Institut Teknologi Bandung


Institut Teknologi Bandung

Infobox University
name = Bandung Institute of Technology
native_name = Institut Teknologi Bandung





caption = Ceremonial Hall by architect Henri Maclaine-Pont
image_size = 250px
motto = "In Harmonia Progressio"
"Progress In Harmony"
established = 1920 (THB)
March 2, 1959 (ITB)
type = State University
rector = Prof. Dr. Ir. Djoko Santoso, M.Sc. (2005-2009)
students = 14,777 (as of 2004)
undergrad = 11,321 (as of 2004)
postgrad = 3,456 (as of 2004)
city = Bandung
country = Indonesia
campus = Urban
286,830m² (campus)
43,816m² (sports venues)
colors = Blue
affiliations = Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning
website = [http://www.itb.ac.id www.itb.ac.id]
Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) ( _id. Institut Teknologi Bandung) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia. Established in 1920, ITB is the oldest technology-oriented university in Indonesia.

The University prides itself on its reputation as one of the country's centers of excellence in science, technology, and art,Fact|date=June 2007 and was considered the top choice among Indonesia's high school students in 2006.cite news|title=707 Siswa Pandai Tapi Tak Mampu Lulus SPMB|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.hariansib.com/content/view/10396/48/|publisher=Sinar Indonesia Baru|date=6 August 2006|accessdate=2006-11-02] cite news|title=Mencermati Peringkat Nilai Hasil Seleksi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru (SPMB) 2004 |format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://jawapos.co.id/index.php?act=detail_c&id=124161|publisher=Harian Jawa Pos|date=13 August 2004|accessdate=2006-11-02]

Indonesia's first president, Sukarno, earned his engineering degree in civil engineering (concentrating in architecture) in the 1920s.

The university cultivates professional and social activities by supporting its students' unions, the student government councils that exist in every department. Each students' union has its own distinctly designed jacket that, among other traditions, serves as part of its member identity. There are also a number of student activity units/clubs supporting ITB student interests in rounding out their educational experience. It is not uncommon that the students and alumni are identified by the clubs to which they belong (or used to belong) at ITB, in addition to their class year and major.

The university is a member of LAOTSE, an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars.

ITB's march "Mars ITB" and hymn "Hymne ITB" were arranged by a former professor, Prof. Dr. Sudjoko Danoesoebrata. [cite news|title=Hymne dan Mars ITB Itu Tiada|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.tempointeraktif.com/hg/nasional/2006/08/26/brk,20060826-82662,id.html|publisher=Tempo Interaktif|date=26 August 2006|accessdate=2006-11-04]

History

Technische Hogeschool

ITB traces its origin to "de Technische Hoogeschool te Bandung (THB)" established by the Dutch colonial administration to meet the needs of technical resources at its colony in the region now known as Indonesia. When the school opened its door for the first time on July 3, 1920, it had one department namely 'de Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap' with only one academic major of 'de afdeeling der Weg en Waterbouw'. Later ITB became part of the Faculty Engineering of the University of Indonesia (UI) in Jakarta after Indonesian independence in 1945. In March 2 1959 ITB was officially chartered as a separate academic entity by the government of Indonesia.

In National Politics

Towards Autonomy

Campus

The ITB main campus, to the north of the downtown Bandung, and its other campuses, cover a total area of 770,000 square meters.

Students and faculty housing, and administrative headquarters are not on the main campus but are within easy reach. Facilities on the campus include book shops, a post office, student cafeteria, and medical clinic. The architecture of ITB is a fine mixture of the traditional and the modern, and the beauty of the buildings is enhanced by the surrounding lawns and gardens.

In addition to lecture rooms, laboratories, workshops and studios, ITB has an art gallery, sports facilities and a student activities' center. Also near the campus is the Salman Mosque for worship and religious activities of the ITB Muslim community. For implementation of academic and research activities there are seven academic support facilities, namely, the Central Library (with approximately 150,000 books and 1000 journal titles) on campus, Sports Center, Language Center, and the Bosscha Observatory (a facility of the Department of Astronomy) in Lembang, 11 kilometers to the north of Bandung.

Academics

Organization

Admission and Selectivity

Admission to ITB is conducted exclusively through (nationwide) entrance examination. Historically ITB has been the most selective University in the nation.cite book| last = H.I.S| first = Cardiyan| title = ITB dan manusia ITB untuk Indonesia Inc. | publisher = Sulaksana Watisna Indonesia | year = 1991 | location = Jakarta | format=in Indonesian ] In 2000, the last Asiaweek survey available, ITB ranked first in Asia in student selectivity. cite news|url=http://cgi.cnn.com/ASIANOW/asiaweek/features/universities2000/scitech/sci.stusel.html|title=Asia's Best Universities 2000 Ranking by Student Selectivity|publisher=Asiaweek|accessdate=2008-08-30] In the 2007 and 2008 national entrance examination, ITB has the highest average score as well as the highest passing grade in the nation. cite news|title=UGM dan ITB Peringkat I di SNMPTN 2008|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.antara.co.id/arc/2008/7/31/ugm-dan-itb-peringkat-i-di-snmptn-2008/|publisher=Antara|date=31 July 2008|accessdate=2008-08-30] cite news|title=SPMB 2007, UNAIR dan ITS empat besar nasional|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.surya.co.id/web/index2.php?option=com_content&do_pdf=1&id=16585|publisher=Surya|date=1 August 2007|accessdate=2008-08-30] The aggregate admission rate in 2008 was around 4%. cite news|title=UGM dan ITB Peringkat I di SNMPTN 2008|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.antara.co.id/arc/2008/7/31/ugm-dan-itb-peringkat-i-di-snmptn-2008/|publisher=Antara|date=31 July 2008|accessdate=2008-08-30]

Quality and Reputation

Several national, regional, and global surveys have been conducted to assess the quality of universities. ITB has been among the first choice of college applicants to enter higher education.cite news|title=707 Siswa Pandai Tapi Tak Mampu Lulus SPMB|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.hariansib.com/content/view/10396/48/|publisher=Sinar Indonesia Baru|date=6 August 2006|accessdate=2006-11-02] cite news|title=Mencermati Peringkat Nilai Hasil Seleksi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru (SPMB) 2004 |format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://jawapos.co.id/index.php?act=detail_c&id=124161|publisher=Harian Jawa Pos|date=13 August 2004|accessdate=2006-11-02] In a 1991 study, the top 200 high school students in the national entrance examination indicated ITB as their first choice.cite book| last = H.I.S| first = Cardiyan| title = ITB dan manusia ITB untuk Indonesia Inc. | publisher = Sulaksana Watisna Indonesia | year = 1991 | location = Jakarta | format=in Indonesian ] . In a 2006 national survey to general college applicants population conducted by Koran Tempo, ITB ranked 4th in high school students' preference list of public universities. [cite news|title=Perguruan Tinggi Favorit Di Indonesia|format=online archive in Indonesian|url=http://www.spmb.com/indofav.html|publisher=Koran Tempo|date=6 June 2006|accessdate=2006-10-25] fact|date = August 2008|the link does not seem to refer to the assertion| ()

In 2000 Asiaweek's Asia's Best Science and Technology Schools survey, ITB was placed in the 21st position (lower than the 1999's rank: 15th). It was, however, ranked 1st in terms of student selectivity.cite news|url=http://www.asiaweek.com/asiaweek/features/universities2000/index.html|title=Asia's Best Universities 2000|publisher=Asiaweek|accessdate=2006-11-02]

In a global survey of the Times Higher Education Supplement-Quacquarelli Symonds (THES-QS), released at 5 October 2006, ITB was placed on the 258th among other universities around the globe. In terms of web publication quality, in July 2006, Webometrics placed ITB in the 43rd position of The 100 Top Asian Universities List. [cite news|publisher=Webomatrics|title=World Universities' ranking on the Web: Top Asia|date=July 2006|accessdate=2006-11-04|url=http://www.webometrics.info/top100_continent.asp?cont=asia]

Research

tudent Life

The typical student life in the Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) can be categorized into 4 general phases [11] .

At the first phase of the study, which occurred in the first year, the students will not yet pursue courses related to their specific majors. This so called "Tahap Pesiapan Bersama" (TPB) phase, includes general science and education courses such as calculus, physics, chemistry, languages, politics, moral studies, and other few courses that serve as an introduction to the students specific majors. To advance to the second phase, the student will need to obtain a CGPA>2, with all courses' grades of C or better.

In the second and third year, so called the "Sarjana Muda" phase, students pursue courses related to their specific major. Here, a few courses might be offered from other departments due to the needs in providing necessary foundations. For example, in the Chemical Engineering (Teknik Kimia) track, the students will be required to take the Organic Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, and Physical Chemistry classes from the Chemistry Department.

The final phase (fourth year), so called the "sarjana" phase, is the final phase of which the students pursue a more advanced courses in their related fields, and also a few classes related to introductory management and economical sciences.

The typical daily life of an ITB student, other than taking classes, includes the choice of meals on several university cafeterias. On their free time, some students choose to study in the library, while some others chooses to meet friends whom are associated with similar interests, i.e. student organizations, etc.

Notable People and Alumni

* Sukarno, the first President of Indonesia
* Jusuf Habibie, the third President of Indonesia
* Onno Purbo, Indonesian social entrepreneur, pioneer of low cost information and communication technologies in Indonesia
* Tjokorda Raka Sukawati, creator of Sosrobahu construction technique
* Taufik Akbar, Indonesian astronauts
* Hartono Rekso Dharsono, the first General Secretary of ASEAN
* Pantur Silaban, Indonesian physicist in theory of relativity
* Samaun Samadikun, Indonesian scientist dedicated to development of electronics] [http://www.ias-worldwide.org/profiles/prof63.htm]
* Mangunwijaya, Indonesian architect, writer, and Catholic religious leader
* Joko Anwar, Indonesian film director
* Hatta Rajasa, Indonesian former minister
* Josephus Ignatius Gerardus Maria Drost, Indonesian education figure
* Wimar Witoelar, Indonesian public speaker; mass media columnist
* Sujiwo Tejo, Indonesian writer, painter, musician
* Herman Johannes, Indonesian professor, scientist and politician
* Ramadhan K.H., Indonesian writer and novelist;
* Bambang Hidayat, Indonesian astronomer; former vice president of International Astronomical Union
* Winardi Sutantyo, Indonesian astrophysician [http://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-iarticle_query?1975A%26A....41...47S Supernova Explosions in Close Binary System]
* Karsani Aulia, Indonesian Senior Geologist (resource: [http://www.slb.com/media/services/resources/oilfieldreview/ors01/spr01/contributors.pdf Karsani's Profile] ; notable petroleum expert and representing Indonesia in the United Nations Fourteenth Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-14), 1-12 May 2006 | United Nations Headquarters, New York. Resource: [http://www.iisd.ca/csd/csd14/9may.html CSD-14]
* Wiranto Arismunandar, former Indonesian minister of education in 1998, one of the first native Indonesian professor in Mechanical Engineering.
* Karno Barkah, Indonesian aviation pioneer, recipient of the French Légion d'honneur, former President Director of the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport.
* Purnomo Yusgiantoro, Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources
* Purwa Caraka, Indonesian famous music composer. He is one of the best Indonesian music composer.
* Kusmayanto Kadiman, current Minister of Research and Technology of Indonesia

References

11. ^ [http://www.itb.ac.id/education/ "Institut Teknologi Bandung: Sistem Pendidikan"] "(English: Institute of Technology Bandung: Education Systems)", Retrieved on 2008-09-29

External links

* [http://www.itb.ac.id Official website]
* [http://www.ia-itb.com Alumni association]


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