Dora Marsden


Dora Marsden

Dora Marsden (5 March 1882 – 13 December 1960) was an English feminist editor of avant-garde literary journals, and an author of philosophical writings.

Contents

Early life

Dora Marsden was born 5 March 1882 in Marsden, near Huddersfield, Yorkshire.[1] Her parents were Fred and Hannah (née Gartside) Marsden. In 1890 Fred Marsden left his family after economic failures at his textile plant and emigrated to Philadelphia, US with his eldest son.[1] Hannah worked as a seamstress to support her children.[1] Dora Marsden began working as a tutor at the age of thirteen. At the age of eighteen she attended Owens College in Manchester (later the Victoria University of Manchester) for three years, then worked full-time as a teacher for five years. Marsden became involved with women's suffrage during her studies. In 1909 she was arrested for her political activity and subsequently accepted a full-time position with the Women's Social and Political Union, only to leave it in 1911 due to conflicts with its leadership.

Work as editor

Her most important cultural contribution was the editing of three publications, the latter more or less continuations of the previous series, beginning in late 1911:

The magazines were mainly published under the patronage of Harriet Shaw Weaver. During the course of publication the political bias of Marsdens editorials tackled subjects related mainly to feminism. Though she also commented on egoism and individualist anarchism, her quarrels with Benjamin Tucker ended with her rejection of Tuckerian anarchism and an embrace of "archism".

Literally, the publications were high-standing, propelling the modernist movement. Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot, D. H. Lawrence, Wyndham Lewis, Herbert Read and James Joyce contributed material to the periodical. Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man was published for the first time as a series in The Egoist.

The Egoist (a name suggested by Ezra Pound) was not named in the honour of the philosophical egoist Max Stirner. Rather, it was a philosophical term that was "in the air" by the time, associated with writers such as Friedrich Nietzsche and Maurice Barrès. When Stirner's book The Ego and its Own was published, Marsden never fully reviewed it; she did admit to liking it but also partly dismissed it, mostly on the ground that she disagreed with Stirner about the nature of God: Stirner saw God as a repressive idea, imposed from the outside, from society, so it could control the individual. Alternatively, Marsden claimed that god was an invention of the self in its attempt to encompass the world and rule over it, hence, a positive, freeing idea.

Marsden's philosophical legacy

In 1920 Marsden withdrew from the literary and political scene and spent fifteen years in seclusion, completing a "magnum opus" drawing from philosophy, mathematics, physics, biology and theology. It was eventually published by Harriet Shaw Weaver in two volumes as The Definition of the Godhead in 1928 and Mysteries of Christianity in 1930.

This large body of work produced by Marsden was not well received (not even by her former supporters) and she suffered a psychological breakdown in 1930, which was further deepened by the death of her mother in 1935. As a result, she spent the last 25 years of her life in a home for the psychologically ill in Dumfries, Scotland.

See also

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dora Marsden — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Tapa del periódico londinense The Egoist de 1914, que editó Dora Marsden. Dora Marsden (1882 1960), escritora anarcoindividualista inglesa, editora de algunos periódicos literarios y autora de escritos filosóficos.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dora Marsden — (* 5. März 1882 in Marsden (England); † 13. Dezember 1960 in Dumfries, Schottland) war Feministin, Autorin für avantgardistische Literatur und egoistische Anarchistin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Jugend 2 Tätigkeit als Herausgeberin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marsden — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bernie Marsden (* 1951), englischer Rockgitarrist Betty Marsden (1919–1998), britische Schauspielerin Brian Marsden (1937–2010), englischer Astronom Dora Marsden (1882–1960), englische Feministin,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dora — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La palabra Dora puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Personajes 1.1 Personajes con el nombre de pila Dora 2 D …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marsden — Not to be confused with Marden. Contents 1 As a surname 2 As a place name 3 Other uses …   Wikipedia

  • Dora Gordine — Born April 13, 1895(1895 04 13) Liepāja, Latvia, Russian Empire Died December 29, 1991(1991 12 29) (aged 96) Kingston on Thames, Surrey, England, UK …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Mars–Marz — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harriet Shaw Weaver — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Weaver. Harriet Shaw Weaver, née à Frodsham, dans le comté de Cheshire, en Angleterre, le 1er septembre 1876, et décédée à Saffron Walden le 14 octobre 1961, est une féministe et une femme politique anglaise.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rona Robinson — was a British suffragette and in 1905 the first woman in the United Kingdom to gain a first class degree in chemistry. cite web|url=http://www.spink.com/news/newsletters/2005/200506medal news.asp |title=Spink Medal Newsletter |accessdate=2008 03… …   Wikipedia

  • D. H. Lawrence — This article is about the early 20th century novelist. For the American actor, see David H. Lawrence XVII. D. H. Lawrence Born David Herbert Richards Lawrence 11 September 1885(1885 09 11) Ea …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.