- Ramleh Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery
Infobox Military Cemetery
name= Ramleh Cemetery
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
total= • 3,300 (World War I)
• 1,168 (World War II)
• 525 (non-War)
unknowns= 964 (World War I)
United Kingdom3,608 • India528 • Poland272• New Zealand94• France77• Australia71• High Commission Territories58• Italy41• Africa41• South Africa35• British West Indies23• Arab12• Yugoslavia11• Czechoslovakia7• Belgium3• Seychelles2• Norway2• Canada2 Central Powers:
Turkey416• Germany31• Austria2
Commonwealth War Graves CommissionCemetery and Memorial to the Missing is for personnel of both World Wars, and the period of the British mandate of Palestinelocated in the town of Ramlain Israel.
The cemetery grounds were assigned to the
United Kingdomin perpetuity by the municipality of Ramla in recognition of the sacrifices made by the British Empirein the defence and liberation of Palestineduring the war. It is the largest cemetery for Commonwealth forces in Israel.
The cemetery dates from the
First World War, when Ramleh was occupied by the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on 1 November 1917. Field ambulances, and later casualty clearing stations, were posted at Ramleh and Lydda from December 1917 onwards. The cemetery was begun by the medical units, but some graves were brought in later from the battlefields and from Latron, Sarona and Wilhema Military and Indian Cemeteries. During the Second World War, this cemetery was used by the Ramla Royal Air Force Station and by various Commonwealth hospitals posted in turn to the area for varying periods.
Within Ramleh War Cemetery will be found the Ramleh 1914-18 Memorial, erected in 1961 to commemorate more than 300 Commonwealth, German and Turkish servicemen of the First World War who lie buried in cemeteries elsewhere in Israel where their graves could no longer be maintained. Only 74 of the casualties are named. The Ramleh 1939-45 Memorial, commemorating 28 Jewish and non Arab servicemen of the Second World War, and six non-war casualties of the Palestine Police Force, who lie buried in cemeteries elsewhere in Israel where their graves could not be maintained in perpetuity.
Ramleh Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery
The cemetery lies on a plain looking towards the hills of
Judeain the general dirction of Jerusalem. The location is close to the site of the Battle of Junction Station (13 to 14 November 1917). One notable grave from this period is that of Captain Neil Primrose MC ( 14 December 1882– 17 November 1917), British Liberal politician and soldier, who was the second son of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Roseberyand Hannah de Rothschild, and brother of the writer Lady Sybil Grant.
The cemetery was in use throughout the period of the
British mandate of Palestineincluding the Second World Warup to the start of May 1948. Among those buried there are the two British sergeants, Mervyn Paiceand Clifford Martin, who were hanged by the Irgunin 1947 in response to the death sentences carried out on three of their members by the British Mandate authorities.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Neil Primrose (politician) — For other people of the same name, see Neil Primrose (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Neil Primrose PC, MC Neil Primrose in 1913 … Wikipedia
The Sergeants affair — Terrorism Definitions · Counter terrorism International conventions Anti terrorism legislation Terrorism insurance … Wikipedia