- Leelanau County, Michigan
Infobox U.S. County
county = Leelanau County
state = Michigan
map size = 200
founded = 1840
seat = Leland | area_total_sq_mi =2532
area percentage = 86.24%
census yr = 2000
pop = 21119
web = www.leelanaucounty.com
Leelanau County is a county in the
U.S. stateof Michigan. It is part of the Traverse City, MichiganMicropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the population was 21,119. The county seatcurrently is the unincorporated community of LelandGR|6. However, on August 3, 2004, county voters approved a proposal to move the county seat to Suttons Bay Township, closer to the county's geographic center. A new governmental facility will be built on 45 acres (180,000 m²) of county-owned land one mile east of the unincorporated village of Lake Leelanau, where a new county law enforcement center already is under construction.
*According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,532 square miles (6,559 km²), of which, 348 square miles (903 km²) of it is land and 2,184 square miles (5,656 km²) of it (86.24%) is water. The county has the second-highest proportion of water area of any county in the United States, behind only Keweenaw County, Michigan. Lake Leelanauis the county's largest body of inland water, formed from the Leland Riverdam near Leland. Glen Lake, located within the boundaries of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, is considered one of the most beautiful lakes in the world.
*A substantial portion of
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshorelies within the county's borders, including North Manitou and South Manitou Islands.
*Leelanau County is considered to be part of
*Leelenau has been part to substantial efforts to protect itself from growth, and to foster a nature conservancy. [ [http://www.theconservancy.com/ Leelenau Conservancy] ]
The county's name is said to be a Native American word meaning "delight of life" [ [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Leelanau.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central, Michigan University, Bibliography for Leelanau County.] ] However, there is substantial authority that suggests that this is a
neologismmade up by Henry Schoolcraft, who sometimes gave the name "Leelinau" to some Native American women in his tales. It is noted that the Ottawasand Ojibwasdid not use the letter "L". [ [http://www.michigan.gov/hal/0,1607,7-160-15481_20826_20829-54126--,00.html#lake Michigan Arts and History on Origins of County Names.] ] "See," List of Michigan county name etymologies.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 21,119 people, 8,436 households, and 6,217 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 61 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 13,297 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.52% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 3.66% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.34% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 3.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.3% were of German, 11.5% English, 9.9% Polish, 9.0% Irish, 6.0% French and 5.2% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.1% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.
There were 8,436 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 5.70% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 28.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,062, and the median income for a family was $53,228. Males had a median income of $35,719 versus $25,778 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $24,686. About 3.30% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.40% of those under age 18 and 4.50% of those age 65 or over.
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates themajor local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains
vital records, administers public healthregulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare andother social services. The county board of commissioners controls thebudget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most localgovernment functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, streetmaintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships. Leelenau County recently completed construction of a new jail.
Leelanau County elected officials
* Prosecuting Attorney: Joseph T. Hubbell
Sheriff: Michael Oltersdorf
County Clerk: Michelle L. Crocker
* County Treasurer: Vicki A. Kilway
Register of Deeds: Barbara J. Kirt
Drain Commissioner: Steven R. Christensen
*Leelanau County is part of the
Roman Catholic Diocese of Gaylord. [ [http://www.dioceseofgaylord.org/ Diocese of Gaylord.] ]
(information as of September 2005)
Cities, villages, and townships
*Traverse City (partial)
*Glen Arbor, unincorporated
*Glen Haven, unincorporated
*Lake Leelanau, unincorporated
*Maple City, unincorporated
*Elmwood Charter Township
*Glen Arbor Township
*Suttons Bay Township
* [http://clarke.cmich.edu/localhistory/Leelanau.htm Clarke Historical Library, Central, Michigan University, Bibliography for Leelanau County]
*Bogue, Margaret. "Around the Shores of Lake Michigan: A Guide to Historic Sites". Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
*Reed, Earl H. "The Dune Country. Berrien Springs", MI: Hardscrabble Books, 1979. [Reprint of 1916 Edition] .
*Ruchhoft, Robert H. "Exploring North Manitou, South Manitou, High and Garden Islands of the Lake Michigan Archipelago". Cincinnati, OH: Pucelle Press, 1991.
*Wood, Mable C. "Scooterville", U.S.A. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1962.
* [http://www.leelanaucounty.com/ Leelanau Government & Community Center]
* [http://www.leelanauchamber.com Leelanau Peninsula Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.visitglenarbor.com Glen Arbor Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.lelandmi.com Leland Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.leelanautownshipchamber.com Northport-Omena Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.suttonsbayarea.com Suttons Bay Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.leelanaunews.com/ The Leelanau Enterprise] (local newspaper)
* [http://www.leelanau.com/ Leelanau.com] (news, photos & links)
* [http://www.leelanaupost.com/ The Leelanau Post]
* [http://www.fountainpointresort.com/ Fountain Point Resort website]
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