Education in Saskatchewan


Education in Saskatchewan

Education in Saskatchewan teaches a curriculum of learning set out by the Government of Saskatchewan department, the Ministry of Learning. The curriculum sets out to develop skills, knowledge, understanding to improve the quality of life. June 22, 1915, Hon. Walter Scott, Premier and Minister of Education, set out as his mandate the "purpose of procuring for the children of Saskatchewan a better education and an education of greater service and utility to meet the conditions of the chief industry in the Province, which is agriculture”. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title = A Survey of Education. 1918. The Province of Saskatchewan Canada. A Report. Government of the Province of Saskatchewan. by Harold W. Foght, Ph.D. Specialist in Rural School Practice, Bureau of Education, Washington, D.C., Regina. J.W. Reid, King's Printer.
date =re-published
year =2005
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/SOE/
accessdate = 2007-04-12
] Education facilitates the cultural and regional socialization of an individual through the realisation of their self-potential and latent talents. Historically, the region of Saskatchewan needed successful homesteaders so the focus was to develop a unified language for successful economic trading, and agricultural understanding to develop goods, livestock and cash crops to trade. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title = Sask Gen Web - One Room School Project - The Country School in Non English Speaking Communities in Saskatchewan By Rev. H. Oliver, Sept. 22nd, 1915
date =re-published
year =2005
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/CountrySchool.html
accessdate = 2007-04-12
] After the mechanized advancements following World War II and the industrial revolution, the primary employment agriculture sector of farming was not as labour intensive. Individuals focused on secondary industries such as manufacturing and construction, as well as tertiary employment like transportation, trade, finance and services. Schools became technologically more advanced and adapted to supply resources for this growing demand and change of focus. [cite book
last =Kerr
first =D.G.G.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =A Historical Atlas of Canada
publisher =Thomas Nelson & Sons (Canada) Limited
date =1959
location =Toronto
pages =90
url =
doi =
id =

Education in Saskatchewan is generally divided by Elementary (Primary School, Public School), followed by Secondary (High School) and Post Secondary (University, College). Within the provinces under the Ministry of Learning, there are district school boards administering the educational programs. [Citation
last =Minister of Trade and Commerce
first =The Right Honourable C. D. Howe
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Canada 1956 the Official Handbook of Present Conditions and Recent Progress
place=
publisher =Queen's Printer
year =1956
location =Ottawa
volume = Canada Year Book Section Information Services Division Dominion Bureau of Statistics
edition =
url =
doi =
id =

History

History of education in this region, North West Territories, began officially in 1885 with territorial Ordinance #5. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project - Evolution
date = Mon Jan 16 2006
year =
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/Evolution.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-12
. North West Territorial Schools Districts or One Room School Houses replaced trading post schooling, missionary schools and private schooling of the past. Moose Jaw School District #1 was formally established Dec. 5, 1884 under the new Board of Education. The 1944 School Act set out to establish larger consolidated schools and the formation of the schools and school districts presently in use. [Citation
last =
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last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project - Evolution
date = Mon Jan 16 2006
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url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/Evolution.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-12
As with any Canadian province, the Saskatchewan Legislature has (almost) exclusive authority to make laws respecting education. Since 1905 the Legislature has used this capacity to continue the model of locally elected public and separate school boards which originated prior to 1905, as well as to create and/or regulate universities, colleges, technical institutions and other educational forms and institutions (public charter schools, private schools, home schooling). For historians and genealogists, previous school district records have been submitted to the Saskatchewan Provincial Archives Regina Branch.Citation
last =
first =
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author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Archives Board
date =
year =
url =http://www.saskarchives.com/web/services-pub-family.html
accessdate = 2007-04-12
unused_data =|Family History Research

Pre-school

Pre-School in Saskatchewan is relatively unregulated, and is not compulsory. The first exposure many children have to learning with others outside of traditional parenting is day care or a parent run playgroup. This sort of activity is not generally considered "schooling". Pre-school education is separate from primary school. Pre-schools are usually run by local councils, community groups or private organisations. Pre-school is offered to three to five year olds, although voluntary attendance numbers vary widely. The year before a child is due to attend primary school is the main year for pre-school education. This year is far more commonly attended, and usually takes the form of a few hours of activity five days a week.

Primary and secondary education

Schools providing primary education are more often referred to as elementary schools or grade schools. Primary and secondary education under the header of K-12 education (K is for kindergarten, 12 is for grade 12). A system of grades is used to describe the various stages of education. Grades are generally known by cardinal, i.e., grade 12.

Typically, primary education is provided in schools, where the child will stay in steadily advancing classes until they complete it and move on to secondary schooling. Children are usually placed in classes with one teacher who will be primarily responsible for their education and welfare for that year. This teacher may be assisted to varying degrees by specialist teachers in certain subject areas, often music or physical education. The continuity with a single teacher and the opportunity to build up a close relationship with the class is a notable feature of the primary education system. Pursuant to The Education Act, school attendance is compulsory for children between the ages of 7 and 16 years. In addition, schooling is provided to anyone between the ages of 6 to 21 years. Both primary and secondary education are free.

High school, secondary school, école secondaire, collegiate institute generally begin from grade 9 through 12 and education is compulsory between the ages of 7 and 16 years according to Saskatchewan’s Education Act, 1995 Section 149. [cite web
last =
first =Saskatchewan Federation of Labour
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =Brief to the Saskatchewan Minimum Wage Board on Minimum Age of Employment and Employer-Provided Transportation Home
work =
publisher =
date =2006-05-01
url =http://www.sfl.sk.ca/pdfs/Minimum%20Working%20Age%20brief.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-04-12
] However, anyone between the ages of 6 to 21 years "has the right",
*(a) "to attend school in the school division where that person or that persons parents or guardians reside"; and
*(b) "to receive instruction appropriate to that persons age and level of educational achievement" "Education Act of Saskatchewan." through either school board system. [cite web
last =Bezeau
first =Lawrence M.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =Chapter 07, Provincial Systems of Education
work =
publisher =
date =Copyright 1989,1995,2002
url =http://www.unb.ca/education/bezeau/eact/eact07.html
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-04-12
] [cite web
last =Melchiorre
first =Angela
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =Canada - [At What Age?...are school-children employed, married and taken to court]
work =
publisher =
date =
url =http://www.right-to-education.org/content/age/canada.html
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-04-12
The schools are divided by religion, publicly funded by a separate school board for Catholic based education or publicly funded by a public school board or families may choose to pay for their education at eight private high schools. [cite web
last =The Council of Ministers of Education, Canada (CMEC)
first =Le Conseil des ministres de l'Éducation (Canada) [CMEC]
authorlink =
coauthors =
title =Secondary Education in Canada: A Student Transfer Guide, 1998 - Introduction / Yukon
work =
publisher =
date = 1998-06-26
url =http://www.cmec.ca/tguide/1998/english/01.stm#sk
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-04-12

In most cases the elementary school ends at grade eight , and high school provides grades nine through twelve, however there are some exceptions where there is a middle school provided.

From 1889 to c1920's the school class organisation was for elementary levels; Standard I, II, III, IV and V; followed by secondary school beginning at Standard VI. Standard X corresponded to a junior or Class 3 provincial certificate, Standard XI would give a Middle, Class 2 provincial certificate, and finally Standard XII would result in a Senior, Class 1 provincial certificate. A level of attainment of at least Class 3 Standard was needed to teach during this time. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project - Evolution
date = January 16, 2006
year =
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/Evolution.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-12
]

Normal ages

Primary

*Pre-School: 4-5 year olds
*Kindergarten: 5-6 year olds
*Grade 1: 6-7 year olds
*Grade 2: 7-8 year olds
*Grade 3: 8-9 year olds
*Grade 4: 9-10 year olds
*Grade 5: 10-11 year olds
*Grade 6: 11-12 year olds
*Grade 7: 12-13 year olds
*Grade 8: 13-14 year olds

econdary

*Grade 9: 14-15 year olds
*Grade 10: 15-16 year olds
*Grade 11: 16-17 year olds
*Grade 12: 17-18 year olds

askatchewan school divisions

During the era of one room school houses, school districts numbered over 5,000 with the attendant administrative costs. Following the 1944 School Act and 1945 Larger School Unit Act Saskatchewan began larger school consolidation The one room school house district began to close down in favour of the larger, technologically advanced consolidated school in the neighboring urban centre. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project
date = January 16, 2006
year =
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/index.html
accessdate = 2007-04-12
] Now there are 28 school divisions and 7 geographical regions. Each school region will have a Regional Director, Regional Superintendent of Curriculum and Instruction, Regional Superintendent of Children's Services, and Office Manager. Each school division will have a Board Chair, Director, and Secretary-Treasurer. These are the administrative branches which oversee the provision of the physical school building, staffing and also implement the policies and curricula set out by the Government of Saskatchewan department, the Ministry of Learning. Each school division will administer a number of regional schools. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Directory of Saskatchewan School Divisions
date =
year =March 28, 2007
url =http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/branches/ed_finance/pdf/School_Division_Directory2007.pdf
accessdate = 2007-04-12
] There are four main school board division designations.
*Public School Divisions
*Separate School Divisions
*Francophone School Division
*Protestant School Division [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Schools and School Divisions
date =
year =
url =http://www.saskschools.ca/
accessdate =
] [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Learning - School Division Maps
date =
year =
url =http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/branches/ed_finance/maps.shtml
accessdate = 2007-04-12
]

*"see also List of Saskatchewan school divisions"
*"see also Elementary and Secondary Schools in Regina, Saskatchewan"
*"see also Public, separate and private schools in Regina, Saskatchewan"
*"see also Saskatoon Public School Division"
*"see also Greater Saskatoon Catholic School Division"

Electives

There are core subjects at secondary level which are mandatory, and those which are classified as "electives". Regular, Fransaskois, and Bilingual curricula all face their own required courses or credits. [Citation
last =
first =Government of Saskatchewan
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Learning
date =
year =
url =http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/branches/aar/prov_exams/main/general_faq.shtml
accessdate = 2007-04-14
unused_data =|Provincial Examinations, Student and Teacher Services
] Some electives may be in the fields of:
*English Language Arts
*Fine Arts
*Home Economics
*Languages
*Mathematics
*Physical Education
*Sciences
*Social Science
*Technology
*Commerce & Computer Education
*Career and Work Exploration

[Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title = Mount Royal curriculum course Select 10, 11, 12
date =
year =
url = http://schools.spsd.sk.ca/mountroyal/Currciulum/courseselect101112.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
]

Post-secondary education, higher education, and academia

Post-secondary Education could be trade or technical training which could be obtained via a vocational school, or University degree programs.

Vocational education and training colleges

*Certificate, Diploma and Associate Degrees, which take 1-2 years to complete, and consist primarily of coursework.

There are several and various institutions of higher learning across the province, which can be categorized as follows:
*Federated Colleges
*Affiliated Colleges
*Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology (SIAST)
*Regional Colleges
*Aboriginal Post Secondary Institutions
*Aboriginal Teacher Education Programs
*Private Vocational Schools
*Saskatchewan’s Apprenticeship Program
*Religious Training Institutions
*Distance Learning
*Other Education and Training Program Providers [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =sasknetwork@sasked.gov.sk.ca
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =SaskNetWork - Post-Secondary Institutions and Programs
date =January 20, 2003
year =
url =http://www.sasknetwork.ca/html/Learners/educationtraining/postinstitutions.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] The Government of Saskatchewan as well as the Federal Government Department of Labour have various incentive and funding programs available for post secondary instruction for the trades and technological training programs. [Citation
last =
first =Government of Saskatchewan.
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Education and Training Government of Saskatchewan
date =January 22, 2007
year =
url =http://www.gov.sk.ca/programs-services/education-training/
accessdate = 2007-04-14
]

*"see also Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology" [Citation
last =Cory Toth
first = Encyclopedia Of Saskatchewan
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
date =
year =
url =http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/saskatchewan_institute_of_applied_science_and_technology_siast.html
accessdate = 2007-04-14
unused_data =|Details
]
*"see also Gabriel Dumont Institute"

Universities

*"see also University of Saskatchewan"
*"see also University of Regina"
*"see also First Nations University of Canada"

*Bachelors degrees, generally the first university degree undertaken, which take 3-4 years to complete, and consist primarily of coursework. Bachelors degrees are sometimes awarded with honours to the best performing students.

In some courses, honours is awarded on the basis of performance throughout the course (usually in 4yr+ courses), but normally honours consists of undertaking a year of research (like a short thesis or Masters by Research). If honours is undertaken as an extra year it is known as an honours degree rather than a degree with honours.

*Masters degrees, which are undertaken after the completion of one or more Bachelors degrees. Masters degrees deal with a subject at a more advanced level than Bachelors degrees, and can consist either of research, coursework, or a mixture of the two.

*Doctorates, most famously Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), which are undertaken after an Honours Bachelors or Masters degree, by an original research project resulting in a thesis or dissertation. Admission to candidature for a PhD generally requires either a Bachelor's degree with good honours, or a Masters degree with a research component.

*Higher Doctorates, such as Doctor of Science (DSc) or Doctor of Letters (DLitt), which are awarded on the basis of a record of original research or of publications, over many years (often at least 10).

Some Saskatchewan University colleges are :
*Agriculture & Bioresources
*Arts & Science
*Commerce
*Dentistry
*Education
*Engineering
*Graduate Studies & Research
*Kinesiology
*Law
*Medicine (School of Physical Therapy)
*Nursing
*Pharmacy & Nutrition
*Veterinary Medicine

Teaching

Missionaries and trading post schools provided the first formal educational process. The first immigrants of the late 1800s and early 1900s established log house schools, or classrooms in homes and a settler with some education from the home country would offer to be the teacher. Normal school offered teacher training and were established as early as 1891 but no enrolment for that year. Until local training was completed and there were graduates, some teachers immigrated from eastern Canada and Europe to teach at the early one room school houses. Teachers of this era 1880s through to c1940s taught in one room school houses which offered grades 1 through 8, and where needed also grades 9 through 12 with classroom sizes varying from 10 through to 40 students. Early residents could teach for a short time as permit teachers if there was a shortage of qualified teachers with a level of attainment of a "Class 3 provincial certificate" (also called "Standard X", or "Junior". World War I (1914-1918) saw a shortage of teachers as women started to work to support families, and men supported the war effort and fought in an overseas theatre of war. The roaring twenties, and depression years of the 1930s saw many students educated as teachers. [Citation
last =
first =City of Saskatoon
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =City of Saskatoon · City Council · City History · Nutana
date =
year =
url =http://www.saskatoon.ca/org/city_history/nutana/nutana.asp
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project - Evolution
date =
year =
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~cansk/school/Evolution.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] Teachers are members of the Saskatchewan Teachers' Federation an organization created in 1933. An "Act Respecting the Teaching Profession" of 1935 gives the group statutory recognition to support teachers and the teaching profession. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Teachers' Federation
date =
year =
url =http://www.stf.sk.ca/
accessdate = 2007-04-14
]

Additional options for gifted students

"See also List of gifted and talented programmes#Canada"

Gifted education is a broad term for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented. [Citation
last = Lipp
first =Margaret
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =How Gifted Adolescents Make Judgments SSTA Research Centre Report #92-02
date =
year =
url =http://www.saskschoolboards.ca/research/students/92-02.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] Various schools across Saskatchewan have aimed to fulfill this mandate such as Walter Murray Collegiate Advanced Program [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Walter Murray Collegiate Advanced Program
date =
year =
url =http://schools.spsd.sk.ca/waltermurray/wmchome/about/programs/advanced.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] , and Mount Royal Collegiate Institute Multi-Directional Approach to Education (MDA) MDA program [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Special Programs
date =
year =
url =http://schools.spsd.sk.ca/mountroyal/Subject/specialprograms.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] to name a few.

Education of students with special needs

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, behaviorally disordered students, adolescent anger control, are all different forms of special education which classroom teachers address when they are involved in mainstreaming. [Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =SSTA Research Centre Reports
date =
year =
url =http://www.saskschoolboards.ca/research/students/students.htm
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] There are several programs offered from Kindergarten through the elementary and secondary school system. [Citation
last =
first =Evergreen Main Menu
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Teaching Kindergarten Meeting Special Needs
date =
year =
url =http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/kindergarten/kindmeet.html
accessdate = 2007-04-14
]

The Special Education Unit of Saskatchewan Education has a variety of services, resources and support for Sasktchewan schools and teachers. [Citation
last =Saskatchewan Education
first =Government of Saskatchewan
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Learning
date =
year =
url =http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/branches/curr/special_ed/seindex.shtml
accessdate = 2007-04-14
]

Extracurricular activities

Schools may offer a variety of venues depending upon the demand within the school population. It may vary from student participation in social clubs, intramurals, or sports teams.
* Clubs provide an opportunity for instruction, competition and social interaction.
** Christian fellowship
** kayak
** photography
** golf
** outdoor tennis
** scuba
** space
** golf
** drama
** chess
** yearbook
** band
** choir

* Intramurals provide students with a variety of sports played at a recreational level.

* In Motion Activities enhance a student's physical well-being, fitness and lifestyle.
* School athletics provide a variety of sport teams and competitive events played to develop a professional level.
** basketball
** football
** soccer
** curling
** badminton
** volleyball [Citation
last =
first =Prairie Spirit School Division No. 206
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Allan Composite School Home Page: Allan, Saskatchewan
date =
year =
url =http://www.spiritsd.ca/allanschool/
accessdate = 2007-04-14
] [Citation
last =
first =Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Services for Students (Kelsey)
date =March 29/07
year =
url =http://www.siast.sk.ca/kelsey/servicesforstudents/index.htm#recreation
accessdate = 2007-04-14
format =dead link|date=October 2008 – [http://scholar.google.co.uk/scholar?hl=en&lr=&q=intitle%3AServices+for+Students+%28Kelsey%29&as_publication=&as_ylo=&as_yhi=&btnG=Search Scholar search]
] [Davidson High School (Saskatchewan)]

ee also

*Saskatchewan Teachers' Federation
*The Evolution of Education Museum
*Central Pentecostal College
*Saskatchewan Indian Institute of Technologies

References

External links

*Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =Saskatchewan Learning - Welcome to Saskatchewan Learning
date =
year =
url =http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/
accessdate =

*Citation
last =
first =
author-link =
last2 =
first2 =
author2-link =
title =1926 Highway

date =
year =
url =http://www.rootsweb.com/~canmaps/1926/iii.html
accessdate =

* [http://www.virtualmuseum.ca/pm.php?id=record_detail&fl=0&lg=English&ex=00000087&rd=52254&hs=0 School Days Gone By - The Morse School]


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