- Emmons County, North Dakota
Infobox U.S. County
county = Emmons County
state = North Dakota
map size = 225
founded = 1879
seat = Linton
largest city = Linton
area percentage = 2.88%
census yr = 2000
pop = 4331
web = |
Emmons County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof North Dakota. As of 2000, the population was 4,331. Its county seatis Linton.GR|6 The county was created by the 1879 territorial legislature and named for James Emmons (1845-1919), a steamboat operator and early Bismarck merchant and entrepreneur. It was organized on November 9, 1883. Williamsport was the county seat from 1883 until 1899 and Linton became the county seat in 1899.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,555
square miles (4,027 km²), of which, 1,510 square miles (3,911 km²) of it is land and 45 square miles (116 km²) of it (2.88%) is water.
*Hazelton [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/geographic/boundary_changes/ U.S. Census Bureau: Boundary Changes] ]
Emmons County was established before the state of North Dakota. The county was originated by an act of territorial legislation during February 1879. However, it was not officially organized until
October 16, 1883. It was named for James A. Emmons who was a steamboat navigator from Virginia.
The first settlers of Emmons County came from parts of
Europeand the eastern United States. The earliest were mostly soldiers discharged from Fort Yates, but soon civilian people began arriving in the 1880’s. Two large ethnic groups soon developed: Germans from both Russiaand Germany(the latter called Reich Germans) and Hollanders who had come from the eastern United States. The Hollanders lived only in the southwestern part of the county while the Germans settled throughout the area.
The settlers faced many hardships upon arrival in Emmons County. The worst of which was probably the adverse climate. Extreme seasonal variations in temperature, wind, rain, and snow made life difficult. Severe winter blizzards and summer thunderstorms and tornadoes were a constant threat. To shelter themselves against the sometimes inhospitable climate, early settlers built crude but durable dwellings using whatever materials they could find. The first building in Emmons county was a
log cabinbuilt near what was to become the town of Winona in 1852. Some other early dwellings were built of tar paper or local rocks. Rocks were a common sight on the prairie, but stone houses were a rarity because they took great care to build. The most common type of dwelling was the sod house, which later became synonymous with pioneering life on the prairie. Sod is prairie grass and dirt cut into blocks and stacked to form walls. Sod was an effective solution to the problem of limited lumber availability. These crude dwellings were eventually abandoned in favor of more modern homes as soon as the necessary building materials became available.
Another hardship was transportation. There were no roads and the nearest
railroadstation was in Eureka, South Dakota(40 miles away). A horse and wagon were typically used for transportation. Buffalo bones were often piled up and used as landmarks to aid navigating the vast prairie. Since no bridges existed, creeks and streams presented a major difficulty. Settlers usually traveled in pairs and used both of their teams of horses to pull each wagon across a creek or stream. The first bridge in Emmons County was not built until 1889.
Missouri Riveris the western boundary of Emmons County. An early industry to develop was one of providing cordwood for the steamboats plying the river. The steamboats could operate only during the summer months due to the river freezing over in the winter. The lack of bridges necessitated the use of ferries to traverse the river (the last of which washed ashore in 1940). Barges were also used to move freight up and down the river.
The history of the towns that presently exist in Emmons County begins with Braddock. It is the oldest existing town in the county (established in 1898). That same year, Braddock had the distinction of becoming the first town in Emmons County to receive train service. In 1899, Linton was plotted for the sole purpose of creating a geographically centralized government. The town was named for George Lynn. By 1901, Linton had reached a population of 118 and within two years the population had jumped to 245 residents. Linton was incorporated as a village in 1906 and incorporated as a town in 1914. Tirsbol was established in 1902 ten miles south of Linton. However, it eventually became the center of the German immigrant community and was renamed Strasburg. Also in 1902, the town of Hague was established southeast of Strasburg. The last currently existing town to be incorporated is Hazelton. At the time, the
Northern Pacific Railroadwas trying to start hundreds of new towns along their tracks to compete with the Burlington Northern Railroad. The railroad decided to plot the town on land near Williamsport owned by a man named John Roop. Hazelton was named after Hazel, John Roop's daughter.
Although no longer in existence, Winona was the oldest town created in Emmons County. Winona was established in 1874 with the name "Devil’s Colony". The town was built to serve the soldiers at Fort Yates as well as the few farmers in the area. During the 1880s it was the largest town between
Bismarck, North Dakotaand Pierre, South Dakota. The first school in the county was built there in 1884 and the county's first newspaper was published there in 1885. By 1894, the population of the town peaked at over 200. However, the creation of Linton spelled the beginning of the end for Winona and it was gone by the early 1900s. The town of Williamsport was established in 1883 by a group of people from Ashland, Ohio and was the first county seat of government. The creation of Linton and Hazelton drained the population from Williamsport and it was subsequently abandoned in 1903.
Other towns no longer in existence include Emmonsburg which was located west of Linton, in Beaver Bay, on the Missouri River. It was established in 1888 and abandoned in 1912. Glencoe was also established in 1883 in the northwest corner of the county, but it was abandoned in 1930. Winchester was established in 1884 along Beaver Creek (west of Linton), but was completely abandoned by 1909. Westfield was established in 1888 in the center of the Dutch colony. It was named for
Westfield, Iowabut was never incorporated. Godkin was established in 1902, six miles north of Linton. Its name was later changed to Temvik, combining the last names of early settlers - the Tempel brothers and Ed Larvik. By 1925 its population peaked to over 200, but the effects of the 1930s Great Depression and being bypassed by the construction of U.S. Highway 83led to its downfall. Its post office was abandoned in 1968. The final town of note is Kintyre. Settled by Swedes and Norwegians in the 1880s; it was established in 1908 and subsequently abandoned.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 4,331 people, 1,786 households, and 1,241 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,168 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 99.05% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.12% from two or more races. 1.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 69.2% were of German, 7.5% Dutch, 6.9% American and 5.1% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 1,786 households out of which 27.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 3.70% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 25.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 101.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $26,119, and the median income for a family was $31,857. Males had a median income of $23,235 versus $15,590 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $14,604. About 14.70% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.40% of those under age 18 and 24.60% of those age 65 or over.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
National Register of Historic Places listings in Emmons County, North Dakota — Location of Emmons County in North Dakota This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Emmons County, North Dakota. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of… … Wikipedia
McCulley Township, Emmons County, North Dakota — McCulley Township is a former township of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States that was located in public land survey Township 134N, Range 76W. The township disbanded on March 1, 1998, and is now part of the unorganized territories of… … Wikipedia
Hazelton Township, Emmons County, North Dakota — Hazelton Township is a former township of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States. The township disbanded on January 1, 2001 and is now part of the unorganized territory of North Emmons. [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/geographic/boundary… … Wikipedia
Lincoln Township, Emmons County, North Dakota — Lincoln Township is a former township of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States. The township disbanded on January 1, 2007 and is now part of the unorganized territory of North Emmons. [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/geographic/boundary… … Wikipedia
Tell Township, Emmons County, North Dakota — Tell Township is one of the three townships of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States. It lies in the northeastern part of the county and borders the following other townships within Emmons County: *Campbell Township north *Lincoln Township… … Wikipedia
Buchanan Valley Township, Emmons County, North Dakota — Buchanan Valley Township is one of the three townships of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States. It lies in the northern part of the county and borders the following other township within Emmons County: *Hazelton Township (defunct) southeast … Wikipedia
Campbell Township, Emmons County, North Dakota — Campbell Township is one of the three townships of Emmons County, North Dakota, United States. It lies in the northeastern corner of the county and borders the following other townships within Emmons County: *Tell Township south *Lincoln Township … Wikipedia
Morton County, North Dakota — Morton County Courthouse in Mandan, North Dakota … Wikipedia
McIntosh County, North Dakota — Location in the state of North Dakota … Wikipedia
Bottineau County (North Dakota) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: North Dakota Verwaltungssitz: Bottineau Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse 314 West 5th Street Bottineau, ND 58318 1204 Gründung … Deutsch Wikipedia