Gastronomy is the study of the relationship between culture and food. It is often thought erroneously that the term gastronomy refers exclusively to the art of cooking (see Culinary Arts), but this is only a small part of this discipline; it cannot always be said that a cook is also a gourmet. Gastronomy studies various cultural components with food as its central axis. Thus it is related to the Fine Arts and Social Sciences, and even to the Natural Sciences in terms of the digestive system of the human body.

A gourmet's principal activities involve discovering, tasting, experiencing, researching, understanding and writing about foods. Gastronomy is therefore an inter-disciplinary activity. Good observation will reveal that around the food, there exists dance, dramatic arts, painting, sculpture, literature, architecture, and music; in other words, the Fine Arts. But it also involves physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, geology, agronomy, and also anthropology, history, philosophy, psychology, and sociology. The application of scientific knowledge to cooking and gastronomy has become known as molecular gastronomy.

The first formal study of gastronomy is probably "The Physiology of Taste" by Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin (early 19th century). As opposed to the traditional cooking recipe books, it studies the relationship between the senses and food, treating enjoyment at the table as a science. Most recently, in 2004, the founders of the Slow Food movement founded the University of Gastronomic Sciences in Bra, Italy, devoted to the principles of gastronomy. [ [ English Version Website of University of Gastronomy Sciences] ]

Etymologically, the word "gastronomy" is derived from Ancient Greek "gastros" "stomach", and "nomos" "knowledge" or "law".

ee also

* Cuisine
* Gastropub
* Culinary art
* Gourmet Library and museum


External links

* [ Le Cordon Bleu Gastronomy at the University of Adelaide]
* [ Network of European Alimentary Culture]
* [ Boston University Masters of Liberal Arts in Gastronomy]
* [ Gastronomy Site]
* [ Gastronomy Australia Sydney Catering]
* [ Spanish Gastronomy]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gastronomy — Gas*tron o*my, n. [Gr. ?: cf. F. gastronomie.] The art or science of good eating; epicurism; the art of good cheer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gastronomy — 1814, from Fr. gastronomie, coined 1800 by Joseph de Berchoux (1762 1838) as title of poem on good living, after Gastrologia, title of a now lost poem of antiquity, quoted by Athenaeus (see GASTROLOGY (Cf. gastrology)). Berchoux s word is from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastronomy — ► NOUN ▪ the practice or art of choosing, cooking, and eating good food. DERIVATIVES gastronomic adjective. ORIGIN Greek gastronomia, from gast r stomach …   English terms dictionary

  • gastronomy — [gas trän′ə mē] n. [Fr gastronomie, after Gr Gastronomia, poem by Archestratus (4th c. B.C. ): see GASTRO & NOMY] the art or science of good eating; epicurism gastronomic [gas΄trə näm′ik] adj. gastronomical gastronomically adv …   English World dictionary

  • gastronomy — gastronomic /gas treuh nom ik/, gastronomical, adj. gastronomically, adv. /ga stron euh mee/, n. 1. the art or science of good eating. 2. a style of cooking or eating. [1805 15; < F gastronomie < Gk gastronómia. See GASTRO , NOMY] * * * Art of… …   Universalium

  • gastronomy — [[t]gæstrɒ̱nəmi[/t]] N UNCOUNT Gastronomy is the activity and knowledge involved in preparing and appreciating good food. [FORMAL] Burgundy has always been considered a major centre of gastronomy …   English dictionary

  • gastronomy — noun Etymology: French gastronomie, from Greek Gastronomia, title of a 4th century B.C. poem, from gastro gastr + nomia nomy Date: 1814 1. the art or science of good eating 2. culinary customs or style • gastronomic also gastronomical adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gastronomy — noun /ɡæˈstɹɒnəmi/ The study of the relationship between food and culture …   Wiktionary

  • gastronomy — (Roget s 3 Superthesaurus) n. ecpicurism …   English dictionary for students

  • gastronomy — gas|tron|o|my [gæˈstrɔnəmi US gæˈstra: ] n [U] formal [Date: 1800 1900; : French; Origin: gastronomie, from Greek gaster stomach ] the art and science of cooking and eating good food …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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