- Office of the Solicitor-General in Brazil
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The legal representation of the Union, performed by the Office of the Solicitor-General of the Union, also known as AGU (from Portuguese Advocacia-Geral da União), is defined by the 1988 Brazilian Constitution as one of the essential functions of Brazilian judicial administration, along with the roles performed by the judicial branch, the Prosecutor's office, the public defenders and private lawyers.
All State Attorneys within the Office must be bar members in Brazil. The Solicitor-General of the Union is a member of the Brazilian cabinet, holds the rank of Minister, and is nominated by the President of the Republic, after the Senate´s approval. To be appointed, though, the Solicitor-General must be at least 35 years old, according to the Brazilian Constitution.
The Office of the Solicitor-General of the Union was created in 1993 with the main purpose of separating the prosecution activities - performed by the Office of the Prosecutor-General - from the activities related to the legal representation of the State and government advising, formerly performed by an only institution called "Office of the Attorney-General".
List of Brazilian Solicitors-General of the Union
Solicitor-General Date of service Appointed by José de Castro Ferreira February 1993—May 1993 President Itamar Franco Alexandre de Paula Dupeyrat Martins May 1993—June 1993 Tarcísio Carlos de Almeida Cunha June 1993—July 1993 Geraldo Magela da Cruz Quintão July 1993—December 1994 January 1995—January 2000 President Fernando Henrique Cardoso Walter do Carmo Barletta January 2000 Gilmar Ferreira Mendes January 2000—June 2002 José Bonifácio Borges de Andrada June 2002—December 2002 Álvaro Augusto Ribeiro Costa January 2003—March 2007 President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva José Antônio Dias Toffoli March 2007—October 2009 Luis Inácio Lucena Adams October 2009—present
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