Essonne


Essonne

Infobox_Department_of_France
department=Essonne|number=91
region=Île-de-France
prefecture=Évry
subprefectures=Étampes
Palaiseau
population=1,193,497
1,134,238|pop_date=Jan.1, 2006 estimate
-March 8, 1999 census|pop_rank=14th|density=662
area=1,804|area_scale=9
arrond=3|cantons=42|communes=196
president=Michel Berson|pres_party=PS
img_coa=blason91.png

Essonne is a French department in the region of Île-de-France. It is named after the Essonne River.

It was formed on January 1, 1968 with the split of the Seine-et-Oise department.

History

The Essonne department was created on January 1, 1968, from the southern portion of the former department of Seine-et-Oise.

In 1969, the communes of Châteaufort and Toussus-le-Noble were separated from Essonne and added to the department of Yvelines.

Geography

Essonne belongs to the region of Île-de-France.

It has borders with the departments of:
*Hauts-de-Seine and Val-de-Marne to the north,
*Seine-et-Marne to the east,
*Loiret to the south,
*Eure-et-Loir and Yvelines to the west.

All of northern Essonne department belongs to the Parisian agglomeration and is very urbanized. The south remains rural.

In descending order, the cities over 25,000 population are: Évry, Corbeil-Essonnes, Massy, Savigny-sur-Orge, Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, Viry-Châtillon, Athis-Mons, Palaiseau, Draveil, Yerres, Les Ulis, and Vigneux-sur-Seine. Milly-la-Forêt is an example of its more rural communes.

Notable Places

*L'École Polytechnique: Founded in 1794, L'Ecole Polytechnique is one of the most prestigious engineering universities in France. This university is ranked 10th in the world by Times Higher Education Supplement in 2005. Its campus is in the town of Palaiseau.
*Université de Paris-Sud: One of the best public schools in France, it is ranked 52nd by Academic Ranking of World Universities. It is best known for its physics department. Located in Orsay, Essonne, about 26,000 students are enrolled.
*The Headquarters of the Arianespace Company: A major commercial aerospace launcher, servicing companies who wish to launch satellites into space.
* Château de Montlhéry: Originally having been an ancient fort during Roman times, the first feudal lords began to inhabit the castle around 1000 AD. One major battle was fought in the castle during its lifetime. In 1465, Charles the Rash and French King Louis XI fought in the plains in front of the castle. In 1842, the reconstruction of the castle was started, and currently is being maintained by the local town of Montlhery
* Château de Courances
* The Forest of Sénart: Covering 3,500 hectares in area, this forest is very important to the local population. The local government has kept roads and agricultural companies from cutting down parts of this forest. There are roughly 2-3 million visitors a year, and the government spends 1.2 million euros a year maintaining the forest.

Demographics

Immigration

France immigration
collectivity_name=Essonne
census_year=1999
metropolitan_France=84.7
outside_metropolitan_France=15.3
overseas_France=1.8
foreign_French= 2.8
EU-15=4.0
non-EU-15=6.7

ee also

*Cantons of the Essonne department
*Communes of the Essonne department
*Arrondissements of the Essonne department

External links

* [http://www.essonne.pref.gouv.fr Prefecture website]
* [http://www.essonne.fr/ General council website]
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/essonne/pool/ Flickr Photography Group for Essone region]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Essonne — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Essonne …   Wikipedia Español

  • Essonne — steht für: Essonne (Fluss), ein Fluss in Frankreich Département Essonne, ein Département in Frankreich Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Essonne — Essonne, linker Nebenfluß der Seine, entsteht auf dem Plateau von Orléans bei Neuville (Loiret) durch die Vereinigung des Oeuf und der Rimarde, zeichnet sich durch seine gleichmäßige Wassermenge aus und mündet nach einem Laufe von 90 km bei… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Essonne — (91) es un departamento francés, perteneciente a la región Isla de Francia, en la que transcurre el río del mismo nombre. Tiene una población de 1.134.238 habitantes y comprende una extensión de 1804 km2. Limita con los departamentos de Altos del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Essonne — (l ) riv. de France (90 km), affl. de la Seine (r. g.). Dép.: 1 804 km²; 1 084 824 hab.; ch. l. évry (45 854 hab.). V. Île de France (Rég.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Essonne —   [ɛ sɔn],    1) die, linker Zufluss der Seine, Frankreich, mündet bei Corbeil Essonnes, südlich von Paris.    2) Département in Frankreich, südlich von Paris, in der Île de France, 1 804 km2, 1,133 Mio. Einwohner; Verwaltun …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Essonne —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents lieux partageant un même toponyme. L Essonne est une rivière française affluente de la Seine. L Essonne (91) est un département français qui tire son nom de la rivière éponyme. Plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Essonne — Sp Esònas Ap Essonne L u. ir dep. Š Prancūzijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Essonne — /e sawn /, n. a department in N France. 923,061; 699 sq. mi. (1810 sq. km). Cap.: Évry. * * * …   Universalium

  • Essonne — /ɛˈsɒn/ (say e son) noun a department in northern central France. 1813 km2. Capital: Evry …   Australian English dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.