt. Magnus Haraldsson King of Norway Reign 1066–1069 Predecessor Harald Hardrada Sigurdsson Successor Olaf Kyrre …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus II — may refer to: Magnus II of Norway (1048–1069), son of Harald Sigurdsson Magnus II of the Isle of Man was Magnus III of Norway (1073 – 24 August 1103) Magnus II of Sweden, King of Sweden between 1160 and 1161 Magnus II, Earl of Orkney (ca.… …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus I — may refer to: Magnus I, King of the Isle of Man and the Isles, King of Mann and the Isles Magnus I of Norway (1024–1047), King of Norway and King of Denmark Magnus I of Orkney (ruled from 1108 to about 1115) Magnus I of Sweden, King of Sweden (ca …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus of Sweden — may refer to: Magnus I, King of Sweden around 1125 Magnus II, King of Sweden 1160 Magnus III, King of Sweden 1275 Magnus IV, King of Sweden 1319, also Magnus VII of Norway Magnus, Prince of Sweden 1300 and heir apparent, son of King Birger Magnus …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus III — may refer to: Magnus III of Norway (1073–1103) Magnus III of Sweden (1240–1290) Magnus III of Orkney (1256–1273) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal name. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Magnus IV — may refer to: Magnus IV of Norway (ca. 1115–1139) Magnus IV of Orkney (ruled 1273–1284) Magnus IV of Sweden (1316–1374) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same personal name. If an …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.