Montes Claros


Montes Claros
Location of Montes Claros in the state of Minas Gerais

Montes Claros is a city located in northern Minas Gerais state, in Brazil. The estimated population in 2010 was 412,284 inhabitants and the total area of the municipality was 3,470 km² ( 97 km² urban). It was made a seat of a municipality in 1831 and attained city status in 1857.

Contents

Neighboring municipalities

Microregion of Montes Claros

Montes Claros is also a statistical microregion (number 36) consisting of 22 municipalities: Brasília de Minas, Campo Azul, Capitão Enéas, Claro dos Poções, Coração de Jesus, Francisco Sá, Glaucilândia, Ibiracatu, Japonvar, Juramento, Lontra, Luislândia, Mirabela, Montes Claros, Patis, Ponto Chique, São João da Lagoa, São João da Ponte, São João do Pacuí, Ubaí, Varzelândia, and Verdelândia. The population was 501,480 in 2000 and the area was 22,322.10 km². See Citybrazil

Distances

It is 418 km. from the capital, Belo Horizonte, and is connected by the following highways:

Climate

The climate is tropical with an annual average temperature of 24.2°C. The vegetation of the municipality is mainly Cerrado with areas of transition between cerrado and Caatinga.

History

The history of the city is relatively old in Brazilian terms. It began with adventurers moving north from the coast in search of diamonds and gold in the streams. In 1707 the first ranches appeared and a small village took root: Arraial de Formigas. In 1810 the town was made a bishopric. In 1831 the town had grown and become Vila de Montes Claros de Formigas. By 1857, Vila Montes Claros de Formigas had around 2,000 inhabitants and became the city of Montes Claros.

Economy

  • Primary sector:

Producer of dairy and beef cattle, followed by agriculture: beans, corn, manioc, cotton, and irrigated rice.

  • Secondary sector:

The industrial sector began to increase with the arrival of electric power in 1965 and the participation of the government agency SUDENE in the industrial development of the region. Today industry is the main activity in the city. The factories installed are, among others, the largest factory of condensed milk in the world (Nestlé), one of the three factories of insulin in Latin America (BIOBRAS now Novo Nordisk Produção Farmacêutica do Brasil), a modern textile factory (COTENOR), and the seventh largest cement factory in Brazil (LAFARGE BRASIL)

Montes Claros is also recognized nationally as the capital of Carne de Sol, a local jerky-like dry beef and Arroz com Pequi, a very popular meal that is made of rice and Pequi.

Education and Health

The city is well served by institutions of higher learning. There are two public universities: Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros (Unimontes) and a campus of the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), and five private colleges:Universidade Norte do Paraná (Unopar), Faculdades Pitágoras, Faculdades Unidas do Norte de Minas (FUNORTE), Faculdade de Ciência e Tecnologia de Montes Claros (Facit), Faculdade de Saúde Ibituruna, and Faculdades Santo Agostinho.

In 2005 there were 1 public and 2 private hospitals with 996 beds. There were also 62 public and 78 private clinics.

Airport

Mário Ribeiro Airport has a runway with capability to receive planes as large as Boeing 737. It has a navigation system and a rescue and fire combat system. There are 8 daily flights to Belo Horizonte

Municipal Human Development Index

  • MHDI: .784 (2000)
  • State ranking: 102 out of 853 municipalities
  • National ranking: 968 out of 5,138 municipalities
  • Life expectancy: 72
  • Literacy rate: 90 For the complete list see Frigoletto

Tourism

Montes Claros has innumerous caves and 164 cataloged archaeological sites, among which the most important are the caves of Lapa Grande, where there is an underground river with a length of more than one kilometers. Lapa Grande is located in the Serra da Vieira, 12 kilometers from Montes Claros.

In the city itself there are several large parks, among which the most important are Parque Municipal Milton Prates, with a lake and zoo. In the rural area there is Parque Sapucaia, a forest reserve and Parque Guimarães Rosa along the banks of the Córrego Carrapato.

History

The first explorers arrived in this region during the eighteenth century. It was the Espinosa-Navarro expedition, made up of 12 Portuguese and Spanish. The region was then inhabited by the Anais and Tapuias Amerindians. Others returned to settle the area and they formed three great ranches: Jaiba, Olhos d'Água and Montes Claros. In 1707, Antônio Gonçalves Figueira obtained the land that constituted the ranch of Montes Claros. In order to get his cattle to market Figueira opened up roads to Tranqueiras in Bahia and to the São Francisco River Soon the Fazenda de Montes Claros became the greatest producer of cattle in the north of Minas Gerais.

The first settlement, founded in 1738, was called Arraial de Formigas, later Arraial de Nossa Senhora da Conceição and São José de Formigas, Vila de Montes Claros de Formigas and lastly the city of Montes Claros.

In 1831 the arraial became a vila and was called Montes Claros de Formigas. In 1847 the first doctor arrived and set up practice. In 1857 the vila had around 2,000 inhabitants and became a city, dropping the name of "formigas" (ants).

Important historical dates

  • 1910: Creation of the bishopric
  • 1912: The first telephone installed
  • 1914: The first cinema (Cinema Recreio)
  • 1917: Electricity arrives
  • 1920: The first automobile arrives
  • 1926: The railroad arrives
  • 1938: Drinking water system
  • 1956: Connection to the national telephone system

External links

References

Related

Coordinates: 16°43′56″S 43°51′49″W / 16.73222°S 43.86361°W / -16.73222; -43.86361


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Montes Claros — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Montes Claros — ist eine Stadt im brasilianischen Bundesstaat Minas Gerais. Im Jahr 2006 lebten in Montes Claros 348.991 Menschen auf 3582 km². 16.732355555556 43.86365 Koordinaten: 16° 44′ S, 43° 52′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Montes Claros — Vue d Montes Claros Montes Claros est une ville brésilienne du nord de l État du Minas Gerais. Elle se situe par une …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Montes Claros — /mawonn tis klah rddoos/ a city in E Brazil. 121,428. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, northern Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern Brazil. It is located near the Verde Grande River in the Espinhaço Mountains, at 2,093 feet (638 metres) above sea …   Universalium

  • Montes Claros — Original name in latin Montes Claros Name in other language MOC State code BR Continent/City America/Sao Paulo longitude 16.735 latitude 43.86167 altitude 686 Population 332379 Date 2012 08 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Montes Claros — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Montes Claros Country and Admin Code BR.15.3143302 BR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Montes Claros — /mawonn tis klah rddoos/ a city in E Brazil. 121,428 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Montes Claros de Goiás — Wappen Flagge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Montes Claros de Goiás — State Goiás Area: 2,899 km² (10/10/2002) Population: 7,844 (IBGE 2007) Elevation: 472m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 7625 …   Wikipedia

  • Montes Claros Airport — Montes Claros / Mário Ribeiro Airport Aeroporto de Montes Claros / Mário Ribeiro IATA: MOC – ICAO: SBMK Summary Airport type Public Operator Infraer …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.