- London Underground rolling stock
UndergroundconnectThe history of
London Underground's rolling stock is as complex as the history of the network itself. A wide variety of types have been operated, from the early days of steam locomotives and carriages through to today's electric multiple units. The different types used are listed here.
* Note: Stock shown in red has been withdrawn from traffic.
* For details of the numbering and classification systems used, see:
London Underground rolling stock numbering and classification
* Steam locomotives — withdrawn by 1971
* Electric locomotives — withdrawn from passenger service by 1962
* Diesel locomotives — DL81-DL83 — withdrawn from service
* Battery-electric locomotives — still in service
Electric Multiple Units
This is the general designation applied to the trains specially designed to run in the restricted space available in the tunnels used on part or all of the Bakerloo, Central, Northern, Piccadilly, Victoria and Jubilee Lines. The dimensions vary between individual designs but the common feature is the ability to run through a circular tunnel of approximately 13ft/4m diameter (the precise tunnel size varying between lines).
* 1900 Stock (Central London Railway Gate Stock, originally locomotive hauled coaches)
* 1903 Stock (Central London Railway Gate Stock)
* 1906 Stock (Bakerloo, Northern, Piccadilly Gate Stock)
* 1914 Stock (Bakerloo Lines)
* 1915 Stock (Central Lines)
* Watford Joint Stock (Bakerloo Lines)
* 1920 Stock (Bakerloo, Piccadilly Lines)
* Standard Stock (Standard tube stock design built 1922-34)
* 1935 Stock (Streamline Prototype)
* 1938 Stock (Bakerloo & Northern Lines) — withdrawn in 1988
* 1949 Stock (Bakerloo, Northern, Piccadilly Lines) — withdrawn between 1972 and 1978
* 1956 Stock (Bakerloo, Northern & Piccadilly Lines) — withdrawn in 2000
* 1959 Stock (Bakerloo, Northern & Piccadilly Lines) — withdrawn in 2000
* 1960 Stock (Central Line - Prototype) — withdrawn by 1994
* 1962 Stock (Central & Northern Lines) — withdrawn in 1999
* 1967 Stock (Victoria Line) — remains in service
* 1972 Stock (Bakerloo & Northern Lines) — remains in service on Bakerloo line
* 1973 Stock (Piccadilly Line) — remains in service
* 1983 Stock (Jubilee Line) — withdrawn in 1998
* 1986 Stock (Central Line - Prototype) — withdrawn by 1992
* 1992 Stock (Central and Waterloo & City Lines) — remains in service
* 1995 Stock (Northern Line) — remains in service
* 1996 Stock (Jubilee Line) — remains in service
* 2009 Stock (Victoria Line) — new trains under construction
This is the general designation (also known more simply as "Surface Stock") of the Underground trains constructed to width and height dimensions closer to those commonly used for railway vehicles in Great Britain, although in some cases (e.g. A60/62 stock) they slightly exceed various standard dimensions or clearances. They are used for services on lines which currently share, or have previously shared, use with non-Underground trains and where no section required the use of smaller diameter "tube" tunnels.
* A Stock (Metropolitan District Railway - Prototype)
* B Stock (Metropolitan District Railway)
* C Stock (Metropolitan District Railway)
* D Stock (Metropolitan District Railway)
* E Stock (Metropolitan District Railway)
* F Stock (Metropolitan District Railway)
* G Stock (later G23 and Q23 Stock) (District Line)
* H Stock (rebuilt B stock cars)
* K Stock (later Q27 Stock (District Line)
* L Stock (later Q31 Stock (District Line)
* M Stock (later Q35 Stock) (District Line)
* N Stock (later Q35 Stock) (District Line)
* O/P Stock (later CO/CP stock(Metropolitan Line) — withdrawn by 1981
* Q38 Stock (District Line) — withdrawn by 1971
* R38 and R49 Stock (District Line) — withdrawn by 1983
* T Stock (Metropolitan Railway) — withdrawn by 1962
* A60 and A62 Stock (Metropolitan Line (East London Line withdrawal are transferred to the Metropolitan Line for extra trains)) — remains in service
* C69 and C77 Stock (Circle Line) — remains in service on Circle and Hammersmith & City lines and Edgware Road-Wimbledon services of the District line
* D78 Stock (District Line) — remains in service
* S Stock (Metropolitan, District, Circle, H&C) — Due to enter service in 2011, being delivered in 2009.
* Departmental stock — Former units converted for various departmental roles
* Engineering stock
Digital Voice Announcer (DVA)
On London Underground, all but the A stocks have automated DVAs fitted.
The Sub-Surface Lines all share the same characteristics: style, format and voice.
The BVC lines are all voiced by Emma Clarke and share similar characteristics but in different formats. These lines additionally have some form of audio announcement when doors are closing whether it be "Please stand clear of the doors" (Bakerloo Line) or "This is a Central Line train to... (Central Line)
The JNP lines all use different voice over artists. The 1995 and 1996 are similar in style and they share the same "This train terminates at...." characteristic. The Piccadilly Line uses a different format altogether, "This is Green Park, change here for the Jubilee and Victoria Lines, this is a Piccadilly Line service to Cockfosters, please mind the gap between the train and the platform".
Stocks such as the 1967 have had to change some of the announcements recently to fit in with the new London Overground and St. Pancras International.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
London Underground rolling stock numbering and classification — A number of different numbering and classification schemes have been used for the rolling stock owned by the London Underground and its constituent companies. This page explains the principal systems. * Abbreviations used on this page for the… … Wikipedia
London Underground D78 Stock — Nummerierung: DM: 7000–7129 + 7500–7539 T: 17000–17129 (durchgehend) + 17500–175538 (nur gerade Nummern) UNDM: 8000–8129 Anzahl: 75 Züge Hersteller … Deutsch Wikipedia
London Underground D78 Stock — D Stock redirects here. For the 1912 Metropolitan District Railway Stock, see London Underground D Stock. D78 Stock Manufacturer Metro Cammell In service … Wikipedia
London Underground 1983 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name=1983 Stock InService=1984 1998 Manufacturer=Metro Cammell LinesServed=Jubilee TubeStock=trueThe London Underground 1983 Stock was a class of electric multiple unit designed for the Jubilee Line.The 1983 Tube Stock… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1938 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name = 1938 Stock InService = 1938 1988 on London Underground 1989 present on Island Line Manufacturer = BRC W Metro Cammell Weight = DM 27.4 tons NDM 25.9 tons T 20.65 tons CarHeight = 9 5 1/2 CarWidth = 8 6 1/4… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1972 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name = 1972 Stock InService = 1972 present Manufacturer = Metro Cammell LinesServed = Bakerloo CarWidth = 2.642m CarHeight = 2.87m CarLength = DM 16.09m T/UNDM 15.98m CarSeating = DM/UNDM 44 T 36 TubeStock=trueThe London … Wikipedia
London Underground Standard Stock — The Standard Stock title was applied to a variety of Tube stock built between 1923 34, which shared the same basic characteristics, but with some detailed differences. This design is also sometimes referred to as 1923 Tube Stock or Pre 1938 Stock … Wikipedia
London Underground Circle Stock — Infobox Underground stock name = Circle Stock InService = 1934 1950 Manufacturer = Acton Works Weight = CarWidth = CarLength = CarSeating = SubsurfaceStock=true The London Underground Circle Stock consisted of 90 cars renovated in 1934 at Acton… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1996 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name=1996 Stock InService=1997 present Manufacturer=GEC Alstom LinesServed=Jubilee CarLength=17.77m CarWidth=2.629m CarHeight=2.875m MaxSpeed=100 km/h (62 mph) Weight=DM 30.0 tonnes UNDM 27.1 tonnes T 20.9 tonnes… … Wikipedia
London Underground 1973 Stock — Infobox Underground stock name=1973 Stock InService=1975 present Manufacturer=Metro Cammell LinesServed=Piccadilly CarLength=DM 17,676 mm UNDM/T 17,473 mm CarWidth=2,629 mm CarHeight=2,880 mm Weight=DM 27.15 tons UNDM 26.16 tons T 18.16 tons… … Wikipedia