Oemleria


Oemleria
Oemleria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Prunoideae or Spiraeoideae [1]
Genus: Oemleria
Species: O. cerasiformis
Binomial name
Oemleria cerasiformis
(Torr. & Gray ex Hook. & Arn.) Landon

Oemleria cerasiformis, also known as the Osoberry and Indian Plum, is the sole species in genus Oemleria. It is a shrub native to the Pacific coast and ranges of North America, from British Columbia, Canada to Santa Barbara County, California, U.S.A.[2] It is among the first plants to leaf out and flowers early in the spring. It reaches a height of 1.5–5 m and has lance-shaped leaves 5–12 cm long. Native Americans eat them, make tea of the bark, and chew its twigs to use as a mild anesthetic and aphrodisiac.[3]

character description[4]
Leaf Alternate, simple, deciduous; generally elliptical or oblong, 2 to 5 inches long, light green and smooth above and paler below; margins are entire to wavy; fresh foliage smells and may taste like cucumber. Among the first plant to leaf-out in the spring.
Flower Dioecious; whitish-green, bell-shaped, often appear in late winter before the leaves. About 1 cm across.
Fruit Ovoid drupes up to 1/2 inch long, orange or yellow when young but blue-black when mature; borne on a red stem. Bitter taste.
Twig Slender, green turning to reddish brown, pith chambered, conspicuous orange lenticles.
Bark Smooth, reddish brown to dark gray.
Form An erect, loosely branched shrub reaching 15 feet.

Contents

Synonyms

  • Osmaronia (Greene)
  • Nuttallia (Torr. & A.Gray)

Images

References

  1. ^ Potter, D.; Eriksson, T.; Evans, R.C.; Oh, S.H.; Smedmark, J.E.E.; Morgan, D.R.; Kerr, M.; Robertson, K.R.; Arsenault, M.P.; Dickinson, T.A.; Campbell, C.S. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43.
  2. ^ ""USDA PLANTS Profile: Oemleria cerasiformis". http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OECE. 
  3. ^ Pojar, Jim; Andy MacKinnon (2004). Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Lone Pine Publishing. pp. 72. ISBN 978-1551055305. 
  4. ^ ""Oemleria cerasiformis Fact Sheet". http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=220. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Oemleria — cerasiformis Oemleria cerasiformis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oemleria —   Oemleria cerasiformis …   Wikipedia Español

  • Oemleria — ID 56843 Symbol Key OEMLE Common Name oemleria Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, OR, WA Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Oemleria cerasiformis — Oemleria cerasiformis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oemleria cerasiformis — Oemleria cerasiformis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oemleria Rchb. — Symbol OEMLE Common Name oemleria Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Oemleria cerasiformis — ID 56844 Symbol Key OECE Common Name Indian plum Family Rosaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, OR, WA Growth Habit Tree, Shrub Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & A. Gray ex Hook. & Arn.) Landon — Symbol OECE Common Name Indian plum Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & A. Gray ex Hook. & Arn.) Landon — Symbol OECE Common Name Indian plum Botanical Family Rosaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Эмлерия — Эмлерия …   Википедия


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