- Elizabeth Street, Melbourne
Elizabeth Street is one of the main north-south streets in the central business district of
Melbourne, Australia, part of the Hoddle Gridlaid out in 1837. The origin of its name is uncertain, but the most likely explanation is that it was named for the wife of Governor Bourke (for whom Bourke Street is named)Fact|date=February 2008.
From the south, the street runs from
Flinders Street Stationpast the western end of the Bourke Street Mall, with the Queen Victoria Marketto the west at the northern end of the CBD. The street terminates in a large, complex roundaboutat the northern end, which connects to Peel Street to the south-west, Flemington Road to the north-west, Royal Parade, the beginning of the Hume Highway, the main route to Sydneyto the north, and Grattan Street to the East. This complex, high-traffic roundabout is further complicated by the trams travelling through it on several different routes.
Elizabeth Street is the lowest point in the Melbourne central business district, with land rising both to the east and west, and more gradually to the north. It has been the site of numerous floods in Melbourne's history. The Elizabeth Street drain runs from Carlton in the north to the
Yarra Riverin the south, carrying stormwater from the inner northern suburbs and city centre. This drain is a significant source of pollutants entering the lower Yarra.
As well as Flinders Street station at the southern end, there is a train station on the City Loop at the Melbourne Central shopping centre (the entrance is near the corner of Latrobe and Elizabeth), and regular route 19 trams to
Coburg North, route 59 trams to Airport West and route 57 trams to West Maribyrnong.
As might be expected, there are a large number of retail shops on Elizabeth Street. As well as the
Melbourne Centralshopping centre, Elizabeth Street is home to a number of photographyretailers, and a considerable number of motorcycledealers. The street has been the home of motorcycle retailing in inner Melbourne since 1903, the longest-existing such area in the world.
St Francis Church
The St Francis Church, which is a
Catholicchurch is situated at the corner of Elizabeth and Lonsdale streets. It is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.
* [http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/mediacat/miscpics/0/0/9/doc/mp009055.shtml Elizabeth Street in flood, 1882]
* [http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/environ/design/flood.shtml Elizabeth Street flood, 1972]
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