- USS Peto (SS-265)
USS "Peto" (SS-265), a "Gato"-class
submarine, was a ship of the United States Navynamed for the peto, a sharp-nosed tropical fish of the mackerelfamily.
"Peto" (SS-265) was laid down
18 June 1941by the Manitowoc Shipbuilding Company, Manitowoc, Wisc.; launched 30 April 1942; sponsored by Mrs. E. A. Lofquist; and commissioned 21 November 1942, Lt. Comdr. William T. Nelson in command.
Late in December 1942 "Peto" decommissioned, was loaded on a
barge, and departed Manitowoc for New Orleans, the first submarine to traverse the mid-western waterways to reach New Orleans and the sea from the building yards. The ship recommissioned, completed fitting out and shakedown, sailed for the Panama Canaland arrived Brisbane, Australia 14 March 1943.
First war patrol, April – May 1943
"Peto" departed Brisbane for her first war patrol
2 April. The submarine reconnoitered Greenwich Islandfor shipping on the 13th without finding any targets. That night she proceeded toward the equator to cover the Truk- Kaviengroute, arriving on station the next day. A south-bound, Truk- Rabaulconvoy came into view on the morning of 17 April, consisting of two destroyers, two medium freighters, and one small auxiliary. However, before "Peto" attacked, the trailing destroyer detected the submarine and forced her to dive. She withstood nine depth charges without damage.
5 Mayshe made a night attack conducted by sound and radaralone, firing three torpedoes at a target for one possible hit. After patrolling off Cape Oxford, "Peto" headed for Brisbane 20 May.
Second war patrol, June – August 1943
"Peto" departed on her second war patrol
10 June. On 29 Juneshe fired two torpedoes at a small auxiliary. One torpedo hit near the bow, breaking the ship in two. On 7 Julyshe sighted an east-bound tanker similar to "Nippon Maru" with two escorting destroyers. "Peto" maneuvered and fired three torpedoes; two hits causing severe damage. She returned to Brisbane 4 August.
Third war patrol, September – October 1943
1 September"Peto" set out on her third war patrol, which was held in the area north of the Bismarck Archipelago. After reconnoitering NauruHarbor, she patrolled the route between Truk and Nauru for five days without contact. "Peto" moved to the Truk-Kavieng-Rabaul traffic routes on 20 September; and two days later, sighted five escorted ships headed toward Rabaul. She lost her attack chance at the last moment when the enemy made a radical change of course. While "Peto" attempted to close for a night attack, an alert escort only convert|7000|yd away detected her. The enemy ship opened fire on the submarine, forcing her to crash dive.
24 Septemberto 26 September, "Peto" patrolled off the Admiralty Islandswithout contacts. On 1 October"Peto" sighted three medium freighters with only one sub-chaser as escort, and fired six torpedoes, hitting two of the ships. Post-war investigation revealed that 4,930-ton "Tonei Maru" and 4,980-ton "Kinkasan Maru" were both sunk. "Peto" returned to Brisbane, Australia 21 October.
Fourth war patrol, November 1943 – January 1944
14 November 1943, she fueled at Tulagi, and set out for her patrol area 24 November. On 1 December, she sighted an enemy convoy consisting of two passengercargo vessels with three small escorts. She fired six torpedoes at the nearest and largest ship, 2,345-ton "Konei Maru", which broke up and sank. On 9 December, while firing on a ship in a convoy, her target apparently saw the torpedoes coming and turned toward them to avoid being hit. An escort then drove "Peto" down and administered a thorough depth charging.
Fifth war patrol, February – March 1944
2 February 1944she set course for Tulagi, arriving there 5 Februaryfor fuel before departing the following day for her patrol area. On 10 February"Peto" sailed to rendezvous with submarine USS|Cero|SS-225|2.
19 Februaryshe attacked a ship with three escorts and one of her torpedoes struck home. The target was immediately engulfed in black smoke and depth charges were heard in the distance. "Peto" surfaced and found the escorts depth charging "Cero"'s position. After closing "Cero" slowly, she fired two rounds from her convert|3|in|mm|sing=on deck gun at the escorts, and as the escorts returned the fire she withdrew, giving "Cero" a chance to escape unharmed.
23 February, "Peto" sailed for Langemak Bayto refuel and obtain spare parts. She arrived 27 February. On 1 Marchshe headed for her area again and on 3 Marchmade an unsuccessful attack on an enemy merchantman. The next day, she fired six torpedoes at a cargo ship and then went deep to listen as escorts were near. Two hits were heard, followed by a loud, deep explosion. Three minutes later breaking up noises were heard, and splashes from debris falling in the water could be heard for several minutes. The escorts dropped 13 depth charges before giving up. "Peto" had sunk 4,369-ton "Kayo Maru". On 16 March"Peto" set course for Midway Island where she arrived 25 March. She sailed on for Pearl Harborthe same day arriving on 29 March.
Sixth war patrol, April – June 1944
28 April"Peto" and USS|Perch|SS-313|2, along with an escort, sailed for her patrol area south of Formosa. She sailed from Midway 2 Maywith "Perch" and USS|Picuda|SS-382|2 joining the wolf pack. Arriving in her area, "Peto" began looking for shipping worthy of her torpedoes. Only six ship contacts were made during the entire patrol and a favorable attack position could not be obtained on any due to aircraft in the vicinity or shallow water. She returned to Midway 15 Juneand later that day sailed for Pearl Harbor with USS|Kingfish|SS-234|2, arriving 19 June. On 21 Juneshe sailed on for San Francisco, Calif., for major alterations at the Bethlehem Steel Companyyards.
Seventh war patrol, September – December 1944
29 September 1944"Peto" sailed westward again, reached Pearl Harbor 7 October, and arrived Midway Island 27 October, where she joined USS|Spadefish|SS-411|2 and USS|Sunfish|SS-281|2. Task Group 17.13 arrived in their assigned area in the Yellow Sea 9 November.
12 November"Peto" heard a loud explosion and saw a large flash. A burning ship with hull down was seen to the east and it was assumed USS|Barb|SS-220|2, which was also in the vicinity, had connected. Peto sent her crew to their battle stations and sent four torpedoes at the nearest ship of the convoy. Two hits were heard and the target slowed down and dropped back, though it didn’t stop. "Peto" fired her remaining two forward torpedoes at a second target and swung around to bring her stern tubes to bear. She fired 4 torpedoes at the third target. The torpedoes fired from the bow tubes struck home as the leading ship, 2,766-ton "Tatsuaki Maru", blew up and promptly sank. Two hits were heard on the third target and she was immediately engulfed in dense black smoke. "Peto" then scurried for cover, as it was getting light fast. She took her last look at the third target and noted that it was ablaze.
18 November, "Peto" made contact with one ship which was apparently lost and without an escort. She fired three torpedoes, the first hitting and setting the target ablaze. The second missed but the third hit and the target blow up and burned much brighter. "Peto" came around for a coup de grace but saw that it was unnecessary as only the stern of 6,923-ton "Aisakasan Maru" was above the water, still burning like an inferno. She contacted another enemy ship, dead in the water with two escorts near, and sent three torpedoes streaking after the cargo ship. One torpedo hit the target and 2,827-ton "Chinkai Mara" sank in four minutes. On 29 November, "Peto" attacked a small coastal tanker with her last torpedoes and she sailed for home.
Eighth war patrol, December 1944 – April 1945
"Peto" arrived at
Guam 6 Decemberand underwent a refit before sailing for Pearl Harbor where she arrived 2 January 1945. "Peto" departed from Pearl Harbor in company with USS|Thresher|SS-200|2, USS|Shad|SS-235|2, and USS|Tilefish|SS-307|2 31 January, topped off at Saipan 12 February, and headed for her patrol area the following day. However, she met no suitable targets on her 8th war patrol. She arrived Midway 9 April.
Ninth war patrol, May – June 1945
4 May"Peto" got underway for her ninth war patrol. Off Marcus Island 12 May, she guided friendly pilots to their targets. None of the planes were hit. On 21 May, "Peto" closed to the coast of Manus and took pictures of enemy shore installations. The next day she headed via Saipan for Guamarriving 19 June.
Tenth war patrol, July – September 1945
14 Julyshe stood out on her tenth and last war patrol. On 24 July, she rescued two pilots from USS|Lexington|CV-16|3, one with gunshot wounds in both legs. On 25 Julyher guns sank a sampan, and the same day she saved nine more downed aviators. On 10 Augustshe picked up a Royal Navypilot from HMS|Formidable|R67|6.
15 August"Peto" was assigned a life guard station to cover air strikes on the Japanese home islands, but hostilities ceased. The next day, "Peto" sailed for the Panama Canal Zone, arriving 15 September. On the 17th she sailed for New Orleans, arriving on the 21st.
"Peto" joined the Atlantic Fleet and
25 June 1946was placed out of commission in reserve, berthed at New London, Conn. She remained in reserve until November 1956 when she became Naval Reserve Training submarine for the 8th Naval District. She was struck from the Navy List 1 August 1960. She was sold for scrapping 10 November 1960.
"Peto" received eight
battle stars for World War IIservice.
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/08/08265.htm navsource.org: USS "Peto"]
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