- 1995 Formula One season
:"F1 1995" redirects here. For the video games based on the 1995 Formula One season, see "F1 95"."
The 1995 Formula One season was the 46th FIA
Formula OneWorld Championship season. It began on March 26, 1995 included 17 races, and ended on November 12. The Drivers' Championship was won by Michael Schumacherof Benetton for the second year in a row, beating Damon Hillof WilliamsF1by 33 points. Benetton won the Constructor's Championship, beating Williams by a comfortable 29 points. The season was highlighted by the rivalry between Schumacher and Hill, with Schumacher winning nine races and Hill winning four races. Benetton and Williams drivers dominated the field, victorious in all but one race.
The calendar was initially announced at the beginning of 1995, with the
European Grand Prixnow at the Nürburgringcircuit. The Argentine Grand Prixwas the only newly announced race, with it taking place at the Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvezcircuit. The circuit was due to kick off the calendar on March 12, but there were doubts over whether the circuit would be ready in time. There were also doubts over round two at Brazil, with the previous year's death of Ayrton Sennahitting Brazil motorsport very hard. The third race in Japan was also under threat, as it was due to take place at the TI Circuit. However, the circuit was badly affected after the Great Hanshin earthquake, which hit the local infrastructure hard. The San Marino round, Spanish round and the Italian round were also under threat, with safety works taking place and the Circuit de Catalunyain financial difficulty." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00007.html "Doubts over dates"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 9 March 2007]
On February 6, a revised calendar was announced, with the Argentine Grand Prix moved to April 9, despite the fact it had now received official clearance from FIA safety inspector
Roland Bruynseraede. The Pacific round was moved due to the Kobe earthquake, with it now one week before the Japanese Grand Prix. The European Grand Prixwas moved forward seven days, leaving just a seven day gap between the Portuguese and European rounds. However, some tracks still needed clearance to race." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00009.html "Formula 1 calendar rethink"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007] Larroussewere included in the official FIA entry list for the 1995 season, but because of financial struggles and friction between shareholders meant that the production of the new car was delayed. No funding ever arrived and it was too late for them to build a car for the season. There were some arrangements with the DAMS Formula 3000team, but DAMS bosses wanted to buy Larrousse and run the team themselves." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00004.html "Larrousse: a deal with DAMS?"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 9 March 2007] However, on February 13, the boss of DAMS, Jean-Paul Driotannounced that they had abandoned plans to enter Formula Onefor 1995, as he could not find a good amount of sponsorship to run the team at a competitive level. Driot said he intended to return to Formula 3000 and prepare for an F1 bid in 1996." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00017.html "Larrousse-DAMS - on or off?"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 17 March 2007] Minardihad been expected to run with Mugen-Hondaengines, but at the last minute, Ligierboss Flavio Briatorepersuaded the Japanese engine supplier to supply Ligier, leaving Minardi in a mess. Their car was designed for the Honda V10 and parts were already being made. The Minardi team had to work flat out to build a brand new car with a Ford ED engine. Team owner Giancarlo Minardiannounced he was taking legal action against the Japanese supplier." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00005.html "Minardi takes legal action against Mugen Honda"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007]
The status of
Ligierand who its owners were was coming under scrutiny. The news that Martin Brundlehad signed with them for 1995 brought up rumours that Tom Walkinshawwas the new boss of the team. Walkinshaw's move to Ligier is part of the deal hammered out the previous year by Flavio Briatoreand FIA's Max Mosleyto get Benetton off the hook for the use of an illegal fuel filter in the 1994 German Grand Prix. Benetton admitted that the filter was illegal and was let off, on the understanding that major changes would be made within the team. Briatore appeared to have asked Walkinshaw to control Ligier." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00002.html "Brundle returns to Ligier"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007]
The 1995 F1 Season featured several dramatic incidents, including seven Grands Prix affected by rain and 4 Grands Prix were red-flagged on the first lap of the race.
The Formula One regulations changed prior to the 1995 season. The most significant change was the to the
engine capacity. This was reduced from 3.5 Litres to 3.0 Litres, in order to reduce speeds. All of the cars were fitted with cockpit side protection, and the cockpit opening was made larger than the 1994-spec cars. The front and rear wings of were modified to reduce downforce, thereby reducing cornering speeds. These changes were in reaction to the deaths of Roland Ratzenbergerand Ayrton Sennaat the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, who both died of head and neck injuries. Some of the F1 circuits were changed, with larger run-off areas featuring at tracks such as Monza and Imola.
The Benetton team had Renault engines for the first time, after running Ford V8s for several years.
Michael Schumacherwon nine out of the seventeen Grands Prix, and won his second World Championship. Schumacher's main title rival was Damon Hill, who was driving for Williams-Renault. Hill and Schumacher were involved in some very close battles at numerous races, including at the 1995 Belgian Grand Prix, where the two championship contenders fought wheel-to-wheel for extended periods. Johnny Herbert, Schumacher's team mate, won his first Formula One race at the 1995 British Grand Prix. He also went on to win the 1995 Italian Grand Prix, after a collision between Hill and Schumacher. Herbert complained about the Benetton B195's handling, which was very twitchy, but the car suited his team mate Schumacher.Fact|date=October 2007 Damon Hillreceived criticism during 1995, after several incidents that were attributed to driving errors. The 1995 British Grand Prixwas overshadowed by a controversial collision between Hill and Schumacher, and Hill was widely blamed for the accident.Fact|date=October 2007 Hill also suffered with mechanical problems in his Williams-Renault. Jean Alesiwon the 1995 Canadian Grand Prix, which was his first and only victory in Formula One. Alesi also nearly won the European and Japanese Grand Prix, only being passed by Schumacher with a few laps to go in the former, and retiring with a driveshaft bearing failure in the latter. Nigel Mansellmade a brief return to Formula One with McLaren. The McLaren-Mercedes cockpit was initially too small for Mansell, and he had to miss the first two races whilst McLaren redesigned the monocoque. His eventual return for the 1995 San Marino Grand Prixwas disappointing, and he was outpaced by Häkkinen. After another disappointing race at the Spanish Grand PrixMansell and McLaren parted ways, and Mark Blundelldrove the second McLaren for the remainder of 1995. Mika Häkkinenwas seriously injured in a crash during practice for the 1995 Australian Grand Prix. The fast actions of the medical crew saved his life, and he later returned to the track in F1|1996. Later that year, Mansell revealed that he intended to "fight for the championship with Williams", but the Williams team chose David Coulthardinstead.
One of the rookies for 1995 was
Taki Inouewho drove for Footwork Arrows. During First Qualifying for the 1995 Monaco Grand Prixhis car stalled on the track, and the session was stopped in order to recover the car. A course car driven by Jean Ragnottiwas travelling too fast and Ragnotti was unsighted by the barriers on the twisty circuit. Ragnotti's car crashed into Inoue's stranded car, flipping the Arrows. Inoue was knocked unconscious but he recovered and took part in the race on Sunday. At the 1995 Hungarian Grand PrixInoue's car retired with a mechanical problem. He got out of his car and grabbed a fire extinguisher in order to put out a small fire on his car. Inoue then walked into the path of a course car, and was knocked over. Inoue bounced off the front of the car and collapsed on to the grass. He suffered minor leg injuries.
Drivers and constructors
(*) Driver did not finish the race but was classified, having raced more than 90% of race distance.
Rumours and speculation
Jackie Oliverdenied several stories that the Footwork team were in difficulty. Rumours were going around in Europe that he was planning a merger with the Super Nova Formula 3000squad. Their boss, David Sears managed the careers of Taki Inoue, Jan Magnussenand Vincenzo Sospiriat that time." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00015.html "The other Jackie O"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 11 March 2007]
Érik Comaswas scheduled to be Larrousse's first team driver, with Paul Belmondorumoured to be the teams second driver, but financial problems meant the team never got to the grid for the 1995 season. Elton Julian, Eric Helary& Christophe Bouchutwere also rumoured to be in the frame.
Gabriele Tarquiniand Emmanuel Collardtested with Tyrrell over a possible race seat, with JJ Lehtoalso in the running." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00019.html "Tyrrell unveils 1995 package"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 17 March 2007] The seat eventually went to Mika Saloafter the contract dispute with Pacific." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00018.html "Pacific loses Salo"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 17 March 2007] The team also declared an interest in Christian Fittipaldi, Érik Comasand Karl Wendlingerbefore making their decision." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00006.html "Salo to join Tyrrell"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007]
*Before joining Benetton as test driver, Emmanuel Collard was gaining interest from both Pacific and
Larrousse. Collard had done over 400km of testing with Williams." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00006.html "Salo to join Tyrrell"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007]
*One of the major rumours that were going around was that
McLarenand Mercedes only went into partnership was so that they could get Michael Schumacherfor the 1996 season. Mercedes wanted Schumacher as he is German, and McLaren and Marlboro both wanted him because he is one of the best drivers. There were slight indications that a deal had already been agreed even before the 1995 season began." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00001.html "Mansell en route to McLaren"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007]
Nigel Mansellwas confirmed as McLaren driver, they were keen to have a lower profile driver, with Christian Fittipaldisaid to have been in the frame." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00010.html "McLaren confirms Mansell"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007]
Mark Blundellwas rumoured to join the Simtekteam, but when he signed for McLaren, the team chased up Jos Verstappen." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00012.html "Engineering changes at Benetton"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007] Benetton released him from his testing duties so he could sign for the team, which strengthened the relationship between the two teams." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00029.html "Verstappen signs for Simtek"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 17 March 2007]
Roberto Moreno, Emanuele Naspettiand Andrea Monterminiwere also considered for the Fortidrive." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00011.html "Forti - getting ready for action"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 10 March 2007] Paolo Carcasciwas also considered, but failed to receive a superlicense.
*Before deciding to go with
Andrea Monterminias their driver, Pacific also declared an interest in Danish Touring Car driver Kris Nissen, Vincenzo Sospiri, Érik Comas, Emmanuel Collard, JJ Lehto, Paul Belmondoand Pedro Lamy. Lamy actually visited the factory and was tipped to have a good budget." [http://www.grandprix.com/ns/ns00018.html "Pacific loses Salo"] " GrandPrix. Retrieved 17 March 2007] The move failed to materialize. Belmondo became the teams test driver.
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