- All commodity volume
All commodity volume (value) (ACV) represents the total annual sales volume of retailers that can be aggregated from individual store-level up to larger Geographical sets. This
measureis typically presented millions dollars ($MM) in the United States, but may be represented in other currenciesas appropriate.
The total dollar sales that go into ACV include the entire store inventory sales, rather than sales for a specific category of products - Hence the term "all commodity volume".
ACV is best related to the key
marketingconcept of placement (Distribution).
Usage discussion of ACV
When dividing total sales for an outlet into ACV million dollar blocks, it allows for
equivalizationacross inherently different sized market or retailers in size. A large share of sales in Des Moinesmay or may not be as important as having a lesser share in New York City. The open question in the above case can be resolved by dividing sales regardless of outlet into a sales rate per $MM.
Assume in a city there are two hardware retailers.
* The first retailer boasts five
big-boxstore locations that boast weekly ACV (total sales of all products) of 15$MM per. 5 stores at
* The second retailer may also features five store locations, but they tend to be closer to
mom and popsize, with average weekly ACV at only $5MM per.
* The total market size is ten hardware stores, and $100MM in total market ACV.
Assuming a tool-set a company produces is only distributed in the second smaller-store chain, it is obviously represented in half the store locations (50%). However, not all stores are not created equal; based on the above numbers, the tool-set would only be selling in a quarter of the total market ACV (25%).
In the converse scenario of distribution within only in the big-box retailer, the tool-set would similarly be distributed in half the stores, but those stores would represent 75% total market ACV.
Given the choice, a business typically prefers its distribution in higher-volume stores for the greater sales potential. More consumers spending more total dollars occurs in these outlets, indicating more traffic and/or average spend per consumer.
Within marketing and sales circles, the percentage of stores a product sells within is less relevant than a product's share of the store ACV value.
Examples of application
Based on the above logic, common applications of ACV equivalization are as follows:
* The overall importance of one retailer vs. another in terms of sales volume, or even geographical locations (e.g. New York Metro vs. Omaha)
* An item (e.g.
mayonnaise), or even grouping of items (e.g. Grocery dry goods) has an average shareof every million dollars of sales in a sales outlet, representing its overall importance to that outlet.
* As the example above, an item or aggregated grouping of items can have its distribution measured in equivalized fashion - what
percentageof the total market ACV does a product actually sell in? i.e. appear on the shelf?
* Related to share above, an item or category of items can have a sales rate per million dollars of ACV. This allows for comparison of how well an item sells in one outlet vs. another regardless of its over all distribution. This is often referred to as
weighted sales velocity
* What percentage of ACV$ in a market is a product or grouping benefiting from
trade merchandisingsuch as feature advertisements, in-store point of sale display, coupons, etc. One can then deduce how much one time period has extra merchandising support versus another.
% ACV distribution
Syndicated data supplier
Unit of account
* J. Gibson, Syndicated Industry Measures Guide
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