Gers


Gers
For the football team, see Rangers FC. For the annual GERS report, see Government Expenditure and Revenue Scotland.
Gers
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of the Gers in France
Coordinates: 43°39′N 0°35′E / 43.65°N 0.583°E / 43.65; 0.583Coordinates: 43°39′N 0°35′E / 43.65°N 0.583°E / 43.65; 0.583
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Prefecture Auch
Subprefectures Condom
Mirande
Government
 – President of the General Council Philippe Martin (PS)
Area1
 – Total 6,257 km2 (2,415.8 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 – Total 172,335
 – Rank 89th
 – Density 27.5/km2 (71.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 32
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 31
Communes 463
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

The Gers (French: le Gers, Gascon: Gers, pronounced: [ʒɛʁs] or [ʒɛʁ]) is a department in the Midi-Pyrénées region in the southwest of France named after the Gers River.

Inhabitants are called les Gersois or Gersoises.

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, the Lordship of L'Isle-Jourdain was nearby.

The Gers is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

In 1808 it lost Lavit on its the north-eastern side to the newly created department of Tarn-et-Garonne.

Culture

The culture is largely agricultural, with great emphasis on the local gastronomical specialties such as:

Also, some prominent cultivated crops are corn, colza, sunflowers and grain.

The Gascon language is a dialect of Occitan, but it is not widely spoken.The department is characterised by sleepy bastide villages and rolling hills with the Pyrenees visible to the south.

Alexandre Dumas, père created the famous Gersois d'Artagnan, the fourth musketeer of The Three Musketeers. A museum to d'Artagnan is found in the Gersois village of Lupiac.

A horse race at the Auteuil Hippodrome has been named after André Boingnères, a notable local race-horse owner and the successful mayor of Termes-d'Armagnac between 1951 and 1976.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Philippe Martin of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 17
Union for a Popular Movement 9
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Left 1
Miscellaneous Right 1

Geography and demography

Located in southwestern France, the Gers is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region. It is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. The Gers is often referred to as amongst the least densely populated, or most rural, areas in all of Western Europe.

List of the 10 most important cities of the département:

# Municipality Population (1999)
1 Auch 21 911
2 Condom 7 256
3 Fleurance 6 279
4 L'Isle-Jourdain 5 557
5 Lectoure 3 941
6 Eauze 3 888
7 Vic-Fezensac 3 614
8 Mirande 3 564
9 Gimont 2 741
10 Pavie 2 220

Climate

The annual rain varies from more than 900 mm in the south-west of the department, to less than 700 mm in the North-East (Auch, Condom, Lectoure).

The winters vary, with only occasional freezing temperatures, but the climate remains mild and dry, the departement is one of sunniest in France.

The summers are very hot and dry, the temperatures often is exceeding 40°. Auch is together with Toulouse and Millau one of the hottest cities of France, with often more than 300 sunny days in the year.

Tourism

According to recent data tourism represents annually:

  • 610 000 tourists,
  • 5.900.000 nights,
  • 22.100 commercial beds,
  • 2 400 paid employment related to tourism,
  • the tourist represent an equivalent of 17.100 permanent inhabitants,
  • their estimated expenditure is 141.000.000 €.

See also

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gers — bezeichnet Gers (Fluss), Zufluss der Garonne in Südfrankreich Gers (Schwalm), Zufluss der Schwalm in Hessen Département Gers, Département in Frankreich Gers ist außerdem der Name von Janick Gers, Hardrock Gitarrist GERS steht überdies für den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gers — ● Gers es un departamento de Gascuña, Francia. Debe su nombre al río Gers. ● The Gers, The Gers o simplemente Gers es un apodo o abreviatura del nombre Rangers F.C., uno de los dos principales equipos de fútbol de Glasgow, Escocia. * * * Río del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gers — (spr. Schehr), 1) Fluß im südwestlichen Frankreich, entspringt auf den Haiden von Pinas in einem Pyrenäenzweige, im Arrondissement Bagnères des Departements Hautes Pyrénées, fließt durch das Departement Gers in das Departement Lot u. Garonne,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • gers — ˈgers dialect Britain variant of grass * * * /zherdd/, n. a department in SW France. 175,366; 2429 sq. mi. (6290 sq. km). Cap.: Auch. * * * gers(s, gers see grass, grass …   Useful english dictionary

  • gers- — gers(s, gers see grass, grass …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gers [1] — Gers (spr. schǟr), Fluß im südwestlichen Frankreich, entspringt im Depart. Oberpyrenäen, auf dem Plateau von Lannemezan, durchfließt das nach ihm benannte Departement und mündet nach einem Laufe von 178 km bei Layrac links in die Garonne. Der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gers [2] — Gers (spr. schǟr), Departement im südwestlichen Frankreich, nach dem gleichnamigen Fluß benannt, wurde aus mehreren Landschaften der Provinz Gascogne (Armagnac, Astarac, Comminges, Condomois, Fezensac, Lomagne) gebildet, grenzt im N. an das… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gers — Gers, Ellenmaß, s. Göß …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gers [2] — Gers (spr. schähr), l. Nebenfluß der Garonne im südwestl. Frankreich, kommt von den Pyrenäen, mündet nach 170 km oberhalb Agen. – Das Dep. G., aus Armagnac, Astarac, Condomois u.a. gebildet, 6291 qkm, (1901) 238.448 E.; Hauptstadt Auch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gers — (Schär), Nebenfluß der Garonne, von dem das Depart. G. benannt ist; dieses zählt 1141/2 QM. mit 308000 E., ist hügelig. nicht besonders fruchtbar, hat jedoch guten Weinbau, keine bedeutende Industrie. Hauptstadt: Auch …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Gers — (le) riv. de France, en Gascogne (178 km), affl. de la Garonne (r. g.). Dép.: 6 291 km²; 174 587 hab.; ch. l. Auch (24 728 hab.). V. Midi Pyrénées (Rég.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.