Erythrae or Erythrai ( _el. Ἐρυθραί) later Litri, was one of the twelve
Ionian cities of Asia Minor, situated 22 km north-east of the port of Cyssus (modern name: Çeşme), on a small peninsula stretching into the Bay of Erythrae, at an equal distance from the mountains Mimasand Corycus, and directly opposite the island of Chios.
In the peninsula, excellent wine was produced. The town was said to have been founded by Ionians under
Knopos, son of Codrus. Never a large city, it sent only eight ships to the Battle of Lade. The Erythraeans were for a considerable time subject to the supremacy of Athens, but towards the close of the Peloponnesian Warthey threw off their allegiance to that city. After the battle of Cnidus, however, they received Conon, and paid him honours in an inscription, still extant.
Erythrae was the birthplace of two prophetesses--one of whom, Sibylla, is mentioned by
Straboas living in the early period of the city; the other, Athenais, lived in the time of Alexander the Great.
The ruins include well-preserved Hellenistic walls with towers, of which five are still visible. The acropolis (280 ft) has the theatre on its northern slope, and eastwards lie many remains of Byzantine buildings.
By the mid. 18th century and up to early 20th century, Litri was a considerable place and port, extending from the ancient harbour to the acropolis. The smaller
coastingsteamers call, and there was an active trade with Chios and Smyrna.
The archaeological site is situated within the settlement zone of the present-day Turkish village of
Ildırı. The site was explored in depth in the 1960s by Professor Ekrem Akurgal, leading to precious discoveries, but has been left somewhat unattended since.
List of traditional Greek place names
* [http://idcs0100.lib.iup.edu/AncGreece/erythrae.htm History of Erythrae] Created by Dale E. Landon, Professor Emeritus of History, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
* [http://www.chlt.org/sandbox/perseus/pecs/page.1589.a.php The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites]
* [http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article-9363882/Erythrae Encyclopaedia Britannica Concise]
* [http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/download.php?Number=970426 View Erythrai in Google Earth ]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Erythrae — • A titular see in Asia Minor. According to legend the city was founded by colonists from Crete Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Erythrae Erythrae … Catholic encyclopedia
Erythrae — ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Erythrae oder Erythrai (griechisch: Ἐρυθραί) heißt heute Litri, sie war eine der zwölf ionischen Städte Kleinasiens, die sich nord östlich des Hafens Cyssus (Çeşme) und direkt gegenüber der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
ERYTHRAE — civitas Asiae, non longe a Chio, ex qua Sibylla fuit, quam a patriâ Erythraeam vocant. De qua vide Euseb. l. 5. Lactant. Div. Inst. l. 1. c. 6. et de Ira Dei, c. 22. August. de Civ. D. l. 18. c. 23. Casaub. Exercit. in Baron. ut et Serv. in illud … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Erythrae — Ancient city of Lydia. Located on the Aegean coast opposite the island of Chios, it was one of the 12 Ionian Cities. The original site of the settlement is uncertain, but from the 4th century BC it was located at modern Ildır, where traces of the … Universalium
Erythrae (Titularbistum) — Erythrae (ital.: Eritre) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in Erythrae oder Erythrai (griechisch: Ἐρυθραί, später Litri), eine der zwölf ionischen Städte Kleinasiens, die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sibyl — The word sibyl probably comes (via Latin) from the Greek word sibylla , meaning prophetess. (Other schools of thought suggest that the word may have come from Arabic.) The earlier oracular seeresses known as the sibyls of antiquity, who… … Wikipedia
ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… … Universalium
Chios — Χίος Satellite image of Chios Location … Wikipedia
OARACTA — quae et Oroacta et Οὐράχθα, Insul. sinus Persici Marciano Heracleotae in Periplo Carmaniae, haud longe ab ostiis flumin. Addanis, memoratur: in qua sepulchrum Erythrae Regis, qui nomen fecit mari, notat Arrianus in Indic. circa fin. Dionysius… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Pericles — Infobox Military Person name= Pericles caption= Marble portrait bust of Pericles mdash; Roman copy of an original portrait by Kresilas (British Museum, London) allegiance= Athens rank= General (Strategos) commands= nickname= lived= ca. 495 – 429… … Wikipedia