- IAEA Areas
The Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) defines eight areas from which candidate governments for election to the IAEA Board of Governors are chosen. Unlike the regional groups from which leadership posts at the United Nations are filled, the memberships of the IAEA areas are not strictly defined.
The eight areas are
* North America
* Latin America
* Western Europe
* Eastern Europe
* Middle East and South Asia
* South East Asia and the Pacific
* Far East
Unlike the regional groups from which leadership posts at the United Nations are filled, the memberships of the IAEA areas are not strictly defined. Broadly speaking, the following are members of the respective areas, as of July 2003. [http://www.iaea.org/OurWork/ST/NE/Pess/rds-1/RDS1-23scr.pdf Energy, Electricity and Nuclear Power Estimates for the Period up to 2030] , International Atomic Energy Agency, July 2003 Edition. Referenced April 2007.] " However, Israel has never been elected as a member of the Board from any region, and Egypt has on occasion been elected as a member of both the Africa and the Middle East/South Asia groups.
Canada, the United States of America
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia , Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Cote d'Ivoire, Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Egypt (sometimes), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar , Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Middle East and South Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Egypt (sometimes), India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
outh East Asia and the Pacific
Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Myanmar, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand
China, Japan, Mongolia, Philippines, South Korea, Vietnam
Article VI of the IAEA Statutes sets out four steps in choosing the members of the Board of Governors, only three of which involve the areas.
The Board consists of ten members who are the most advanced in atomic energy technology without regard to geographic representation and an additional number likewise most advanced in each of the eight areas from which any of the initial ten are not chosen. These members are designated for one year terms. The General Conference then elects 22 members from the remaining states to two year terms. Eleven are elected each year and must also represent a stipulated geographic diversity.
The twenty-two members elected by the General Conference include twenty states based on the following allottment for each area:
* five representatives of Latin America;
* four representatives of Western Europe;
* three representatives of Eastern Europe;
* four representatives of Africa;
* two representatives of the Middle East and South Asia;
* one representative of South East Asia and the Pacific; and
* one representative of the Far East;
and two additional states:
* one from among members in either the area of the Middle East and South Asia, South East Asia and the Pacific, or Far East; and
* one from among members in either the area of Africa, the Middle East and South Asia, or South East Asia and the Pacific area.
Amendment to Article VI
The 43rd General Conference (1999) adopted an amendment to Article VI which will expand the Board from 35 to 43 members and give greater proportional representation fo developing countries. To enter into force, the amendment must be ratified 2/3 of IAEA member states, and every member state must be identified as a member of one of the eight geographic groups. Israel is not currently recognized as a member any group.International Atomic Energy Agency. General Conference. Forty-Third Regular Session. [http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC43/GC43Resolutions/English/GC43RES-19.pdf Amendment to Article VI of the Statute] (GC(43)/RES/19). Referenced April 2007.] As of the 50th General Conference, only 43 of the agency's 144 member states have done so, fewer than half of the necessary numberInternational Atomic Energy Agency. General Conference. Fiftieth Regular Session. [http://www.iaea.org/About/Policy/GC/GC50/GC50Documents/English/gc50-7_en.pdf Amendment to Article IV of the Statute: Report by the Director General] (GC(50)/7) . Referenced April 2007] .
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