- History of Staffordshire
The historic county of
Staffordshireincluded Wolverhampton, Walsall, and West Bromwich, these three being removed in 1974 to the new county of West Midlands. The resulting administrative area of Staffordshire has a narrow southwards protrusion that runs west of West Midlands to the border of Worcestershire. Further, the city of Stoke-on-Trentwas removed in the 1990s to form a unitary authority, but is still considered part of Staffordshire for ceremonial purposes.
Historically, Staffordshire was divided into the five hundreds of
Cuttlestone, Offlow, Pirehill, Seisdonand Totmonslow. The county probably first came into being in this form in the decade after the year 913; that being the date at which Stafford - the strategic military fording-point for an army to cross the Trent- became a secure fortified stronghold & the new capital of Merciaunder Queen Æthelflæd.
The County symbol, the Staffordshire Knot, is seen on an Anglian stone cross that dates from around the year 805. The cross still stands in
Stokechurchyard. Thus the Knot is either i) an ancient Merciansymbol or ii) a symbol adopted from the Celtic Christianity, Christianity having been brought to Staffordshire by Lindisfarnemonks from the year 650.
History of England
* [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/catalogue.asp?gid=30 Victoria County History for Staffordshire] : detailed local histories of the county, organised by parish. Full text of several of the volumes on British History Online.
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