1875 in the United Kingdom


1875 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1875 in the United Kingdom.

Incumbents

*Monarch - Victoria of the United Kingdom
*Prime Minister - Benjamin Disraeli, Conservative

Events

* 1 January - Midland Railway abolishes Second Class passenger facilities, leaving First Class and Third Class. Other British Railway companies followed Midland's lead during the rest of the year. (Third Class was renamed Second Class in 1956).
* 1 April - "The Times" publishes the first daily weather map.cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-141-02715-0|year=2006]
* 7 May - SS Schiller wrecks on rocks off the Isles of Scilly.
* 29 May - British Arctic Expedition: George Nares sets sail on an expedition to attempt to reach the North Pole via Smith Sound.
* 31 July - Public Health Act 1875 establishes a code of practice for sanitation across the country.cite book |last=Palmer |first=Alan & Veronica |year=1992 |title= The Chronology of British History|publisher= Century Ltd|location=London|pages= 297-298|isbn= 0-7126-5616-2]
* August - Scottish football team Hibernian F.C. founded.
* 13 August - Food and Drugs Act 1875 makes adulteration of food or drugs an offence.
* 25 August - Captain Matthew Webb becomes the first person to swim the English Channel.
* September - Joseph Bazalgette completes the 30-year construction of London's sewer system.
* 6 December - passenger steamship "Deutschland" runs aground at Kentish Knock resulting in the death of 157 passengers and crew.

Undated

* English football team Birmingham City F.C. founded.

Publications

* Anthony Trollope's novel "The Way We Live Now".

Births

* 4 January - William Williams, poet and Archdruid (died 1968)
* 1 April - Edgar Wallace, writer (died 1932)
* 15 August - Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, composer (died 1912)
* 26 August - John Buchan, novelist and politician (died 1940)
* 10 September - John Evans, Welsh politician (died 1961)
* 18 September - Arthur Henry Knighton-Hammond, water-colourist (died 1970)
* 12 October - Aleister Crowley, occultist (died 1947)
* 26 October - Sir Lewis Casson, artist (died 1969)
* 11 November - Johnny Jenkins, racing driver (died 1945)
* "date unknown"
** T. F. Powys, Anglo-Welsh writer (died 1953)

Deaths

* 23 January - Charles Kingsley, writer (born 1819)
* 22 February - Sir Charles Lyell, geologist (born 1797)
* 7 March - James Hope Grant, military leader (born 1808)
* 22 March - Alexander Thomson, architect (born 1817)
* 27 July - Connop Thirlwall, bishop (born 1797)
* 19 August - Robert Elis, writer (born 1812)
* 19 October - Charles Wheatstone, physicist (born 1802)

References

ee also


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