Savoie


Savoie

Infobox_Department_of_France
department=Savoie
number=73
region=Rhône-Alpes
prefecture=Chambéry
subprefectures=Albertville
Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne
population=373,258|pop_date=1999|pop_rank=61st|density=62
area=6028|area_scale=9
arrond=3|cantons=37|communes=305
president=Jean-Pierre Vial|pres_party=UMP
img_coa=Blason73.svg

Savoie (Arpitan : "Savouè d’Avâl") is a French department located in the Rhône-Alpes ("Rôno-Arpes") region in the French Alps.

It is one of the two departments of the region of Savoy that was annexed by France on March 24, 1860, the other being Haute-Savoie. For history before 1860, details of the annexation and reasons for the current separatist movement in the departments, see Savoy.

History

It is widely accepted that Savoie takes its name from the Latin "Sapaudia" or "Sabaudia", meaning land covered in fir trees.

Savoie was long part of the states of Savoy, though it was occupied many times by France starting in the 16th century. It was integrated into the Mont-Blanc department from 1792 to 1815 (and partially into the Léman department from 1798 to 1814), later being annexed by France in 1860. The former Duchy of Savoy became the two departments of Savoie and Haute-Savoie.

Moûtiers, capital of the former province of Tarentaise Valley (French: "Vallée de la Tarentaise") ceased to be the county seat after a law passed on September 10 1926.

Savoie, along with Albertville, hosted the 1992 Winter Olympics, with ski events at Tarentaise and Beaufortain.

Geography

[
Relief map of Savoy.] Savoie is part of the Rhône-Alpes région. It borders the departments of Haute-Savoie, Ain, Isère and Hautes-Alpes in addition to Italy.

Much of Savoie is covered by mountains:
*Bauges Massif
*Chartreuse Massif
*Vanoise Massif
*Beaufortain Massif

The department is crossed by the Isère river, which has its source in the Iseran pass. Its two main lakes are Lake Bourget (the largest and deepest lake entirely in France) and Lake Aiguebelette, one of the least polluted in France due to a 1976 law forbidding any use of motorboats on the lake.

Economy

According to the Chambéry chamber of commerce, close to 50% of the department's wealth comes from tourism. Each year, Savoie hosts over 30 million visitor-nights of tourists. Savoie also profits from its natural resources with particular strengths in ore processing and hydroelectric power.

Savoie had an exceptionally high export/import ratio of 214% in 2005. Its exports rose to €1.768 billion €825 million in imports. Its leading exports were steel, aluminum, and electric and electronic components.

Agriculture

Savoie is famous for its cows, which produce numerous cheeses, some of them are:
*Beaufort
*Savoie Gruyère
*Reblochon
*Tamié
*Tome des Bauges
*Tomme de Savoie

Numerous wines are also grown in Savoie. The most famous are made of Gamay, Pinot Noir and Mondeuse grapes. Fruit production is the third largest component of agriculture in Savoie.

Demographics

Residents of Savoie are known as "Savoyards" though they can also be called "Savoisiens" (the historical name) or "Savoyens".

Main cities:
* Chambéry: pop. 55 786 (113 457 agglomeration, of which 10 912 are in La Motte-Servolex)
* Aix-les-Bains: pop. 25 732(40 278 agglomeration)
* Albertville: pop. 17 340 (31 162 agglomeration)
* Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne: pop. 8 902 (9 846 agglomeration)

The average population density is not a good indication of actual population density, as valleys tend to be quite densely populated, whereas the mountains tend to be near-completely uninhabited.

Religion

The Catholic Church in Savoie is divided into three dioceses: Chambéry, Maurienne et Tarentaise. Together, they form an archdiocese, in which the bishop of Chambéry is the archbishop.

Tourism

Tourism, which is quite important to Savoie, began to develop towards the end of the 19th century, mostly summer oriented. The increase in the popularity of skiing in the 20th century made Savoie home to the largest number of ski hills in France, including many famous ones:
*Val-d'Isère
*Tignes
*Les Arcs
*La Plagne
*Courchevel
*Méribel
*Valmorel
*Les Menuires
*Val Thorens
*Les Saisies
*Savoie Grand Revard
*Bramans
*Bessans
Hydrotherapy, practised in the region since antiquity, is also quite developed. There are four locations that are still active:
*Aix-les-Bains
*Challes-les-Eaux
*Brides-les-Bains
*La Léchère

ee also

History

*Savoy - Historical region
*House of Savoy - Ruling dynasty of Savoy from 1032 to 1860
*Duchy of Savoy - Rulers of Savoy region from 1416 to 1720
*Kingdom of Sardinia - 1720 to 1860.

Language

*French language
*Arpitan language

Places

*Communes of the Savoie department
*Arrondissements of the Savoie department
*Cantons of the Savoie department
*Chambéry - Capital
*Aix-les-Bains
*Lac du Bourget The largest lake in France.

Wine

*French wine - AOC wine of Savoie
*Savoy wine or Wine of Savoie Allobrogie

External links

* [http://www.cg73.fr General Council website]
* [http://www.savoie.pref.gouv.fr/ Prefecture website]
* [http://www.france-voyage.com/travel-guide/savoie.htm Savoy Tourism Guide]
* [http://www.tourism.savoiehautesavoie.com/ Regional Tourism Agency]
* [http://www.supphoto.com/album-gallery/savoy/ Gallery Photos and pictures of Savoie]
* [http://tip2trip.com/france/chindrieux/savoie-mountains/ Photos of Savoie mountains]
* [http://www.welcomeannecy.com Tourist regional guide / Photos / Hotels / Sport Activities]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • savoie — (maison de) famille qui a régné sur la Savoie à partir du XIe s. (les comtes de Savoie). Au XVe s., on lui reconnut sa possession du Piémont. En 1718, on lui octroya le royaume de Sardaigne, de sorte qu on parla de royaume de Piémont Sardaigne.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Savoie — Region Rhône Alpe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Savoie — Surnom donné à celui qui est originaire de Savoie. C est dans la Lozère et l Indre et Loire que le nom est le plus répandu. Variantes : Savoy (88, 80), Savoye (76, 80). Forme italienne : Savoia …   Noms de famille

  • Savoie — (spr. ßawŭa), franz. Namensform für Savoyen (ital. Savoja) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Savoie — (spr. ßawŏá), Savoyen (im engern Sinne), franz. Dep. im südl. Savoyen, 6188 qkm, (1901) 254.781 E., Hochalpenland; Hauptstadt Chambéry …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Savoie [2] — Savoie, Haute (spr. oht ßawŏá), Obersavoyen, franz. Departement im nördl. Savoyen, 4598 qkm, (1901) 263.803 E.; Hauptstadt Annecy …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Savoie —   [sav wa],    1) Département in Südostfrankreich, Region Rhône Alpes, in den Alpen, 6 028 km2, 373 000 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz: Chambéry.    2) historisches Gebiet in Frankreich, Savoyen.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Savoie — [sȧ vwȧ′] Fr. name for SAVOY …   English World dictionary

  • Savoie — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Savoie (homonymie). Savoie Pays de Savoie Détail …   Wikipédia en Français

  • savoie — npf. (province) : SA(V)WÉ (Aix, Albanais.001, Annecy.003, Bellecombe Bauges, Compôte Bauges, Doucy Bauges, Giettaz, Habère Poche, Marthod, Morzine.081, Notre Dame Be.214, Thônes), Savwè (Chambéry, Lanslevillard). Fra. Les deux Savoie : LÉ DWÈ… …   Dictionnaire Français-Savoyard


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