- International College, Beirut
Infobox Private School
background = #f0f6fa
border = #ccd2d9
name = International College
type = Independent
religion = Non-sectarian
head_name = Head of school
head = John K. Johnson
enrollment = over 3400
class = 24 students
colors = Green and White
mascot = Cougar
homepage = [http://www.ic.edu.lb/ www.ic.edu.lb]
International College is a private
co-educationalpreparatory school to the American University of Beirutmainly, as well as American Ivy Leagueuniversities. It is located in Beirut, Lebanon.Its students come from all over Lebanon, as well as the Middle-Eastand around the world.The U.S. Agency for International Development, among others, considers International College one of the finest educational institutionsin the world [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,855428,00.html] "Where East is West" Time MagazineSept. 9 1946] [ [http://lebanon.usaid.gov/(p3jajj55ykn2qqqmxge4k3qj)/files/news2005.aspx] "International College Board of Trustees Gather in Beirut" Oct. 13, 2005] [ [http://www.harvardarabalumni.org/openconference22.php] "Harvard Arab Alumni"] [ [http://arabworld.nitle.org/texts.php?module_id=6&reading_id=57&sequence=4] "The Tragedy of Lebanon", Kenneth Cragg] .
The International College was founded in
İzmir, Turkeyin 1891, by Alexander MacLachlan, a Canadianeducator, as the American Boys’ School. The first class of five students graduated in 1895, and it was renamed the American Collegiate Institute for Boys.
In 1913, IC opened an
elementary school, and added the French languageSection Secondaire in 1926.
In 1936, Dr. Bayard Dodge of the
American University of Beirutinvited IC to come to Beirut and affiliate with AUB as its preparatory school. As a result, IC was known for many years as "The Prep." During its first year in Beirut, IC welcomed 901 students from 37 countries representing 16 religious sects. IC was a truly international school, welcoming students from all over the Middle East, who came as boarders living in Thomson and Sage Halls.
IC separated from AUB in the 1960s, naming a separate
board of trusteesand admitted women to become a co-educational institution.
Lebanese Civil Warunder the leadership of Dr. Alton Reynolds, IC remained a beacon of tolerance for the whole of Lebanese society. Students and teachers of all religious sects continued to attend classes in Ras Beirut.
In 1988, a satellite campus was constructed in Ain A’ar, far from Beirut, to accommodate the children of
alumniin that area. The Ain A’ar campus continues to serve students from pre-school through middle school.
In 1997, IC achieved dual accreditation by the
European Council of International Schoolsand the New England Association of Schools and Colleges.
The Pre-School is a three-year cycle consisting of English and French programs with Arabic taught as an integral part of both programs.Its
curriculumincludes languages (English/French and Arabic), creative arts, sciences, mathematics, social studiesand physical education.
The Elementary School (ES) covers grades one through five (ages six to eleven). The medium of instruction is either English or French, although Arabic is mandatory for all students. A special Arabic program is made available in IC to students who have lived abroad and qualify for exemption from the regular programs. The curriculum aims to "develop and consolidate a range of learning skills with the emphasis on the acquisition of new concepts through deduction and generalizations, using critical thinking as well as hand-on experiences."
The Middle School is a four-year cycle covering grades 6 through 9. It offers three different programs: the Lebanese Program prepares students for the official "Lebanese Brevet" examination; the College Preparatory Program is an English medium non-Brevet program; and the French Program is non-Brevet program taught in French that prepares the student for the official
French Baccalaureateexamination. All programs require the teaching of Arabic, English, French, Mathematics, Science, Social Studies, Physical Education, Arts, Information Technology(IT) and Music. Grades 6,7, and 8 also receive Technology instruction. [http://ic.edu.lb/academics/middle.htm 1]
Secondary School programs
The Secondary School is a three-year cycle made up of three separate programs:
The Lebanese Baccalaureate Program, which follows a curriculum set by the Lebanese Ministry of Education, is available to all students in either an English or French track for core subjects including
mathand sciences. In the French track, English is taught as a third language and vice versa. In both tracks, Social Studies, History, Geography, Civics, Sociologyand Economics, are taught in Arabic with the study of Arabic literatureand language mandatory. In the second year, students chose a focus in humanitiesor sciences, and specialize more specifically in the third year.
The French Baccalaureate Program, which follows a curriculum set by the French Ministry of Education, is designed to meet the needs of foreign and Lebanese students who wish to pursue the
French Baccalaureate. All core subjects are taught in French. Upon successful completion of the Lebanese or French Baccalaureate program, students are eligible to enter at the level in all Lebanese and many European and North American universities. It should be mentioned that some students pursue both the Lebanese and French Baccalaureate simultaneously."See Secondary education in France".
The International Baccalaureate Program is a two-year curriculum with an assessment component. The IB diploma is recognized by universities around the world. Students admitted to the IB program must hold a second nationality in addition to Lebanese, or must obtain an exemption from the Lebanese official program allowing them to engage in a non-Lebanese program. A good knowledge of English is a prerequisite as it is the language of instruction.
Community Service Program
Participation in the Community Service Program is mandatory for all IC Secondary School students. Students select two community projects per year, ranging from helping to raise awareness of environmental issues, volunteer at orphanages, and centers for the aged, infirmed and disabled.
IC graduates, who number in the thousands, occupy leading positions in medicine, banking, engineering, commerce and other professions in the Middle East and around the world. Most graduates are
trilingual, fluent in Arabic, French and English.
According to its
mission statement, IC wants to "educate compassionate and self reliant young men and women capable of initiative and critical thinking, who will serve as role models in society. I.C.'s curriculumaims for excellence at all levels and embraces the education of the whole person. Graduates of I.C. will have developed self-discipline, an awareness of the interdependence of nations and a set of values leading to respect for others."
Its also aims to promote the development of its students:
"Academically", through a balanced program, in three languages, that aims for excellence in the Lebanese
Baccalaureate, the French Baccalaureate, the American College Preparatory Program and the International Baccalaureate;"
"Ethically", through the promotion of the higher ideals of integrity, tolerance, and respect for individual differences;"
extracurricular activities, community service, and opportunities to develop civic awareness and responsibility, team spirit, and respect for the environment;"
"Aesthetically", through a comprehensive fine arts program; and,"
"Physically", through a comprehensive health, physical education and athletics program."
The institution believes these programs aim to "develop personal qualities and skills leading to effective communication, creative expression, intellectual curiosity, critical thinking, self-discipline and self-confidence."
Constantin Zureiq, "father" of Arab nationalism;
Ghassan Tueni, Lebanese MP;
* His son, assassinated politician and journalist
Basil Fuleihan, assassinated Lebanese Minister of Economy;
Druzeleader Walid Jumblatt;
Adil Osseiran, prominent Lebanese independence figure and parliament speaker;
Salim Hoss, former prime minister of Lebanon;
Saeb Salam, former prime minister.
*With Youth on Phoenician Shores, Leslie W. Leavitt, Wellesley, Massachusetts, 1968
*Seeing Arabs Through An American School, Robert F. Ober Jr., Philadelphia, 2003.
* [http://ic.edu.lb International College website]
* [http://ic.edu.lb/aboutic/campustour/index.htm IC Campus tour]
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