Bore (woreda)


Bore (woreda)

Bore is one of the 180 woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Located in the northern part of the Borena Zone, Bore is bordered on the south by Odo Shakiso, on the west by Uraga, on the north by the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, and on the east by Adolana Wadera. The map of the Oromia Region published by Disaster Prevention and Disaster Agency shows that this woreda is part of the Guji Zone. [ [http://www.dppc.gov.et/downloadable/map/administrative/Atlas_Oromiya.pdf Map of the Oromia Region] (PDF file)] Towns in Bore include Bore and Yirba Muda.

The altitude of this woreda ranges from 1800 to 2900 meters above sea level; Mount Dara Tiniro is the highest point; other notable peaks include Haro Garbicho, Sota Diba, Lochu Foltiti and Higate. Rivers include the Ganale Dorya. A survey of the land in this woreda shows that 29% is arable or cultivable (20.9% was under annual crops), 33% pasture, 30% forest, and the remaining 8% is considered swampy, degraded or otherwise unusable. Barley, wheat, corn, teff, and horse bean are important crops. [http://www.oromiagov.org/Socio%20Economic%20Profile/Gudji%20Zone/Gudji%20Zone.doc "Socio-economic profile of the Guji Zone"] , Government of Oromia Region (last accessed 4 December 2006)] Coffee is also an important cash crop; between 20 and 50 square kilometers are planted with it. [ [http://www.oromiacoffeeunion.org/production.htm "Coffee Production"] Oromia Coffee Cooperative Union website]

Industry in the woreda includes 16 grain mills, 4 wood working shops and one ceramic material factory, as well as traditional gold mining around Melka Dimtu. There are 56 Farmers Associations and 12 Farmers Service Cooperatives, but no information on membership. Bore has 82 kilometers of dry-weather and 83 all-weather road, for an average road density of 127 kilometers per 1000 square kilometers. About 54.6% of the urban and 37.5% of the rural population has access to drinking water.

Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 166,788, of whom 82,221 were males and 84,567 were females; 13,601 or 8.15% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 11.6%. With an estimated area of 1,296.88 square kilometers, Bore has an estimated population density of 128.6 people per square kilometer, which is greater than the Zone average of 21.1. [ [http://www.csa.gov.et/text_files/2005_national_statistics.htm CSA 2005 National Statistics] , Tables B.3 and B.4]

Bore was one of four woredas that suffered from a wildfire that started 10 February 2000 and burned a total of 700 square kilometers before being brought under control. [ [http://www.addistribune.com/Archives/2000/03/10-03-00/Forest.htm "Forest Fire Being Controlled in Some Areas"] ("Addis Tribune", last accessed 26 October 2007)]

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