Vosges


Vosges
Vosges
—  Department  —

Coat of arms
Location of Vosges in France
Coordinates: 48°10′N 06°25′E / 48.167°N 6.417°E / 48.167; 6.417Coordinates: 48°10′N 06°25′E / 48.167°N 6.417°E / 48.167; 6.417
Country France
Region Lorraine
Prefecture Épinal
Subprefectures Neufchâteau
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
Government
 – President of the General Council Christian Poncelet
Area1
 – Total 5,874 km2 (2,268 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 – Total 380,952
 – Rank 60th
 – Density 64.9/km2 (168/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 88
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 31
Communes 515
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vosges (French pronunciation: [voːʒ]) is a French department, named after the local mountain range. It contains the hometown of Joan of Arc, Domrémy.

Contents

History

The Vosges department is one of the original 83 departments of France, created on February 9, 1790 during the French Revolution.[1] It was made of territories that had been part of the province of Lorraine. In German it is referred to as Vogesen.

In 1793 the independent principality of Salm-Salm (town of Senones and its surroundings), enclosed inside the Vosges department, was annexed to France and incorporated into Vosges. In 1795 the area of Schirmeck was detached from the Bas-Rhin department and incorporated into the Vosges department.[2] The Vosges department had now an area of 6,127 km² (2,366 sq. miles) which it kept until 1871.

In 1794 the Vosges was the site of a major battle between the forces of Revolutionary France and the Allied Coalition. See Battle of the Vosges.

The Place des Vosges in Paris was so renamed in 1799 when the department became the first to pay the new Revolutionary taxes.

After the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871, 4% of the Vosges department in the extreme northeast of the department were annexed to the German Empire by the Treaty of Frankfurt on the ground that the people there spoke Germanic dialects. The area annexed on May 18, 1871 corresponded to the canton of Schirmeck and the northern half of the canton of Saales. Schirmeck and Saales had been historically part of Alsace. These territories, along with the rest of Alsace and the annexed territories of Lorraine, became part of the Reichsland of Elsaß-Lothringen. The area of the Vosges department was thus reduced to its current 5,874 km² (2,268 sq. miles).

In 1919, with the French victory in the First World War, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France by Germany at the Treaty of Versailles. However, Schirmeck and Saales were not returned to the Vosges department, but instead were incorporated into the recreated Bas-Rhin department.

Geography

The largest cities are Épinal, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Gérardmer and Remiremont.

While the west part of the Vosges is flat sedimentary land (well suited for mineral waters), the east is closed by an old granite mountain (top is Grand Ballon, 1424m).

The Saône river rises at Vioménil, in the Vosges.

Culture

The Roman fortified town of Grand, located 30 km from Toul, has an amphitheatre and a temple to the Cult of Apollo.

Miscellaneous topics

See also

References

  1. ^ "Vosges tourisme > Histoire" (in French). Site officiel du Conseil général des Vosges. http://www.vosges.fr/cg88/frontoffice/document.asp?num=73&lan=1. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 
  2. ^ P.S. (2002). "L'Essor, Revue trimestrielle de Schirmeck" (in French) (PDF). Le Pays lorrain (Société d'archéologie lorraine et du Musée historique lorrain) 83: 255. ISSN 00313394. http://books.google.com/?id=mthnAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA255&lpg=PA255&dq=Schirmeck+1795&q=Schirmeck%201795. Retrieved 3 August 2009. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vosges — Region Lothringen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vosges — ● Vosges La ligne bleue des Vosges, expression empruntée au testament de Jules Ferry et associée à la reconquête de l Alsace Lorraine. ● Vosges (expressions) La ligne bleue des Vosges, expression empruntée au testament de Jules Ferry et associée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vosges — Vosges, so v.w. Vogesen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vosges — (franz., spr. wōsch ) s. Vogesen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vosges — (spr. wohsch), franz. Name der Vogesen. – Das franz. Dep. (Les) V. besteht aus dem Südteile von Lothringen, 5903 qkm, (1901) 421.104 E.; Hauptstadt Epinal …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vosges —   [voːʒ],    1) französischer Name der Vogesen.    2) Département in Ostfrankreich, in der Region Lothringen, 5 874 km2, 381 000 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz: Épinal.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vosges — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Plusieurs zones géographiques ont rapport au terme « Vosges »: Le massif des Vosges, un massif montagneux du nord est de la France. Le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vosges — /vohzh/, n. 1. a range of low mountains in NE France: highest peak, 4668 ft. (1423 m). 2. a department in NE France. 397,957; 2279 sq. mi. (5905 sq. km). Cap.: Épinal. * * * ▪ massif, France       massif extending west of the Rhine River Valley… …   Universalium

  • Vosges — Sp Vogėzai Ap Vosges L kk. ir dep. ŠR Prancūzijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Vosges — geographical name mountains NE France on W side of Rhine valley; highest point 4672 feet (1424 meters) …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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